fix handling of aiff ssnd offset; do not try and recreate offset or block align when...
[flac.git] / src / flac / encode.c
index 5433428..d529d2f 100644 (file)
@@ -1,5 +1,5 @@
 /* flac - Command-line FLAC encoder/decoder
- * Copyright (C) 2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006  Josh Coalson
+ * Copyright (C) 2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008  Josh Coalson
  *
  * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
  * modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
@@ -38,8 +38,9 @@
 #include <math.h> /* for floor() */
 #include <stdio.h> /* for FILE etc. */
 #include <stdlib.h> /* for malloc */
-#include <string.h> /* for strcmp(), strerror( */
+#include <string.h> /* for strcmp(), strerror() */
 #include "FLAC/all.h"
+#include "share/alloc.h"
 #include "share/grabbag.h"
 #include "encode.h"
 
 #define max(x,y) ((x)>(y)?(x):(y))
 
 /* this MUST be >= 588 so that sector aligning can take place with one read */
+/* this MUST be < 2^sizeof(size_t) / ( FLAC__MAX_CHANNELS * (FLAC__MAX_BITS_PER_SAMPLE/8) ) */
 #define CHUNK_OF_SAMPLES 2048
 
 typedef struct {
+       unsigned sample_rate;
+       unsigned channels;
+       unsigned bits_per_sample; /* width of sample point, including 'shift' bits, valid bps is bits_per_sample-shift */
+       unsigned shift; /* # of LSBs samples have been shifted left by */
+       unsigned bytes_per_wide_sample; /* for convenience, always == channels*((bps+7)/8), or 0 if N/A to input format (like FLAC) */
+       FLAC__bool is_unsigned_samples;
+       FLAC__bool is_big_endian;
+       FLAC__uint32 channel_mask;
+} SampleInfo;
+
+/* this is the client_data attached to the FLAC decoder when encoding from a FLAC file */
+typedef struct {
+       off_t filesize;
+       const FLAC__byte *lookahead;
+       unsigned lookahead_length;
+       size_t num_metadata_blocks;
+       FLAC__StreamMetadata *metadata_blocks[1024]; /*@@@ BAD MAGIC number */
+       FLAC__uint64 samples_left_to_process;
+       FLAC__bool fatal_error;
+} FLACDecoderData;
+
+typedef struct {
 #if FLAC__HAS_OGG
        FLAC__bool use_ogg;
 #endif
@@ -63,39 +87,37 @@ typedef struct {
        FLAC__bool is_stdout;
        FLAC__bool outputfile_opened; /* true if we successfully opened the output file and we want it to be deleted if there is an error */
        const char *inbasefilename;
+       const char *infilename;
        const char *outfilename;
 
-       FLAC__uint64 skip;
-       FLAC__uint64 until; /* a value of 0 mean end-of-stream (i.e. --until=-0) */
+       FLAC__bool treat_warnings_as_errors;
        FLAC__bool continue_through_decode_errors;
        FLAC__bool replay_gain;
-       unsigned channels;
-       unsigned bits_per_sample;
-       unsigned sample_rate;
-       FLAC__uint64 unencoded_size;
-       FLAC__uint64 total_samples_to_encode;
+       FLAC__uint64 total_samples_to_encode; /* (i.e. "wide samples" aka "sample frames") WATCHOUT: may be 0 to mean 'unknown' */
+       FLAC__uint64 unencoded_size; /* an estimate of the input size, only used in the progress indicator */
        FLAC__uint64 bytes_written;
        FLAC__uint64 samples_written;
        unsigned stats_mask;
 
+       SampleInfo info;
+
+       FileFormat format;
+       union {
+               struct {
+                       FLAC__uint64 data_bytes;
+               } iff;
+               struct {
+                       FLAC__StreamDecoder *decoder;
+                       FLACDecoderData client_data;
+               } flac;
+       } fmt;
+
        FLAC__StreamEncoder *encoder;
 
        FILE *fin;
        FLAC__StreamMetadata *seek_table_template;
 } EncoderSession;
 
-/* this is data attached to the FLAC decoder when encoding from a FLAC file */
-typedef struct {
-       EncoderSession *encoder_session;
-       off_t filesize;
-       const FLAC__byte *lookahead;
-       unsigned lookahead_length;
-       size_t num_metadata_blocks;
-       FLAC__StreamMetadata *metadata_blocks[1024]; /*@@@ BAD MAGIC number */
-       FLAC__uint64 samples_left_to_process;
-       FLAC__bool fatal_error;
-} FLACDecoderData;
-
 const int FLAC_ENCODE__DEFAULT_PADDING = 8192;
 
 static FLAC__bool is_big_endian_host_;
@@ -115,16 +137,18 @@ static FLAC__int32 *input_[FLAC__MAX_CHANNELS];
 extern FLAC__bool FLAC__stream_encoder_disable_constant_subframes(FLAC__StreamEncoder *encoder, FLAC__bool value);
 extern FLAC__bool FLAC__stream_encoder_disable_fixed_subframes(FLAC__StreamEncoder *encoder, FLAC__bool value);
 extern FLAC__bool FLAC__stream_encoder_disable_verbatim_subframes(FLAC__StreamEncoder *encoder, FLAC__bool value);
+extern FLAC__bool FLAC__stream_encoder_set_do_md5(FLAC__StreamEncoder *encoder, FLAC__bool value);
 
 /*
  * local routines
  */
-static FLAC__bool EncoderSession_construct(EncoderSession *e, FLAC__bool use_ogg, FLAC__bool verify, FLAC__bool continue_through_decode_errors, FILE *infile, const char *infilename, const char *outfilename);
+static FLAC__bool EncoderSession_construct(EncoderSession *e, encode_options_t options, off_t infilesize, FILE *infile, const char *infilename, const char *outfilename, const FLAC__byte *lookahead, unsigned lookahead_length);
 static void EncoderSession_destroy(EncoderSession *e);
-static int EncoderSession_finish_ok(EncoderSession *e, int info_align_carry, int info_align_zero);
+static int EncoderSession_finish_ok(EncoderSession *e, int info_align_carry, int info_align_zero, foreign_metadata_t *foreign_metadata);
 static int EncoderSession_finish_error(EncoderSession *e);
-static FLAC__bool EncoderSession_init_encoder(EncoderSession *e, encode_options_t options, FLAC__uint32 channel_mask, unsigned channels, unsigned bps, unsigned sample_rate, FLACDecoderData *flac_decoder_data);
+static FLAC__bool EncoderSession_init_encoder(EncoderSession *e, encode_options_t options);
 static FLAC__bool EncoderSession_process(EncoderSession *e, const FLAC__int32 * const buffer[], unsigned samples);
+static FLAC__bool EncoderSession_format_is_iff(const EncoderSession *e);
 static FLAC__bool convert_to_seek_table_template(const char *requested_seek_points, int num_requested_seek_points, FLAC__StreamMetadata *cuesheet, EncoderSession *e);
 static FLAC__bool canonicalize_until_specification(utils__SkipUntilSpecification *spec, const char *inbasefilename, unsigned sample_rate, FLAC__uint64 skip, FLAC__uint64 total_samples_in_input);
 static FLAC__bool verify_metadata(const EncoderSession *e, FLAC__StreamMetadata **metadata, unsigned num_metadata);
@@ -138,628 +162,284 @@ static FLAC__bool flac_decoder_eof_callback(const FLAC__StreamDecoder *decoder,
 static FLAC__StreamDecoderWriteStatus flac_decoder_write_callback(const FLAC__StreamDecoder *decoder, const FLAC__Frame *frame, const FLAC__int32 * const buffer[], void *client_data);
 static void flac_decoder_metadata_callback(const FLAC__StreamDecoder *decoder, const FLAC__StreamMetadata *metadata, void *client_data);
 static void flac_decoder_error_callback(const FLAC__StreamDecoder *decoder, FLAC__StreamDecoderErrorStatus status, void *client_data);
-static FLAC__bool parse_cuesheet(FLAC__StreamMetadata **cuesheet, const char *cuesheet_filename, const char *inbasefilename, FLAC__bool is_cdda, FLAC__uint64 lead_out_offset);
+static FLAC__bool parse_cuesheet(FLAC__StreamMetadata **cuesheet, const char *cuesheet_filename, const char *inbasefilename, FLAC__bool is_cdda, FLAC__uint64 lead_out_offset, FLAC__bool treat_warnings_as_errors);
 static void print_stats(const EncoderSession *encoder_session);
 static void print_error_with_init_status(const EncoderSession *e, const char *message, FLAC__StreamEncoderInitStatus init_status);
 static void print_error_with_state(const EncoderSession *e, const char *message);
 static void print_verify_error(EncoderSession *e);
-static FLAC__bool read_little_endian_uint16(FILE *f, FLAC__uint16 *val, FLAC__bool eof_ok, const char *fn);
-static FLAC__bool read_little_endian_uint32(FILE *f, FLAC__uint32 *val, FLAC__bool eof_ok, const char *fn);
-static FLAC__bool read_big_endian_uint16(FILE *f, FLAC__uint16 *val, FLAC__bool eof_ok, const char *fn);
-static FLAC__bool read_big_endian_uint32(FILE *f, FLAC__uint32 *val, FLAC__bool eof_ok, const char *fn);
-static FLAC__bool read_sane_extended(FILE *f, FLAC__uint32 *val, FLAC__bool eof_ok, const char *fn);
+static FLAC__bool read_bytes(FILE *f, FLAC__byte *buf, size_t n, FLAC__bool eof_ok, const char *fn);
+static FLAC__bool read_uint16(FILE *f, FLAC__bool big_endian, FLAC__uint16 *val, const char *fn);
+static FLAC__bool read_uint32(FILE *f, FLAC__bool big_endian, FLAC__uint32 *val, const char *fn);
+static FLAC__bool read_uint64(FILE *f, FLAC__bool big_endian, FLAC__uint64 *val, const char *fn);
+static FLAC__bool read_sane_extended(FILE *f, FLAC__uint32 *val, const char *fn);
 static FLAC__bool fskip_ahead(FILE *f, FLAC__uint64 offset);
 static unsigned count_channel_mask_bits(FLAC__uint32 mask);
+#if 0
 static FLAC__uint32 limit_channel_mask(FLAC__uint32 mask, unsigned channels);
+#endif
 
-/*
- * public routines
- */
-int flac__encode_aif(FILE *infile, off_t infilesize, const char *infilename, const char *outfilename, const FLAC__byte *lookahead, unsigned lookahead_length, wav_encode_options_t options, FLAC__bool is_aifc)
+static FLAC__bool get_sample_info_raw(EncoderSession *e, encode_options_t options)
 {
-       EncoderSession encoder_session;
-       FLAC__uint16 x;
-       FLAC__uint32 xx;
-       unsigned int channels= 0U, bps= 0U, shift= 0U, sample_rate= 0U, sample_frames= 0U;
-       size_t channel_map[FLAC__MAX_CHANNELS];
-       FLAC__bool got_comm_chunk= false, got_ssnd_chunk= false;
-       int info_align_carry= -1, info_align_zero= -1;
-       FLAC__bool is_big_endian_pcm = true;
+       e->info.sample_rate = options.format_options.raw.sample_rate;
+       e->info.channels = options.format_options.raw.channels;
+       e->info.bits_per_sample = options.format_options.raw.bps;
+       e->info.shift = 0;
+       e->info.bytes_per_wide_sample = options.format_options.raw.channels * ((options.format_options.raw.bps+7)/8);
+       e->info.is_unsigned_samples = options.format_options.raw.is_unsigned_samples;
+       e->info.is_big_endian = options.format_options.raw.is_big_endian;
+       e->info.channel_mask = 0;
 
-       (void)infilesize; /* silence compiler warning about unused parameter */
-       (void)lookahead; /* silence compiler warning about unused parameter */
-       (void)lookahead_length; /* silence compiler warning about unused parameter */
+       return true;
+}
 
-       if(!
-               EncoderSession_construct(
-                       &encoder_session,
-#if FLAC__HAS_OGG
-                       options.common.use_ogg,
-#else
-                       /*use_ogg=*/false,
-#endif
-                       options.common.verify,
-                       options.common.continue_through_decode_errors,
-                       infile,
-                       infilename,
-                       outfilename
-               )
-       )
-               return 1;
+static FLAC__bool get_sample_info_wave(EncoderSession *e, encode_options_t options)
+{
+       FLAC__bool got_fmt_chunk = false, got_data_chunk = false, got_ds64_chunk = false;
+       unsigned sample_rate = 0, channels = 0, bps = 0, shift = 0;
+       FLAC__uint32 channel_mask = 0;
+       FLAC__uint64 ds64_data_size = 0;
 
-       /* initialize default channel map that preserves channel order */
-       {
-               size_t i;
-               for(i = 0; i < sizeof(channel_map)/sizeof(channel_map[0]); i++)
-                       channel_map[i] = i;
-       }
+       e->info.is_unsigned_samples = false;
+       e->info.is_big_endian = false;
 
-       /* lookahead[] already has "FORMxxxxAIFF", do sub-chunks */
+       if(e->format == FORMAT_WAVE64) {
+               /*
+                * lookahead[] already has "riff\x2E\x91\xCF\x11\xD6\xA5\x28\xDB", skip over remaining header
+                */
+               if(!fskip_ahead(e->fin, 16+8+16-12)) { /* riff GUID + riff size + WAVE GUID - lookahead */
+                       flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR during read while skipping over remaining \"riff\" header\n", e->inbasefilename);
+                       return false;
+               }
+       }
+       /* else lookahead[] already has "RIFFxxxxWAVE" or "RF64xxxxWAVE" */
 
-       while(1) {
-               size_t c= 0U;
-               char chunk_id[5] = { '\0', '\0', '\0', '\0', '\0' }; /* one extra byte for terminating NUL so we can also treat it like a C string */
+       while(!feof(e->fin) && !got_data_chunk) {
+               /* chunk IDs are 4 bytes for WAVE/RF64, 16 for Wave64 */
+               /* for WAVE/RF64 we want the 5th char zeroed so we can treat it like a C string */
+               char chunk_id[16] = { '\0', '\0', '\0', '\0', '\0', '\0', '\0', '\0', '\0', '\0', '\0', '\0', '\0', '\0', '\0', '\0' };
 
-               /* chunk identifier; really conservative about behavior of fread() and feof() */
-               if(feof(infile) || ((c= fread(chunk_id, 1U, 4U, infile)), c==0U && feof(infile)))
-                       break;
-               else if(c<4U || feof(infile)) {
-                       flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: incomplete chunk identifier\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename);
-                       return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
+               if(!read_bytes(e->fin, (FLAC__byte*)chunk_id, e->format==FORMAT_WAVE64?16:4, /*eof_ok=*/true, e->inbasefilename)) {
+                       flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: incomplete chunk identifier\n", e->inbasefilename);
+                       return false;
                }
+               if(feof(e->fin))
+                       break;
 
-               if(got_comm_chunk==false && !memcmp(chunk_id, "COMM", 4)) { /* common chunk */
-                       unsigned long skip;
-                       const FLAC__uint32 minimum_comm_size = (is_aifc? 22 : 18);
-
-                       /* COMM chunk size */
-                       if(!read_big_endian_uint32(infile, &xx, false, encoder_session.inbasefilename))
-                               return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
-                       else if(xx<minimum_comm_size) {
-                               flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: non-standard %s 'COMM' chunk has length = %u\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename, is_aifc? "AIFF-C" : "AIFF", (unsigned int)xx);
-                               return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
-                       }
-                       else if(!is_aifc && xx!=minimum_comm_size) {
-                               flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: WARNING: non-standard %s 'COMM' chunk has length = %u, expected %u\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename, is_aifc? "AIFF-C" : "AIFF", (unsigned int)xx, minimum_comm_size);
-                       }
-                       skip= (xx-minimum_comm_size)+(xx & 1U);
+               if(e->format == FORMAT_RF64 && !memcmp(chunk_id, "ds64", 4)) { /* RF64 64-bit sizes chunk */
+                       FLAC__uint32 xx, data_bytes;
 
-                       /* number of channels */
-                       if(!read_big_endian_uint16(infile, &x, false, encoder_session.inbasefilename))
-                               return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
-                       else if(x==0U || x>FLAC__MAX_CHANNELS) {
-                               flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: unsupported number channels %u\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename, (unsigned int)x);
-                               return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
-                       }
-                       else if(x>2U && !options.common.channel_map_none) {
-                               flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: unsupported number channels %u for AIFF\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename, (unsigned int)x);
-                               return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
+                       if(got_ds64_chunk) {
+                               flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: file has multiple 'ds64' chunks\n", e->inbasefilename);
+                               return false;
                        }
-                       else if(options.common.sector_align && x!=2U) {
-                               flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: file has %u channels, must be 2 for --sector-align\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename, (unsigned int)x);
-                               return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
+                       if(got_fmt_chunk || got_data_chunk) {
+                               flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: 'ds64' chunk appears after 'fmt ' or 'data' chunk\n", e->inbasefilename);
+                               return false;
                        }
-                       channels= x;
-
-                       /* number of sample frames */
-                       if(!read_big_endian_uint32(infile, &xx, false, encoder_session.inbasefilename))
-                               return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
-                       sample_frames= xx;
 
-                       /* bits per sample */
-                       if(!read_big_endian_uint16(infile, &x, false, encoder_session.inbasefilename))
-                               return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
-                       else if(x<4U || x>24U) {
-                               flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: unsupported bits-per-sample %u\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename, (unsigned int)x);
-                               return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
-                       }
-                       else if(options.common.sector_align && x!=16U) {
-                               flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: file has %u bits-per-sample, must be 16 for --sector-align\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename, (unsigned int)x);
-                               return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
+                       /* ds64 chunk size */
+                       if(!read_uint32(e->fin, /*big_endian=*/false, &xx, e->inbasefilename))
+                               return false;
+                       data_bytes = xx;
+                       if(data_bytes < 28) {
+                               flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: non-standard 'ds64' chunk has length = %u\n", e->inbasefilename, (unsigned)data_bytes);
+                               return false;
                        }
-                       bps= x;
-                       shift= (bps%8)? 8-(bps%8) : 0; /* SSND data is always byte-aligned, left-justified but format_input() will double-check */
-                       bps+= shift;
+                       if(data_bytes & 1) /* should never happen, but enforce WAVE alignment rules */
+                               data_bytes++;
 
-                       /* sample rate */
-                       if(!read_sane_extended(infile, &xx, false, encoder_session.inbasefilename))
-                               return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
-                       else if(!FLAC__format_sample_rate_is_valid(xx)) {
-                               flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: unsupported sample rate %u\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename, (unsigned int)xx);
-                               return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
-                       }
-                       else if(options.common.sector_align && xx!=44100U) {
-                               flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: file's sample rate is %u, must be 44100 for --sector-align\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename, (unsigned int)xx);
-                               return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
-                       }
-                       sample_rate= xx;
+                       /* RIFF 64-bit size, lo/hi */
+                       if(!read_uint32(e->fin, /*big_endian=*/false, &xx, e->inbasefilename))
+                               return false;
+                       if(!read_uint32(e->fin, /*big_endian=*/false, &xx, e->inbasefilename))
+                               return false;
 
-                       /* check compression type for AIFF-C */
-                       if(is_aifc) {
-                               if(!read_big_endian_uint32(infile, &xx, false, encoder_session.inbasefilename))
-                                       return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
-                               if(xx == 0x736F7774) /* "sowt" */
-                                       is_big_endian_pcm = false;
-                               else if(xx == 0x4E4F4E45) /* "NONE" */
-                                       ; /* nothing to do, we already default to big-endian */
-                               else {
-                                       flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: can't handle AIFF-C compression type \"%c%c%c%c\"\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename, (char)(xx>>24), (char)((xx>>16)&8), (char)((xx>>8)&8), (char)(xx&8));
-                                       return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
-                               }
-                       }
+                       /* 'data' 64-bit size */
+                       if(!read_uint64(e->fin, /*big_endian=*/false, &ds64_data_size, e->inbasefilename))
+                               return false;
 
-                       /* set channel mapping */
-                       /* FLAC order follows SMPTE and WAVEFORMATEXTENSIBLE but with fewer channels, which are: */
-                       /* front left, front right, center, LFE, back left, back right, surround left, surround right */
-                       /* specs say the channel ordering is:
-                        *                             1     2   3   4   5   6
-                        * ___________________________________________________
-                        * 2         stereo            l     r
-                        * 3                           l     r   c
-                        * 4                           l     c   r   S
-                        * quad (ambiguous with 4ch)  Fl    Fr   Bl  Br
-                        * 5                          Fl     Fr  Fc  Sl  Sr
-                        * 6                           l     lc  c   r   rc  S
-                        * l:left r:right c:center Fl:front-left Fr:front-right Bl:back-left Br:back-right Lc:left-center Rc:right-center S:surround
-                        * so we only have unambiguous mappings for 2, 3, and 5 channels
-                        */
-                       if(
-                               options.common.channel_map_none ||
-                               channels == 1 || /* 1 channel: (mono) */
-                               channels == 2 || /* 2 channels: left, right */
-                               channels == 3 || /* 3 channels: left, right, center */
-                               channels == 5    /* 5 channels: front left, front right, center, surround left, surround right */
-                       ) {
-                               /* keep default channel order */
-                       }
-                       else {
-                               flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: unsupported number channels %u for AIFF\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename, channels);
-                               return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
-                       }
+                       data_bytes -= 16;
 
-                       /* skip any extra data in the COMM chunk */
-                       if(!fskip_ahead(infile, skip)) {
-                               flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR during read while skipping extra COMM data\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename);
-                               return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
+                       /* skip any extra data in the ds64 chunk */
+                       if(!fskip_ahead(e->fin, data_bytes)) {
+                               flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR during read while skipping over extra 'ds64' data\n", e->inbasefilename);
+                               return false;
                        }
 
-                       /*
-                        * now that we know the sample rate, canonicalize the
-                        * --skip string to a number of samples:
-                        */
-                       flac__utils_canonicalize_skip_until_specification(&options.common.skip_specification, sample_rate);
-                       FLAC__ASSERT(options.common.skip_specification.value.samples >= 0);
-                       encoder_session.skip = (FLAC__uint64)options.common.skip_specification.value.samples;
-                       FLAC__ASSERT(!options.common.sector_align || encoder_session.skip == 0);
-
-                       got_comm_chunk= true;
+                       got_ds64_chunk = true;
                }
-               else if(got_ssnd_chunk==false && !memcmp(chunk_id, "SSND", 4)) { /* sound data chunk */
-                       unsigned int offset= 0U, block_size= 0U, align_remainder= 0U, data_bytes;
-                       size_t bytes_per_frame= channels*(bps>>3);
-                       FLAC__uint64 total_samples_in_input, trim = 0;
-                       FLAC__bool pad= false;
-
-                       if(got_comm_chunk==false) {
-                               flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: got 'SSND' chunk before 'COMM' chunk\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename);
-                               return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
-                       }
-
-                       /* SSND chunk size */
-                       if(!read_big_endian_uint32(infile, &xx, false, encoder_session.inbasefilename))
-                               return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
-                       data_bytes= xx;
-                       pad= (data_bytes & 1U) ? true : false;
-                       data_bytes-= 8U; /* discount the offset and block size fields */
-
-                       /* offset */
-                       if(!read_big_endian_uint32(infile, &xx, false, encoder_session.inbasefilename))
-                               return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
-                       offset= xx;
-                       data_bytes-= offset;
-
-                       /* block size */
-                       if(!read_big_endian_uint32(infile, &xx, false, encoder_session.inbasefilename))
-                               return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
-                       else if(xx!=0U) {
-                               flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: block size is %u; must be 0\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename, (unsigned int)xx);
-                               return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
-                       }
-                       block_size= xx;
-
-                       /* skip any SSND offset bytes */
-                       FLAC__ASSERT(offset<=LONG_MAX);
-                       if(!fskip_ahead(infile, offset)) {
-                               flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: skipping offset in SSND chunk\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename);
-                               return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
-                       }
-                       if(data_bytes!=(sample_frames*bytes_per_frame)) {
-                               flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: SSND chunk size inconsistent with sample frame count\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename);
-                               return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
+               else if(
+                       !memcmp(chunk_id, "fmt ", 4) &&
+                       (e->format!=FORMAT_WAVE64 || !memcmp(chunk_id, "fmt \xF3\xAC\xD3\x11\xD1\x8C\x00\xC0\x4F\x8E\xDB\x8A", 16))
+               ) { /* format chunk */
+                       FLAC__uint16 x;
+                       FLAC__uint32 xx, data_bytes;
+                       FLAC__uint16 wFormatTag; /* wFormatTag word from the 'fmt ' chunk */
+                       unsigned block_align;
+
+                       if(got_fmt_chunk) {
+                               flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: file has multiple 'fmt ' chunks\n", e->inbasefilename);
+                               return false;
                        }
 
-                       /* *options.common.align_reservoir_samples will be 0 unless --sector-align is used */
-                       FLAC__ASSERT(options.common.sector_align || *options.common.align_reservoir_samples == 0);
-                       total_samples_in_input = data_bytes / bytes_per_frame + *options.common.align_reservoir_samples;
-
-                       /*
-                        * now that we know the input size, canonicalize the
-                        * --until string to an absolute sample number:
+                       /* see
+                        *   http://www-mmsp.ece.mcgill.ca/Documents/AudioFormats/WAVE/WAVE.html
+                        *   http://windowssdk.msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ms713497.aspx
+                        *   http://msdn.microsoft.com/library/default.asp?url=/library/en-us/audio_r/hh/Audio_r/aud-prop_d40f094e-44f9-4baa-8a15-03e4fb369501.xml.asp
+                        *
+                        * WAVEFORMAT is
+                        * 4 byte: chunk size
+                        * 2 byte: format type: 1 for WAVE_FORMAT_PCM, 65534 for WAVE_FORMAT_EXTENSIBLE
+                        * 2 byte: # channels
+                        * 4 byte: sample rate (Hz)
+                        * 4 byte: avg bytes per sec
+                        * 2 byte: block align
+                        * 2 byte: bits per sample (not necessarily all significant)
+                        * WAVEFORMATEX adds
+                        * 2 byte: extension size in bytes (usually 0 for WAVEFORMATEX and 22 for WAVEFORMATEXTENSIBLE with PCM)
+                        * WAVEFORMATEXTENSIBLE adds
+                        * 2 byte: valid bits per sample
+                        * 4 byte: channel mask
+                        * 16 byte: subformat GUID, first 2 bytes have format type, 1 being PCM
+                        *
+                        * Current spec says WAVEFORMATEX with PCM must have bps == 8 or 16, or any multiple of 8 for WAVEFORMATEXTENSIBLE.
+                        * Lots of old broken WAVEs/apps have don't follow it, e.g. 20 bps but a block align of 3/6 for mono/stereo.
+                        *
+                        * Block align for WAVE_FORMAT_PCM or WAVE_FORMAT_EXTENSIBLE is also supposed to be channels*bps/8
+                        *
+                        * If the channel mask has more set bits than # of channels, the extra MSBs are ignored.
+                        * If the channel mask has less set bits than # of channels, the extra channels are unassigned to any speaker.
+                        *
+                        * Data is supposed to be unsigned for bps <= 8 else signed.
                         */
-                       if(!canonicalize_until_specification(&options.common.until_specification, encoder_session.inbasefilename, sample_rate, encoder_session.skip, total_samples_in_input))
-                               return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
-                       encoder_session.until = (FLAC__uint64)options.common.until_specification.value.samples;
-                       FLAC__ASSERT(!options.common.sector_align || encoder_session.until == 0);
 
-                       if(encoder_session.skip>0U) {
-                               if(!fskip_ahead(infile, encoder_session.skip*bytes_per_frame)) {
-                                       flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR during read while skipping samples\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename);
-                                       return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
+                       /* fmt chunk size */
+                       if(!read_uint32(e->fin, /*big_endian=*/false, &xx, e->inbasefilename))
+                               return false;
+                       data_bytes = xx;
+                       if(e->format == FORMAT_WAVE64) {
+                               /* other half of the size field should be 0 */
+                               if(!read_uint32(e->fin, /*big_endian=*/false, &xx, e->inbasefilename))
+                                       return false;
+                               if(xx) {
+                                       flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: freakishly large Wave64 'fmt ' chunk has length = 0x%08X%08X\n", e->inbasefilename, (unsigned)xx, (unsigned)data_bytes);
+                                       return false;
+                               }
+                               /* subtract size of header */
+                               if (data_bytes < 16+8) {
+                                       flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: freakishly small Wave64 'fmt ' chunk has length = 0x%08X%08X\n", e->inbasefilename, (unsigned)xx, (unsigned)data_bytes);
+                                       return false;
                                }
+                               data_bytes -= (16+8);
                        }
-
-                       data_bytes-= (unsigned int)encoder_session.skip*bytes_per_frame; /*@@@ WATCHOUT: 4GB limit */
-                       encoder_session.total_samples_to_encode= total_samples_in_input - encoder_session.skip;
-                       if(encoder_session.until > 0) {
-                               trim = total_samples_in_input - encoder_session.until;
-                               FLAC__ASSERT(total_samples_in_input > 0);
-                               FLAC__ASSERT(!options.common.sector_align);
-                               data_bytes-= (unsigned int)trim*bytes_per_frame;
-                               encoder_session.total_samples_to_encode-= trim;
+                       if(data_bytes < 16) {
+                               flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: non-standard 'fmt ' chunk has length = %u\n", e->inbasefilename, (unsigned)data_bytes);
+                               return false;
                        }
-                       if(options.common.sector_align) {
-                               align_remainder= (unsigned int)(encoder_session.total_samples_to_encode % 588U);
-                               if(options.common.is_last_file)
-                                       encoder_session.total_samples_to_encode+= (588U-align_remainder); /* will pad with zeroes */
-                               else
-                                       encoder_session.total_samples_to_encode-= align_remainder; /* will stop short and carry over to next file */
+                       if(e->format != FORMAT_WAVE64) {
+                               if(data_bytes & 1) /* should never happen, but enforce WAVE alignment rules */
+                                       data_bytes++;
+                       }
+                       else { /* Wave64 */
+                               data_bytes = (data_bytes+7) & (~7u); /* should never happen, but enforce Wave64 alignment rules */
                        }
 
-                       /* +54 for the size of the AIFF headers; this is just an estimate for the progress indicator and doesn't need to be exact */
-                       encoder_session.unencoded_size= encoder_session.total_samples_to_encode*bytes_per_frame+54;
-
-                       if(!EncoderSession_init_encoder(&encoder_session, options.common, /*channel_mask=*/0, channels, bps-shift, sample_rate, /*flac_decoder_data=*/0))
-                               return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
+                       /* format code */
+                       if(!read_uint16(e->fin, /*big_endian=*/false, &wFormatTag, e->inbasefilename))
+                               return false;
+                       if(wFormatTag != 1 /*WAVE_FORMAT_PCM*/ && wFormatTag != 65534 /*WAVE_FORMAT_EXTENSIBLE*/) {
+                               flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: unsupported format type %u\n", e->inbasefilename, (unsigned)wFormatTag);
+                               return false;
+                       }
 
-                       /* first do any samples in the reservoir */
-                       if(options.common.sector_align && *options.common.align_reservoir_samples>0U) {
+                       /* number of channels */
+                       if(!read_uint16(e->fin, /*big_endian=*/false, &x, e->inbasefilename))
+                               return false;
+                       channels = (unsigned)x;
 
-                               if(!EncoderSession_process(&encoder_session, (const FLAC__int32 *const *)options.common.align_reservoir, *options.common.align_reservoir_samples)) {
-                                       print_error_with_state(&encoder_session, "ERROR during encoding");
-                                       return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
-                               }
-                       }
+                       /* sample rate */
+                       if(!read_uint32(e->fin, /*big_endian=*/false, &xx, e->inbasefilename))
+                               return false;
+                       sample_rate = xx;
 
-                       /* decrement the data_bytes counter if we need to align the file */
-                       if(options.common.sector_align) {
-                               if(options.common.is_last_file)
-                                       *options.common.align_reservoir_samples= 0U;
-                               else {
-                                       *options.common.align_reservoir_samples= align_remainder;
-                                       data_bytes-= (*options.common.align_reservoir_samples)*bytes_per_frame;
-                               }
-                       }
+                       /* avg bytes per second (ignored) */
+                       if(!read_uint32(e->fin, /*big_endian=*/false, &xx, e->inbasefilename))
+                               return false;
+                       /* block align */
+                       if(!read_uint16(e->fin, /*big_endian=*/false, &x, e->inbasefilename))
+                               return false;
+                       block_align = (unsigned)x;
+                       /* bits per sample */
+                       if(!read_uint16(e->fin, /*big_endian=*/false, &x, e->inbasefilename))
+                               return false;
+                       bps = (unsigned)x;
 
-                       /* now do from the file */
-                       while(data_bytes>0) {
-                               size_t bytes_read= fread(ucbuffer_, 1U, min(data_bytes, CHUNK_OF_SAMPLES*bytes_per_frame), infile);
+                       e->info.is_unsigned_samples = (bps <= 8);
 
-                               if(bytes_read==0U) {
-                                       if(ferror(infile)) {
-                                               flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR during read\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename);
-                                               return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
+                       if(wFormatTag == 1) {
+                               if(bps != 8 && bps != 16) {
+                                       if(bps == 24 || bps == 32) {
+                                               /* let these slide with a warning since they're unambiguous */
+                                               flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: WARNING: legacy WAVE file has format type %u but bits-per-sample=%u\n", e->inbasefilename, (unsigned)wFormatTag, bps);
+                                               if(e->treat_warnings_as_errors)
+                                                       return false;
                                        }
-                                       else if(feof(infile)) {
-                                               flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: WARNING: unexpected EOF; expected %u samples, got %u samples\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename, (unsigned int)encoder_session.total_samples_to_encode, (unsigned int)encoder_session.samples_written);
-                                               data_bytes= 0;
+                                       else {
+                                               /* @@@ we could add an option to specify left- or right-justified blocks so we knew how to set 'shift' */
+                                               flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: legacy WAVE file has format type %u but bits-per-sample=%u\n", e->inbasefilename, (unsigned)wFormatTag, bps);
+                                               return false;
                                        }
                                }
-                               else {
-                                       if(bytes_read % bytes_per_frame != 0U) {
-                                               flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: got partial sample\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename);
-                                               return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
-                                       }
-                                       else {
-                                               unsigned int frames= bytes_read/bytes_per_frame;
-                                               if(!format_input(input_, frames, is_big_endian_pcm, /*is_unsigned_samples=*/false, channels, bps, shift, channel_map))
-                                                       return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
-
-                                               if(!EncoderSession_process(&encoder_session, (const FLAC__int32 *const *)input_, frames)) {
-                                                       print_error_with_state(&encoder_session, "ERROR during encoding");
-                                                       return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
-                                               }
-                                               else
-                                                       data_bytes-= bytes_read;
+#if 0 /* @@@ reinstate once we can get an answer about whether the samples are left- or right-justified */
+                               if((bps+7)/8 * channels == block_align) {
+                                       if(bps % 8) {
+                                               /* assume legacy file is byte aligned with some LSBs zero; this is double-checked in format_input() */
+                                               flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: WARNING: legacy WAVE file (format type %d) has block alignment=%u, bits-per-sample=%u, channels=%u\n", e->inbasefilename, (unsigned)wFormatTag, block_align, bps, channels);
+                                               if(e->treat_warnings_as_errors)
+                                                       return false;
+                                               shift = 8 - (bps % 8);
+                                               bps += shift;
                                        }
+                                       else
+                                               shift = 0;
                                }
-                       }
-
-                       if(trim>0) {
-                               FLAC__ASSERT(!options.common.sector_align);
-                               if(!fskip_ahead(infile, trim*bytes_per_frame)) {
-                                       flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR during read while skipping samples\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename);
-                                       return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
-                               }
-                       }
-
-                       /* now read unaligned samples into reservoir or pad with zeroes if necessary */
-                       if(options.common.sector_align) {
-                               if(options.common.is_last_file) {
-                                       unsigned int pad_frames= 588U-align_remainder;
-
-                                       if(pad_frames<588U) {
-                                               unsigned int i;
-
-                                               info_align_zero= pad_frames;
-                                               for(i= 0U; i<channels; ++i)
-                                                       memset(input_[i], 0, sizeof(input_[0][0])*pad_frames);
-
-                                               if(!EncoderSession_process(&encoder_session, (const FLAC__int32 *const *)input_, pad_frames)) {
-                                                       print_error_with_state(&encoder_session, "ERROR during encoding");
-                                                       return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
-                                               }
-                                       }
-                               }
-                               else {
-                                       if(*options.common.align_reservoir_samples > 0) {
-                                               size_t bytes_read= fread(ucbuffer_, 1U, (*options.common.align_reservoir_samples)*bytes_per_frame, infile);
-
-                                               FLAC__ASSERT(CHUNK_OF_SAMPLES>=588U);
-                                               if(bytes_read==0U && ferror(infile)) {
-                                                       flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR during read\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename);
-                                                       return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
-                                               }
-                                               else if(bytes_read != (*options.common.align_reservoir_samples) * bytes_per_frame) {
-                                                       flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: WARNING: unexpected EOF; read %u bytes; expected %u samples, got %u samples\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename, (unsigned int)bytes_read, (unsigned int)encoder_session.total_samples_to_encode, (unsigned int)encoder_session.samples_written);
-                                               }
-                                               else {
-                                                       info_align_carry= *options.common.align_reservoir_samples;
-                                                       if(!format_input(options.common.align_reservoir, *options.common.align_reservoir_samples, is_big_endian_pcm, /*is_unsigned_samples=*/false, channels, bps, shift, channel_map))
-                                                               return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
-                                               }
-                                       }
-                               }
-                       }
-
-                       if(pad==true) {
-                               unsigned char tmp;
-
-                               if(fread(&tmp, 1U, 1U, infile)<1U) {
-                                       flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR during read of SSND pad byte\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename);
-                                       return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
-                               }
-                       }
-
-                       got_ssnd_chunk= true;
-               }
-               else { /* other chunk */
-                       if(!memcmp(chunk_id, "COMM", 4)) {
-                               flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: WARNING: skipping extra 'COMM' chunk\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename);
-                       }
-                       else if(!memcmp(chunk_id, "SSND", 4)) {
-                               flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: WARNING: skipping extra 'SSND' chunk\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename);
-                       }
-                       else {
-                               flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: WARNING: skipping unknown chunk '%s'\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename, chunk_id);
-                       }
-
-                       /* chunk size */
-                       if(!read_big_endian_uint32(infile, &xx, false, encoder_session.inbasefilename))
-                               return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
-                       else {
-                               unsigned long skip= xx+(xx & 1U);
-
-                               FLAC__ASSERT(skip<=LONG_MAX);
-                               if(!fskip_ahead(infile, skip)) {
-                                       fprintf(stderr, "%s: ERROR during read while skipping unknown chunk\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename);
-                                       return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
-                               }
-                       }
-               }
-       }
-
-       if(got_ssnd_chunk==false && sample_frames!=0U) {
-               flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: missing SSND chunk\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename);
-               return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
-       }
-
-       return EncoderSession_finish_ok(&encoder_session, info_align_carry, info_align_zero);
-}
-
-int flac__encode_wav(FILE *infile, off_t infilesize, const char *infilename, const char *outfilename, const FLAC__byte *lookahead, unsigned lookahead_length, wav_encode_options_t options)
-{
-       EncoderSession encoder_session;
-       FLAC__bool is_unsigned_samples = false;
-       unsigned channels = 0, bps = 0, sample_rate = 0, shift = 0;
-       size_t bytes_per_wide_sample, bytes_read;
-       size_t channel_map[FLAC__MAX_CHANNELS];
-       FLAC__uint16 x, format; /* format is the wFormatTag word from the 'fmt ' chunk */
-       FLAC__uint32 xx, channel_mask = 0;
-       FLAC__bool got_fmt_chunk = false, got_data_chunk = false;
-       unsigned align_remainder = 0;
-       int info_align_carry = -1, info_align_zero = -1;
-
-       (void)infilesize;
-       (void)lookahead;
-       (void)lookahead_length;
-
-       if(!
-               EncoderSession_construct(
-                       &encoder_session,
-#if FLAC__HAS_OGG
-                       options.common.use_ogg,
-#else
-                       /*use_ogg=*/false,
-#endif
-                       options.common.verify,
-                       options.common.continue_through_decode_errors,
-                       infile,
-                       infilename,
-                       outfilename
-               )
-       )
-               return 1;
-
-       /* initialize default channel map that preserves channel order */
-       {
-               size_t i;
-               for(i = 0; i < sizeof(channel_map)/sizeof(channel_map[0]); i++)
-                       channel_map[i] = i;
-       }
-
-       /*
-        * lookahead[] already has "RIFFxxxxWAVE", do sub-chunks
-        */
-       while(!feof(infile)) {
-               if(!read_little_endian_uint32(infile, &xx, true, encoder_session.inbasefilename))
-                       return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
-               if(feof(infile))
-                       break;
-               if(xx == 0x20746d66 && !got_fmt_chunk) { /* "fmt " */
-                       unsigned block_align, data_bytes;
-
-                       /* see
-                        *   http://www-mmsp.ece.mcgill.ca/Documents/AudioFormats/WAVE/WAVE.html
-                        *   http://windowssdk.msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ms713497.aspx
-                        *   http://msdn.microsoft.com/library/default.asp?url=/library/en-us/audio_r/hh/Audio_r/aud-prop_d40f094e-44f9-4baa-8a15-03e4fb369501.xml.asp
-                        *
-                        * WAVEFORMAT is
-                        * 4 byte: subchunk size
-                        * 2 byte: format type: 1 for WAVE_FORMAT_PCM, 65534 for WAVE_FORMAT_EXTENSIBLE
-                        * 2 byte: # channels
-                        * 4 byte: sample rate (Hz)
-                        * 4 byte: avg bytes per sec
-                        * 2 byte: block align
-                        * 2 byte: bits per sample (not necessarily all significant)
-                        * WAVEFORMAT adds
-                        * 2 byte: extension size in bytes (usually 0 for WAVEFORMATEX and 22 for WAVEFORMATEXTENSIBLE with PCM)
-                        * WAVEFORMATEXTENSIBLE adds
-                        * 2 byte: valid bits per sample
-                        * 4 byte: channel mask
-                        * 16 byte: subformat GUID, first 2 bytes have format type, 1 being PCM
-                        *
-                        * Current spec says WAVEFORMATEX with PCM must have bps == 8 or 16, or any multiple of 8 for WAVEFORMATEXTENSIBLE.
-                        * Lots of old broken WAVEs/apps have don't follow it, e.g. 20 bps but a block align of 3/6 for mono/stereo.
-                        *
-                        * Block align for WAVE_FORMAT_PCM or WAVE_FORMAT_EXTENSIBLE is also supposed to be channels*bps/8
-                        *
-                        * If the channel mask has more set bits than # of channels, the extra MSBs are ignored.
-                        * If the channel mask has less set bits than # of channels, the extra channels are unassigned to any speaker.
-                        *
-                        * Data is supposed to be unsigned for bps <= 8 else signed.
-                        */
-
-                       /* fmt sub-chunk size */
-                       if(!read_little_endian_uint32(infile, &xx, false, encoder_session.inbasefilename))
-                               return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
-                       data_bytes = xx;
-                       if(data_bytes < 16) {
-                               flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: found non-standard 'fmt ' sub-chunk which has length = %u\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename, data_bytes);
-                               return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
-                       }
-                       /* format code */
-                       if(!read_little_endian_uint16(infile, &format, false, encoder_session.inbasefilename))
-                               return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
-                       if(format != 1 /*WAVE_FORMAT_PCM*/ && format != 65534 /*WAVE_FORMAT_EXTENSIBLE*/) {
-                               flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: unsupported format type %u\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename, (unsigned)format);
-                               return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
-                       }
-                       /* number of channels */
-                       if(!read_little_endian_uint16(infile, &x, false, encoder_session.inbasefilename))
-                               return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
-                       channels = (unsigned)x;
-                       if(channels == 0 || channels > FLAC__MAX_CHANNELS) {
-                               flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: unsupported number of channels %u\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename, channels);
-                               return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
-                       }
-                       else if(options.common.sector_align && channels != 2) {
-                               flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: file has %u channels, must be 2 for --sector-align\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename, channels);
-                               return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
-                       }
-                       /* sample rate */
-                       if(!read_little_endian_uint32(infile, &xx, false, encoder_session.inbasefilename))
-                               return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
-                       sample_rate = xx;
-                       if(!FLAC__format_sample_rate_is_valid(sample_rate)) {
-                               flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: unsupported sample rate %u\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename, sample_rate);
-                               return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
-                       }
-                       else if(options.common.sector_align && sample_rate != 44100) {
-                               flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: file's sample rate is %u, must be 44100 for --sector-align\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename, sample_rate);
-                               return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
-                       }
-                       /* avg bytes per second (ignored) */
-                       if(!read_little_endian_uint32(infile, &xx, false, encoder_session.inbasefilename))
-                               return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
-                       /* block align */
-                       if(!read_little_endian_uint16(infile, &x, false, encoder_session.inbasefilename))
-                               return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
-                       block_align = (unsigned)x;
-                       /* bits per sample */
-                       if(!read_little_endian_uint16(infile, &x, false, encoder_session.inbasefilename))
-                               return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
-                       bps = (unsigned)x;
-                       is_unsigned_samples = (bps <= 8);
-                       if(format == 1) {
-                               if(bps != 8 && bps != 16) {
-                                       if(bps == 24 || bps == 32) {
-                                               /* let these slide with a warning since they're unambiguous */
-                                               flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: WARNING: legacy WAVE file has format type %u but bits-per-sample=%u\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename, (unsigned)format, bps);
-                                       }
-                                       else {
-                                               /* @@@ we could add an option to specify left- or right-justified blocks so we knew how to set 'shift' */
-                                               flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: legacy WAVE file has format type %u but bits-per-sample=%u\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename, (unsigned)format, bps);
-                                               return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
-                                       }
-                               }
-#if 0 /* @@@ reinstate once we can get an answer about whether the samples are left- or right-justified */
-                               if((bps+7)/8 * channels == block_align) {
-                                       if(bps % 8) {
-                                               /* assume legacy file is byte aligned with some LSBs zero; this is double-checked in format_input() */
-                                               flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: WARNING: legacy WAVE file (format type %d) has block alignment=%u, bits-per-sample=%u, channels=%u\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename, (unsigned)format, block_align, bps, channels);
-                                               shift = 8 - (bps % 8);
-                                               bps += shift;
-                                       }
-                                       else
-                                               shift = 0;
-                               }
-                               else {
-                                       flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: illegal WAVE file (format type %d) has block alignment=%u, bits-per-sample=%u, channels=%u\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename, (unsigned)format, block_align, bps, channels);
-                                       return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
+                               else {
+                                       flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: illegal WAVE file (format type %d) has block alignment=%u, bits-per-sample=%u, channels=%u\n", e->inbasefilename, (unsigned)wFormatTag, block_align, bps, channels);
+                                       return false;
                                }
 #else
                                shift = 0;
 #endif
-                               if(channels > 2 && !options.common.channel_map_none) {
-                                       flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: WAVE has >2 channels but is not WAVE_FORMAT_EXTENSIBLE; cannot assign channels\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename);
-                                       return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
+                               if(channels > 2 && !options.channel_map_none) {
+                                       flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: WAVE has >2 channels but is not WAVE_FORMAT_EXTENSIBLE; cannot assign channels\n", e->inbasefilename);
+                                       return false;
                                }
                                FLAC__ASSERT(data_bytes >= 16);
                                data_bytes -= 16;
                        }
                        else {
                                if(data_bytes < 40) {
-                                       flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: invalid WAVEFORMATEXTENSIBLE chunk with size %u\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename, data_bytes);
-                                       return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
+                                       flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: invalid WAVEFORMATEXTENSIBLE chunk with size %u\n", e->inbasefilename, (unsigned)data_bytes);
+                                       return false;
                                }
                                /* cbSize */
-                               if(!read_little_endian_uint16(infile, &x, false, encoder_session.inbasefilename))
-                                       return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
+                               if(!read_uint16(e->fin, /*big_endian=*/false, &x, e->inbasefilename))
+                                       return false;
                                if(x < 22) {
-                                       flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: invalid WAVEFORMATEXTENSIBLE chunk with cbSize %u\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename, (unsigned)x);
-                                       return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
+                                       flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: invalid WAVEFORMATEXTENSIBLE chunk with cbSize %u\n", e->inbasefilename, (unsigned)x);
+                                       return false;
                                }
                                /* valid bps */
-                               if(!read_little_endian_uint16(infile, &x, false, encoder_session.inbasefilename))
-                                       return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
+                               if(!read_uint16(e->fin, /*big_endian=*/false, &x, e->inbasefilename))
+                                       return false;
                                if((unsigned)x > bps) {
-                                       flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: invalid WAVEFORMATEXTENSIBLE chunk with wValidBitsPerSample (%u) > wBitsPerSample (%u)\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename, (unsigned)x, bps);
-                                       return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
+                                       flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: invalid WAVEFORMATEXTENSIBLE chunk with wValidBitsPerSample (%u) > wBitsPerSample (%u)\n", e->inbasefilename, (unsigned)x, bps);
+                                       return false;
                                }
                                shift = bps - (unsigned)x;
                                /* channel mask */
-                               if(!read_little_endian_uint32(infile, &channel_mask, false, encoder_session.inbasefilename))
-                                       return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
+                               if(!read_uint32(e->fin, /*big_endian=*/false, &channel_mask, e->inbasefilename))
+                                       return false;
                                /* for mono/stereo and unassigned channels, we fake the mask */
                                if(channel_mask == 0) {
                                        if(channels == 1)
@@ -774,7 +454,7 @@ int flac__encode_wav(FILE *infile, off_t infilesize, const char *infilename, con
 #if 0
                                /* @@@ example for dolby/vorbis order, for reference later in case it becomes important */
                                if(
-                                       options.common.channel_map_none ||
+                                       options.channel_map_none ||
                                        channel_mask == 0x0001 || /* 1 channel: (mono) */
                                        channel_mask == 0x0003 || /* 2 channels: front left, front right */
                                        channel_mask == 0x0033 || /* 4 channels: front left, front right, back left, back right */
@@ -804,7 +484,7 @@ int flac__encode_wav(FILE *infile, off_t infilesize, const char *infilename, con
                                }
 #else
                                if(
-                                       options.common.channel_map_none ||
+                                       options.channel_map_none ||
                                        channel_mask == 0x0001 || /* 1 channel: (mono) */
                                        channel_mask == 0x0003 || /* 2 channels: front left, front right */
                                        channel_mask == 0x0007 || /* 3 channels: front left, front right, front center */
@@ -819,13 +499,13 @@ int flac__encode_wav(FILE *infile, off_t infilesize, const char *infilename, con
                                }
 #endif
                                else {
-                                       flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: WAVEFORMATEXTENSIBLE chunk with unsupported channel mask=0x%04X\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename, (unsigned)channel_mask);
-                                       return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
+                                       flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: WAVEFORMATEXTENSIBLE chunk with unsupported channel mask=0x%04X\n\nUse --channel-map=none option to store channels in current order; FLAC files\nmust also be decoded with --channel-map=none to restore correct order.\n", e->inbasefilename, (unsigned)channel_mask);
+                                       return false;
                                }
-                               if(!options.common.channel_map_none) {
+                               if(!options.channel_map_none) {
                                        if(count_channel_mask_bits(channel_mask) < channels) {
-                                               flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: WAVEFORMATEXTENSIBLE chunk: channel mask 0x%04X has unassigned channels (#channels=%u)\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename, (unsigned)channel_mask, channels);
-                                               return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
+                                               flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: WAVEFORMATEXTENSIBLE chunk: channel mask 0x%04X has unassigned channels (#channels=%u)\n", e->inbasefilename, (unsigned)channel_mask, channels);
+                                               return false;
                                        }
 #if 0
                                        /* supporting this is too difficult with channel mapping; e.g. what if mask is 0x003f but #channels=4?
@@ -836,689 +516,995 @@ int flac__encode_wav(FILE *infile, off_t infilesize, const char *infilename, con
                                                channel_mask = limit_channel_mask(channel_mask, channels);
 #else
                                        else if(count_channel_mask_bits(channel_mask) > channels) {
-                                               flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: WAVEFORMATEXTENSIBLE chunk: channel mask 0x%04X has extra bits for non-existant channels (#channels=%u)\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename, (unsigned)channel_mask, channels);
-                                               return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
+                                               flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: WAVEFORMATEXTENSIBLE chunk: channel mask 0x%04X has extra bits for non-existant channels (#channels=%u)\n", e->inbasefilename, (unsigned)channel_mask, channels);
+                                               return false;
                                        }
 #endif
                                }
                                /* first part of GUID */
-                               if(!read_little_endian_uint16(infile, &x, false, encoder_session.inbasefilename))
-                                       return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
+                               if(!read_uint16(e->fin, /*big_endian=*/false, &x, e->inbasefilename))
+                                       return false;
                                if(x != 1) {
-                                       flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: unsupported WAVEFORMATEXTENSIBLE chunk with non-PCM format %u\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename, (unsigned)x);
-                                       return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
+                                       flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: unsupported WAVEFORMATEXTENSIBLE chunk with non-PCM format %u\n", e->inbasefilename, (unsigned)x);
+                                       return false;
                                }
                                data_bytes -= 26;
                        }
 
-                       if(bps-shift < 4 || bps-shift > 24) {
-                               flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: unsupported bits-per-sample %u\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename, bps-shift);
-                               return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
-                       }
-                       else if(options.common.sector_align && bps-shift != 16) {
-                               flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: file has %u bits-per-sample, must be 16 for --sector-align\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename, bps-shift);
-                               return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
-                       }
+                       e->info.bytes_per_wide_sample = channels * (bps / 8);
 
-                       /* skip any extra data in the fmt sub-chunk */
-                       if(!fskip_ahead(infile, data_bytes)) {
-                               flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR during read while skipping extra 'fmt' data\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename);
-                               return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
+                       /* skip any extra data in the fmt chunk */
+                       if(!fskip_ahead(e->fin, data_bytes)) {
+                               flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR during read while skipping over extra 'fmt' data\n", e->inbasefilename);
+                               return false;
                        }
 
-                       /*
-                        * now that we know the sample rate, canonicalize the
-                        * --skip string to a number of samples:
-                        */
-                       flac__utils_canonicalize_skip_until_specification(&options.common.skip_specification, sample_rate);
-                       FLAC__ASSERT(options.common.skip_specification.value.samples >= 0);
-                       encoder_session.skip = (FLAC__uint64)options.common.skip_specification.value.samples;
-                       FLAC__ASSERT(!options.common.sector_align || encoder_session.skip == 0);
-
                        got_fmt_chunk = true;
                }
-               else if(xx == 0x61746164 && !got_data_chunk && got_fmt_chunk) { /* "data" */
-                       FLAC__uint64 total_samples_in_input, trim = 0;
-                       FLAC__bool pad = false;
-                       unsigned data_bytes;
+               else if(
+                       !memcmp(chunk_id, "data", 4) &&
+                       (e->format!=FORMAT_WAVE64 || !memcmp(chunk_id, "data\xF3\xAC\xD3\x11\xD1\x8C\x00\xC0\x4F\x8E\xDB\x8A", 16))
+               ) { /* data chunk */
+                       FLAC__uint32 xx;
+                       FLAC__uint64 data_bytes;
+
+                       if(!got_fmt_chunk) {
+                               flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: got 'data' chunk before 'fmt' chunk\n", e->inbasefilename);
+                               return false;
+                       }
 
                        /* data size */
-                       if(!read_little_endian_uint32(infile, &xx, false, encoder_session.inbasefilename))
-                               return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
-                       data_bytes = xx;
-                       if(0 == data_bytes) {
-                               flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: 'data' subchunk has size of 0\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename);
-                               return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
+                       if(e->format != FORMAT_WAVE64) {
+                               if(!read_uint32(e->fin, /*big_endian=*/false, &xx, e->inbasefilename))
+                                       return false;
+                               data_bytes = xx;
                        }
-                       pad = (data_bytes & 1U) ? true : false;
-
-                       bytes_per_wide_sample = channels * (bps >> 3);
-
-                       /* *options.common.align_reservoir_samples will be 0 unless --sector-align is used */
-                       FLAC__ASSERT(options.common.sector_align || *options.common.align_reservoir_samples == 0);
-                       total_samples_in_input = data_bytes / bytes_per_wide_sample + *options.common.align_reservoir_samples;
-
-                       /*
-                        * now that we know the input size, canonicalize the
-                        * --until string to an absolute sample number:
-                        */
-                       if(!canonicalize_until_specification(&options.common.until_specification, encoder_session.inbasefilename, sample_rate, encoder_session.skip, total_samples_in_input))
-                               return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
-                       encoder_session.until = (FLAC__uint64)options.common.until_specification.value.samples;
-                       FLAC__ASSERT(!options.common.sector_align || encoder_session.until == 0);
-
-                       if(encoder_session.skip > 0) {
-                               if(!fskip_ahead(infile, encoder_session.skip * bytes_per_wide_sample)) {
-                                       flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR during read while skipping samples\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename);
-                                       return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
+                       else { /* Wave64 */
+                               if(!read_uint64(e->fin, /*big_endian=*/false, &data_bytes, e->inbasefilename))
+                                       return false;
+                               /* subtract size of header */
+                               if (data_bytes < 16+8) {
+                                       flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: freakishly small Wave64 'data' chunk has length = 0x00000000%08X\n", e->inbasefilename, (unsigned)data_bytes);
+                                       return false;
                                }
+                               data_bytes -= (16+8);
                        }
-
-                       data_bytes -= (unsigned)encoder_session.skip * bytes_per_wide_sample; /*@@@ WATCHOUT: 4GB limit */
-                       encoder_session.total_samples_to_encode = total_samples_in_input - encoder_session.skip;
-                       if(encoder_session.until > 0) {
-                               trim = total_samples_in_input - encoder_session.until;
-                               FLAC__ASSERT(total_samples_in_input > 0);
-                               FLAC__ASSERT(!options.common.sector_align);
-                               data_bytes -= (unsigned int)trim * bytes_per_wide_sample;
-                               encoder_session.total_samples_to_encode -= trim;
+                       if(e->format == FORMAT_RF64) {
+                               if(!got_ds64_chunk) {
+                                       flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: RF64 file has no 'ds64' chunk before 'data' chunk\n", e->inbasefilename);
+                                       return false;
+                               }
+                               if(data_bytes == 0xffffffff)
+                                       data_bytes = ds64_data_size;
                        }
-                       if(options.common.sector_align) {
-                               align_remainder = (unsigned)(encoder_session.total_samples_to_encode % 588);
-                               if(options.common.is_last_file)
-                                       encoder_session.total_samples_to_encode += (588-align_remainder); /* will pad with zeroes */
-                               else
-                                       encoder_session.total_samples_to_encode -= align_remainder; /* will stop short and carry over to next file */
+                       if(options.ignore_chunk_sizes) {
+                               FLAC__ASSERT(!options.sector_align);
+                               if(data_bytes) {
+                                       flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: WARNING: 'data' chunk has non-zero size, using --ignore-chunk-sizes is probably a bad idea\n", e->inbasefilename, chunk_id);
+                                       if(e->treat_warnings_as_errors)
+                                               return false;
+                               }
+                               data_bytes = (FLAC__uint64)0 - (FLAC__uint64)e->info.bytes_per_wide_sample; /* max out data_bytes; we'll use EOF as signal to stop reading */
+                       }
+                       else if(0 == data_bytes) {
+                               flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: 'data' chunk has size of 0\n", e->inbasefilename);
+                               return false;
                        }
 
-                       /* +44 for the size of the WAV headers; this is just an estimate for the progress indicator and doesn't need to be exact */
-                       encoder_session.unencoded_size = encoder_session.total_samples_to_encode * bytes_per_wide_sample + 44;
-
-                       if(!EncoderSession_init_encoder(&encoder_session, options.common, channel_mask, channels, bps-shift, sample_rate, /*flac_decoder_data=*/0))
-                               return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
+                       e->fmt.iff.data_bytes = data_bytes;
 
-                       /*
-                        * first do any samples in the reservoir
-                        */
-                       if(options.common.sector_align && *options.common.align_reservoir_samples > 0) {
-                               if(!EncoderSession_process(&encoder_session, (const FLAC__int32 * const *)options.common.align_reservoir, *options.common.align_reservoir_samples)) {
-                                       print_error_with_state(&encoder_session, "ERROR during encoding");
-                                       return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
-                               }
+                       got_data_chunk = true;
+                       break;
+               }
+               else {
+                       FLAC__uint32 xx;
+                       FLAC__uint64 skip;
+                       if(!options.format_options.iff.foreign_metadata) {
+                               if(e->format != FORMAT_WAVE64)
+                                       flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: WARNING: skipping unknown chunk '%s' (use --keep-foreign-metadata to keep)\n", e->inbasefilename, chunk_id);
+                               else
+                                       flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: WARNING: skipping unknown chunk %02X%02X%02X%02X-%02X%02X-%02X%02X-%02X%02X-%02X%02X%02X%02X%02X%02X (use --keep-foreign-metadata to keep)\n",
+                                               e->inbasefilename,
+                                               (unsigned)((const unsigned char *)chunk_id)[3],
+                                               (unsigned)((const unsigned char *)chunk_id)[2],
+                                               (unsigned)((const unsigned char *)chunk_id)[1],
+                                               (unsigned)((const unsigned char *)chunk_id)[0],
+                                               (unsigned)((const unsigned char *)chunk_id)[5],
+                                               (unsigned)((const unsigned char *)chunk_id)[4],
+                                               (unsigned)((const unsigned char *)chunk_id)[7],
+                                               (unsigned)((const unsigned char *)chunk_id)[6],
+                                               (unsigned)((const unsigned char *)chunk_id)[9],
+                                               (unsigned)((const unsigned char *)chunk_id)[8],
+                                               (unsigned)((const unsigned char *)chunk_id)[10],
+                                               (unsigned)((const unsigned char *)chunk_id)[11],
+                                               (unsigned)((const unsigned char *)chunk_id)[12],
+                                               (unsigned)((const unsigned char *)chunk_id)[13],
+                                               (unsigned)((const unsigned char *)chunk_id)[14],
+                                               (unsigned)((const unsigned char *)chunk_id)[15]
+                                       );
+                               if(e->treat_warnings_as_errors)
+                                       return false;
                        }
 
-                       /*
-                        * decrement the data_bytes counter if we need to align the file
-                        */
-                       if(options.common.sector_align) {
-                               if(options.common.is_last_file) {
-                                       *options.common.align_reservoir_samples = 0;
-                               }
-                               else {
-                                       *options.common.align_reservoir_samples = align_remainder;
-                                       data_bytes -= (*options.common.align_reservoir_samples) * bytes_per_wide_sample;
-                               }
+                       /* chunk size */
+                       if(e->format != FORMAT_WAVE64) {
+                               if(!read_uint32(e->fin, /*big_endian=*/false, &xx, e->inbasefilename))
+                                       return false;
+                               skip = xx;
+                               skip += skip & 1;
                        }
-
-                       /*
-                        * now do from the file
-                        */
-                       while(data_bytes > 0) {
-                               bytes_read = fread(ucbuffer_, sizeof(unsigned char), min(data_bytes, CHUNK_OF_SAMPLES * bytes_per_wide_sample), infile);
-                               if(bytes_read == 0) {
-                                       if(ferror(infile)) {
-                                               flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR during read\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename);
-                                               return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
-                                       }
-                                       else if(feof(infile)) {
-                                               flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: WARNING: unexpected EOF; expected %u samples, got %u samples\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename, (unsigned)encoder_session.total_samples_to_encode, (unsigned)encoder_session.samples_written);
-                                               data_bytes = 0;
-                                       }
-                               }
-                               else {
-                                       if(bytes_read % bytes_per_wide_sample != 0) {
-                                               flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: got partial sample\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename);
-                                               return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
-                                       }
-                                       else {
-                                               unsigned wide_samples = bytes_read / bytes_per_wide_sample;
-                                               if(!format_input(input_, wide_samples, /*is_big_endian=*/false, is_unsigned_samples, channels, bps, shift, channel_map))
-                                                       return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
-
-                                               if(!EncoderSession_process(&encoder_session, (const FLAC__int32 * const *)input_, wide_samples)) {
-                                                       print_error_with_state(&encoder_session, "ERROR during encoding");
-                                                       return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
-                                               }
-                                               data_bytes -= bytes_read;
-                                       }
+                       else { /* Wave64 */
+                               if(!read_uint64(e->fin, /*big_endian=*/false, &skip, e->inbasefilename))
+                                       return false;
+                               skip = (skip+7) & (~(FLAC__uint64)7);
+                               /* subtract size of header */
+                               if (skip < 16+8) {
+                                       flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: freakishly small Wave64 chunk has length = 0x00000000%08X\n", e->inbasefilename, (unsigned)skip);
+                                       return false;
                                }
+                               skip -= (16+8);
                        }
-
-                       if(trim > 0) {
-                               FLAC__ASSERT(!options.common.sector_align);
-                               if(!fskip_ahead(infile, trim * bytes_per_wide_sample)) {
-                                       flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR during read while skipping samples\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename);
-                                       return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
+                       if(skip) {
+                               if(!fskip_ahead(e->fin, skip)) {
+                                       flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR during read while skipping over chunk\n", e->inbasefilename);
+                                       return false;
                                }
                        }
+               }
+       }
 
-                       /*
-                        * now read unaligned samples into reservoir or pad with zeroes if necessary
-                        */
-                       if(options.common.sector_align) {
-                               if(options.common.is_last_file) {
-                                       unsigned wide_samples = 588 - align_remainder;
-                                       if(wide_samples < 588) {
-                                               unsigned channel;
-
-                                               info_align_zero = wide_samples;
-                                               for(channel = 0; channel < channels; channel++)
-                                                       memset(input_[channel], 0, sizeof(input_[0][0]) * wide_samples);
-
-                                               if(!EncoderSession_process(&encoder_session, (const FLAC__int32 * const *)input_, wide_samples)) {
-                                                       print_error_with_state(&encoder_session, "ERROR during encoding");
-                                                       return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
-                                               }
-                                       }
-                               }
+       if(!got_fmt_chunk) {
+               flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: didn't find fmt chunk\n", e->inbasefilename);
+               return false;
+       }
+       if(!got_data_chunk) {
+               flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: didn't find data chunk\n", e->inbasefilename);
+               return false;
+       }
+
+       e->info.sample_rate = sample_rate;
+       e->info.channels = channels;
+       e->info.bits_per_sample = bps;
+       e->info.shift = shift;
+       e->info.channel_mask = channel_mask;
+
+       return true;
+}
+
+static FLAC__bool get_sample_info_aiff(EncoderSession *e, encode_options_t options)
+{
+       FLAC__bool got_comm_chunk = false, got_ssnd_chunk = false;
+       unsigned sample_rate = 0, channels = 0, bps = 0, shift = 0;
+       FLAC__uint64 sample_frames = 0;
+       FLAC__uint32 channel_mask = 0;
+
+       e->info.is_unsigned_samples = false;
+       e->info.is_big_endian = true;
+
+       /*
+        * lookahead[] already has "FORMxxxxAIFF", do chunks
+        */
+       while(!feof(e->fin) && !got_ssnd_chunk) {
+               char chunk_id[5] = { '\0', '\0', '\0', '\0', '\0' }; /* one extra byte for terminating NUL so we can also treat it like a C string */
+               if(!read_bytes(e->fin, (FLAC__byte*)chunk_id, 4, /*eof_ok=*/true, e->inbasefilename)) {
+                       flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: incomplete chunk identifier\n", e->inbasefilename);
+                       return false;
+               }
+               if(feof(e->fin))
+                       break;
+
+               if(!memcmp(chunk_id, "COMM", 4)) { /* common chunk */
+                       FLAC__uint16 x;
+                       FLAC__uint32 xx;
+                       unsigned long skip;
+                       const FLAC__bool is_aifc = e->format == FORMAT_AIFF_C;
+                       const FLAC__uint32 minimum_comm_size = (is_aifc? 22 : 18);
+
+                       if(got_comm_chunk) {
+                               flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: file has multiple 'COMM' chunks\n", e->inbasefilename);
+                               return false;
+                       }
+
+                       /* COMM chunk size */
+                       if(!read_uint32(e->fin, /*big_endian=*/true, &xx, e->inbasefilename))
+                               return false;
+                       else if(xx < minimum_comm_size) {
+                               flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: non-standard %s 'COMM' chunk has length = %u\n", e->inbasefilename, is_aifc? "AIFF-C" : "AIFF", (unsigned int)xx);
+                               return false;
+                       }
+                       else if(!is_aifc && xx != minimum_comm_size) {
+                               flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: WARNING: non-standard %s 'COMM' chunk has length = %u, expected %u\n", e->inbasefilename, is_aifc? "AIFF-C" : "AIFF", (unsigned int)xx, minimum_comm_size);
+                               if(e->treat_warnings_as_errors)
+                                       return false;
+                       }
+                       skip = (xx-minimum_comm_size)+(xx & 1);
+
+                       /* number of channels */
+                       if(!read_uint16(e->fin, /*big_endian=*/true, &x, e->inbasefilename))
+                               return false;
+                       channels = (unsigned)x;
+                       if(channels > 2 && !options.channel_map_none) {
+                               flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: unsupported number of channels %u for AIFF\n", e->inbasefilename, channels);
+                               return false;
+                       }
+
+                       /* number of sample frames */
+                       if(!read_uint32(e->fin, /*big_endian=*/true, &xx, e->inbasefilename))
+                               return false;
+                       sample_frames = xx;
+
+                       /* bits per sample */
+                       if(!read_uint16(e->fin, /*big_endian=*/true, &x, e->inbasefilename))
+                               return false;
+                       bps = (unsigned)x;
+                       shift = (bps%8)? 8-(bps%8) : 0; /* SSND data is always byte-aligned, left-justified but format_input() will double-check */
+                       bps += shift;
+
+                       /* sample rate */
+                       if(!read_sane_extended(e->fin, &xx, e->inbasefilename))
+                               return false;
+                       sample_rate = xx;
+
+                       /* check compression type for AIFF-C */
+                       if(is_aifc) {
+                               if(!read_uint32(e->fin, /*big_endian=*/true, &xx, e->inbasefilename))
+                                       return false;
+                               if(xx == 0x736F7774) /* "sowt" */
+                                       e->info.is_big_endian = false;
+                               else if(xx == 0x4E4F4E45) /* "NONE" */
+                                       ; /* nothing to do, we already default to big-endian */
                                else {
-                                       if(*options.common.align_reservoir_samples > 0) {
-                                               FLAC__ASSERT(CHUNK_OF_SAMPLES >= 588);
-                                               bytes_read = fread(ucbuffer_, sizeof(unsigned char), (*options.common.align_reservoir_samples) * bytes_per_wide_sample, infile);
-                                               if(bytes_read == 0 && ferror(infile)) {
-                                                       flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR during read\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename);
-                                                       return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
-                                               }
-                                               else if(bytes_read != (*options.common.align_reservoir_samples) * bytes_per_wide_sample) {
-                                                       flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: WARNING: unexpected EOF; read %u bytes; expected %u samples, got %u samples\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename, (unsigned)bytes_read, (unsigned)encoder_session.total_samples_to_encode, (unsigned)encoder_session.samples_written);
-                                               }
-                                               else {
-                                                       info_align_carry = *options.common.align_reservoir_samples;
-                                                       if(!format_input(options.common.align_reservoir, *options.common.align_reservoir_samples, /*is_big_endian=*/false, is_unsigned_samples, channels, bps, shift, channel_map))
-                                                               return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
-                                               }
-                                       }
+                                       flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: can't handle AIFF-C compression type \"%c%c%c%c\"\n", e->inbasefilename, (char)(xx>>24), (char)((xx>>16)&8), (char)((xx>>8)&8), (char)(xx&8));
+                                       return false;
                                }
                        }
 
-                       if(pad == true) {
-                               unsigned char tmp;
+                       /* set channel mapping */
+                       /* FLAC order follows SMPTE and WAVEFORMATEXTENSIBLE but with fewer channels, which are: */
+                       /* front left, front right, center, LFE, back left, back right, surround left, surround right */
+                       /* specs say the channel ordering is:
+                        *                             1     2   3   4   5   6
+                        * ___________________________________________________
+                        * 2         stereo            l     r
+                        * 3                           l     r   c
+                        * 4                           l     c   r   S
+                        * quad (ambiguous with 4ch)  Fl    Fr   Bl  Br
+                        * 5                          Fl     Fr  Fc  Sl  Sr
+                        * 6                           l     lc  c   r   rc  S
+                        * l:left r:right c:center Fl:front-left Fr:front-right Bl:back-left Br:back-right Lc:left-center Rc:right-center S:surround
+                        * so we only have unambiguous mappings for 2, 3, and 5 channels
+                        */
+                       if(
+                               options.channel_map_none ||
+                               channels == 1 || /* 1 channel: (mono) */
+                               channels == 2 || /* 2 channels: left, right */
+                               channels == 3 || /* 3 channels: left, right, center */
+                               channels == 5    /* 5 channels: front left, front right, center, surround left, surround right */
+                       ) {
+                               /* keep default channel order */
+                       }
+                       else {
+                               flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: unsupported number of channels %u for AIFF\n", e->inbasefilename, channels);
+                               return false;
+                       }
 
-                               if(fread(&tmp, 1U, 1U, infile) < 1U) {
-                                       flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR during read of data pad byte\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename);
-                                       return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
-                               }
+                       e->info.bytes_per_wide_sample = channels * (bps / 8);
+
+                       /* skip any extra data in the COMM chunk */
+                       if(!fskip_ahead(e->fin, skip)) {
+                               flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR during read while skipping over extra COMM data\n", e->inbasefilename);
+                               return false;
                        }
 
-                       got_data_chunk = true;
+                       got_comm_chunk = true;
                }
-               else {
-                       if(xx == 0x20746d66 && got_fmt_chunk) { /* "fmt " */
-                               flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: WARNING: skipping extra 'fmt ' sub-chunk\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename);
+               else if(!memcmp(chunk_id, "SSND", 4) && !got_ssnd_chunk) { /* sound data chunk */
+                       FLAC__uint32 xx;
+                       FLAC__uint64 data_bytes;
+                       unsigned offset = 0;
+
+                       if(!got_comm_chunk) {
+                               flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: got 'SSND' chunk before 'COMM' chunk\n", e->inbasefilename);
+                               return false;
                        }
-                       else if(xx == 0x61746164) { /* "data" */
-                               if(got_data_chunk) {
-                                       flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: WARNING: skipping extra 'data' sub-chunk\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename);
-                               }
-                               else if(!got_fmt_chunk) {
-                                       flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: got 'data' sub-chunk before 'fmt' sub-chunk\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename);
-                                       return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
-                               }
-                               else {
-                                       FLAC__ASSERT(0);
+
+                       /* SSND chunk size */
+                       if(!read_uint32(e->fin, /*big_endian=*/true, &xx, e->inbasefilename))
+                               return false;
+                       data_bytes = xx;
+                       if(options.ignore_chunk_sizes) {
+                               FLAC__ASSERT(!options.sector_align);
+                               if(data_bytes) {
+                                       flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: WARNING: 'SSND' chunk has non-zero size, using --ignore-chunk-sizes is probably a bad idea\n", e->inbasefilename, chunk_id);
+                                       if(e->treat_warnings_as_errors)
+                                               return false;
                                }
+                               data_bytes = (FLAC__uint64)0 - (FLAC__uint64)e->info.bytes_per_wide_sample; /* max out data_bytes; we'll use EOF as signal to stop reading */
+                       }
+                       else if(data_bytes <= 8) {
+                               flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: 'SSND' chunk has size <= 8\n", e->inbasefilename);
+                               return false;
                        }
                        else {
-                               flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: WARNING: skipping unknown sub-chunk '%c%c%c%c'\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename, (char)(xx&255), (char)((xx>>8)&255), (char)((xx>>16)&255), (char)(xx>>24));
+                               data_bytes -= 8; /* discount the offset and block size fields */
                        }
-                       /* sub-chunk size */
-                       if(!read_little_endian_uint32(infile, &xx, false, encoder_session.inbasefilename))
-                               return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
+
+                       /* offset */
+                       if(!read_uint32(e->fin, /*big_endian=*/true, &xx, e->inbasefilename))
+                               return false;
+                       offset = xx;
+                       data_bytes -= offset;
+
+                       /* block size */
+                       if(!read_uint32(e->fin, /*big_endian=*/true, &xx, e->inbasefilename))
+                               return false;
+                       if(xx && !options.ignore_chunk_sizes)
+                               data_bytes -= (xx - (data_bytes % xx));
+                       if(options.ignore_chunk_sizes) {
+                               if(xx) {
+                                       flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: WARNING: 'SSND' chunk has non-zero blocksize, using --ignore-chunk-sizes is probably a bad idea\n", e->inbasefilename, chunk_id);
+                                       if(e->treat_warnings_as_errors)
+                                               return false;
+                               }
+                       }
+
+                       /* skip any SSND offset bytes */
+                       if(!fskip_ahead(e->fin, offset)) {
+                               flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: skipping offset in SSND chunk\n", e->inbasefilename);
+                               return false;
+                       }
+
+                       e->fmt.iff.data_bytes = data_bytes;
+
+                       got_ssnd_chunk = true;
+               }
+               else {
+                       FLAC__uint32 xx;
+                       if(!options.format_options.iff.foreign_metadata) {
+                               flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: WARNING: skipping unknown chunk '%s' (use --keep-foreign-metadata to keep)\n", e->inbasefilename, chunk_id);
+                               if(e->treat_warnings_as_errors)
+                                       return false;
+                       }
+
+                       /* chunk size */
+                       if(!read_uint32(e->fin, /*big_endian=*/true, &xx, e->inbasefilename))
+                               return false;
                        else {
-                               unsigned long skip = xx+(xx & 1U);
+                               unsigned long skip = xx + (xx & 1);
 
-                               FLAC__ASSERT(skip<=LONG_MAX);
-                               if(!fskip_ahead(infile, skip)) {
-                                       flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR during read while skipping unsupported sub-chunk\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename);
-                                       return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
+                               FLAC__ASSERT(skip <= LONG_MAX);
+                               if(!fskip_ahead(e->fin, skip)) {
+                                       flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR during read while skipping over chunk\n", e->inbasefilename);
+                                       return false;
                                }
                        }
                }
        }
 
-       return EncoderSession_finish_ok(&encoder_session, info_align_carry, info_align_zero);
+       if(!got_comm_chunk) {
+               flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: didn't find COMM chunk\n", e->inbasefilename);
+               return false;
+       }
+       if(!got_ssnd_chunk && sample_frames) {
+               flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: didn't find SSND chunk\n", e->inbasefilename);
+               return false;
+       }
+
+       e->info.sample_rate = sample_rate;
+       e->info.channels = channels;
+       e->info.bits_per_sample = bps;
+       e->info.shift = shift;
+       e->info.channel_mask = channel_mask;
+
+       return true;
 }
 
-int flac__encode_raw(FILE *infile, off_t infilesize, const char *infilename, const char *outfilename, const FLAC__byte *lookahead, unsigned lookahead_length, raw_encode_options_t options)
+static FLAC__bool get_sample_info_flac(EncoderSession *e)
+{
+       if (!(
+               FLAC__stream_decoder_set_md5_checking(e->fmt.flac.decoder, false) &&
+               FLAC__stream_decoder_set_metadata_respond_all(e->fmt.flac.decoder)
+       )) {
+               flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: setting up decoder for FLAC input\n", e->inbasefilename);
+               return false;
+       }
+
+       if (e->format == FORMAT_OGGFLAC) {
+               if (FLAC__stream_decoder_init_ogg_stream(e->fmt.flac.decoder, flac_decoder_read_callback, flac_decoder_seek_callback, flac_decoder_tell_callback, flac_decoder_length_callback, flac_decoder_eof_callback, flac_decoder_write_callback, flac_decoder_metadata_callback, flac_decoder_error_callback, /*client_data=*/e) != FLAC__STREAM_DECODER_INIT_STATUS_OK) {
+                       flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: initializing decoder for Ogg FLAC input, state = %s\n", e->inbasefilename, FLAC__stream_decoder_get_resolved_state_string(e->fmt.flac.decoder));
+                       return false;
+               }
+       }
+       else if (FLAC__stream_decoder_init_stream(e->fmt.flac.decoder, flac_decoder_read_callback, flac_decoder_seek_callback, flac_decoder_tell_callback, flac_decoder_length_callback, flac_decoder_eof_callback, flac_decoder_write_callback, flac_decoder_metadata_callback, flac_decoder_error_callback, /*client_data=*/e) != FLAC__STREAM_DECODER_INIT_STATUS_OK) {
+               flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: initializing decoder for FLAC input, state = %s\n", e->inbasefilename, FLAC__stream_decoder_get_resolved_state_string(e->fmt.flac.decoder));
+               return false;
+       }
+
+       if (!FLAC__stream_decoder_process_until_end_of_metadata(e->fmt.flac.decoder) || e->fmt.flac.client_data.fatal_error) {
+               if (e->fmt.flac.client_data.fatal_error)
+                       flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: out of memory or too many metadata blocks while reading metadata in FLAC input\n", e->inbasefilename);
+               else
+                       flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: reading metadata in FLAC input, state = %s\n", e->inbasefilename, FLAC__stream_decoder_get_resolved_state_string(e->fmt.flac.decoder));
+               return false;
+       }
+
+       if (e->fmt.flac.client_data.num_metadata_blocks == 0) {
+               flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: reading metadata in FLAC input, got no metadata blocks\n", e->inbasefilename);
+               return false;
+       }
+       else if (e->fmt.flac.client_data.metadata_blocks[0]->type != FLAC__METADATA_TYPE_STREAMINFO) {
+               flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: reading metadata in FLAC input, first metadata block is not STREAMINFO\n", e->inbasefilename);
+               return false;
+       }
+       else if (e->fmt.flac.client_data.metadata_blocks[0]->data.stream_info.total_samples == 0) {
+               flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: FLAC input has STREAMINFO with unknown total samples which is not supported\n", e->inbasefilename);
+               return false;
+       }
+
+       e->info.sample_rate = e->fmt.flac.client_data.metadata_blocks[0]->data.stream_info.sample_rate;
+       e->info.channels = e->fmt.flac.client_data.metadata_blocks[0]->data.stream_info.channels;
+       e->info.bits_per_sample = e->fmt.flac.client_data.metadata_blocks[0]->data.stream_info.bits_per_sample;
+       e->info.shift = 0;
+       e->info.bytes_per_wide_sample = 0;
+       e->info.is_unsigned_samples = false; /* not applicable for FLAC input */
+       e->info.is_big_endian = false; /* not applicable for FLAC input */
+       e->info.channel_mask = 0;
+
+       return true;
+}
+
+/*
+ * public routines
+ */
+int flac__encode_file(FILE *infile, off_t infilesize, const char *infilename, const char *outfilename, const FLAC__byte *lookahead, unsigned lookahead_length, encode_options_t options)
 {
        EncoderSession encoder_session;
-       size_t bytes_read;
-       const size_t bytes_per_wide_sample = options.channels * (options.bps >> 3);
-       unsigned align_remainder = 0;
+       size_t channel_map[FLAC__MAX_CHANNELS];
        int info_align_carry = -1, info_align_zero = -1;
-       FLAC__uint64 total_samples_in_input = 0;
-
-       FLAC__ASSERT(!options.common.sector_align || options.channels == 2);
-       FLAC__ASSERT(!options.common.sector_align || options.bps == 16);
-       FLAC__ASSERT(!options.common.sector_align || options.sample_rate == 44100);
-       FLAC__ASSERT(!options.common.sector_align || infilesize >= 0);
-       FLAC__ASSERT(!options.common.replay_gain || options.channels <= 2);
-       FLAC__ASSERT(!options.common.replay_gain || grabbag__replaygain_is_valid_sample_frequency(options.sample_rate));
-
-       if(!
-               EncoderSession_construct(
-                       &encoder_session,
-#if FLAC__HAS_OGG
-                       options.common.use_ogg,
-#else
-                       /*use_ogg=*/false,
-#endif
-                       options.common.verify,
-                       options.common.continue_through_decode_errors,
-                       infile,
-                       infilename,
-                       outfilename
-               )
-       )
-               return 1;
 
-       /*
-        * now that we know the sample rate, canonicalize the
-        * --skip string to a number of samples:
-        */
-       flac__utils_canonicalize_skip_until_specification(&options.common.skip_specification, options.sample_rate);
-       FLAC__ASSERT(options.common.skip_specification.value.samples >= 0);
-       encoder_session.skip = (FLAC__uint64)options.common.skip_specification.value.samples;
-       FLAC__ASSERT(!options.common.sector_align || encoder_session.skip == 0);
+       if(!EncoderSession_construct(&encoder_session, options, infilesize, infile, infilename, outfilename, lookahead, lookahead_length))
+               return 1;
 
-       if(infilesize < 0)
-               total_samples_in_input = 0;
-       else {
-               /* *options.common.align_reservoir_samples will be 0 unless --sector-align is used */
-               FLAC__ASSERT(options.common.sector_align || *options.common.align_reservoir_samples == 0);
-               total_samples_in_input = (FLAC__uint64)infilesize / bytes_per_wide_sample + *options.common.align_reservoir_samples;
+       /* initialize default channel map that preserves channel order */
+       {
+               size_t i;
+               for(i = 0; i < sizeof(channel_map)/sizeof(channel_map[0]); i++)
+                       channel_map[i] = i;
        }
 
-       /*
-        * now that we know the input size, canonicalize the
-        * --until strings to a number of samples:
-        */
-       if(!canonicalize_until_specification(&options.common.until_specification, encoder_session.inbasefilename, options.sample_rate, encoder_session.skip, total_samples_in_input))
-               return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
-       encoder_session.until = (FLAC__uint64)options.common.until_specification.value.samples;
-       FLAC__ASSERT(!options.common.sector_align || encoder_session.until == 0);
-
-       infilesize -= (off_t)encoder_session.skip * bytes_per_wide_sample;
-       encoder_session.total_samples_to_encode = total_samples_in_input - encoder_session.skip;
-       if(encoder_session.until > 0) {
-               const FLAC__uint64 trim = total_samples_in_input - encoder_session.until;
-               FLAC__ASSERT(total_samples_in_input > 0);
-               FLAC__ASSERT(!options.common.sector_align);
-               infilesize -= (off_t)trim * bytes_per_wide_sample;
-               encoder_session.total_samples_to_encode -= trim;
-       }
-       if(infilesize >= 0 && options.common.sector_align) {
-               FLAC__ASSERT(encoder_session.skip == 0);
-               align_remainder = (unsigned)(encoder_session.total_samples_to_encode % 588);
-               if(options.common.is_last_file)
-                       encoder_session.total_samples_to_encode += (588-align_remainder); /* will pad with zeroes */
-               else
-                       encoder_session.total_samples_to_encode -= align_remainder; /* will stop short and carry over to next file */
+       /* read foreign metadata if requested */
+       if(EncoderSession_format_is_iff(&encoder_session) && options.format_options.iff.foreign_metadata) {
+               const char *error;
+               if(!(
+                       options.format == FORMAT_WAVE || options.format == FORMAT_RF64?
+                               flac__foreign_metadata_read_from_wave(options.format_options.iff.foreign_metadata, infilename, &error) :
+                       options.format == FORMAT_WAVE64?
+                               flac__foreign_metadata_read_from_wave64(options.format_options.iff.foreign_metadata, infilename, &error) :
+                               flac__foreign_metadata_read_from_aiff(options.format_options.iff.foreign_metadata, infilename, &error)
+               )) {
+                       flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR reading foreign metadata: %s\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename, error);
+                       return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
+               }
        }
-       encoder_session.unencoded_size = encoder_session.total_samples_to_encode * bytes_per_wide_sample;
 
-       if(encoder_session.total_samples_to_encode <= 0)
-               flac__utils_printf(stderr, 2, "(No runtime statistics possible; please wait for encoding to finish...)\n");
-
-       if(encoder_session.skip > 0) {
-               unsigned skip_bytes = bytes_per_wide_sample * (unsigned)encoder_session.skip;
-               if(skip_bytes > lookahead_length) {
-                       skip_bytes -= lookahead_length;
-                       lookahead_length = 0;
-                       if(!fskip_ahead(infile, skip_bytes)) {
-                               flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR during read while skipping samples\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename);
+       /* initialize encoder session with info about the audio (channels/bps/resolution/endianness/etc) */
+       switch(options.format) {
+               case FORMAT_RAW:
+                       if(!get_sample_info_raw(&encoder_session, options))
+                               return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
+                       break;
+               case FORMAT_WAVE:
+               case FORMAT_WAVE64:
+               case FORMAT_RF64:
+                       if(!get_sample_info_wave(&encoder_session, options))
+                               return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
+                       break;
+               case FORMAT_AIFF:
+               case FORMAT_AIFF_C:
+                       if(!get_sample_info_aiff(&encoder_session, options))
+                               return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
+                       break;
+               case FORMAT_FLAC:
+               case FORMAT_OGGFLAC:
+                       /*
+                        * set up FLAC decoder for the input
+                        */
+                       if (0 == (encoder_session.fmt.flac.decoder = FLAC__stream_decoder_new())) {
+                               flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: creating decoder for FLAC input\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename);
                                return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
                        }
-               }
-               else {
-                       lookahead += skip_bytes;
-                       lookahead_length -= skip_bytes;
-               }
+                       if(!get_sample_info_flac(&encoder_session))
+                               return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
+                       break;
+               default:
+                       FLAC__ASSERT(0);
+                       /* double protection */
+                       return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
        }
 
-       if(!EncoderSession_init_encoder(&encoder_session, options.common, /*channel_mask=*/0, options.channels, options.bps, options.sample_rate, /*flac_decoder_data=*/0))
+       /* some more checks */
+       if(encoder_session.info.channels == 0 || encoder_session.info.channels > FLAC__MAX_CHANNELS) {
+               flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: unsupported number of channels %u\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename, encoder_session.info.channels);
                return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
-
-       /*
-        * first do any samples in the reservoir
-        */
-       if(options.common.sector_align && *options.common.align_reservoir_samples > 0) {
-               if(!EncoderSession_process(&encoder_session, (const FLAC__int32 * const *)options.common.align_reservoir, *options.common.align_reservoir_samples)) {
-                       print_error_with_state(&encoder_session, "ERROR during encoding");
+       }
+       if(!FLAC__format_sample_rate_is_valid(encoder_session.info.sample_rate)) {
+               flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: unsupported sample rate %u\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename, encoder_session.info.sample_rate);
+               return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
+       }
+       if(encoder_session.info.bits_per_sample-encoder_session.info.shift < 4 || encoder_session.info.bits_per_sample-encoder_session.info.shift > 24) {
+               flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: unsupported bits-per-sample %u\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename, encoder_session.info.bits_per_sample-encoder_session.info.shift);
+               return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
+       }
+       if(options.sector_align) {
+               if(encoder_session.info.channels != 2) {
+                       flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: file has %u channels, must be 2 for --sector-align\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename, encoder_session.info.channels);
                        return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
                }
-       }
-
-       /*
-        * decrement infilesize if we need to align the file
-        */
-       if(options.common.sector_align) {
-               FLAC__ASSERT(infilesize >= 0);
-               if(options.common.is_last_file) {
-                       *options.common.align_reservoir_samples = 0;
+               if(encoder_session.info.sample_rate != 44100) {
+                       flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: file's sample rate is %u, must be 44100 for --sector-align\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename, encoder_session.info.sample_rate);
+                       return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
                }
-               else {
-                       *options.common.align_reservoir_samples = align_remainder;
-                       infilesize -= (off_t)((*options.common.align_reservoir_samples) * bytes_per_wide_sample);
-                       FLAC__ASSERT(infilesize >= 0);
+               if(encoder_session.info.bits_per_sample-encoder_session.info.shift != 16) {
+                       flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: file has %u bits-per-sample, must be 16 for --sector-align\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename, encoder_session.info.bits_per_sample-encoder_session.info.shift);
+                       return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
                }
        }
 
-       /*
-        * now do from the file
-        */
-       if(infilesize < 0) {
-               while(!feof(infile)) {
-                       if(lookahead_length > 0) {
-                               FLAC__ASSERT(lookahead_length < CHUNK_OF_SAMPLES * bytes_per_wide_sample);
-                               memcpy(ucbuffer_, lookahead, lookahead_length);
-                               bytes_read = fread(ucbuffer_+lookahead_length, sizeof(unsigned char), CHUNK_OF_SAMPLES * bytes_per_wide_sample - lookahead_length, infile) + lookahead_length;
-                               if(ferror(infile)) {
-                                       flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR during read\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename);
-                                       return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
-                               }
-                               lookahead_length = 0;
-                       }
-                       else
-                               bytes_read = fread(ucbuffer_, sizeof(unsigned char), CHUNK_OF_SAMPLES * bytes_per_wide_sample, infile);
-
-                       if(bytes_read == 0) {
-                               if(ferror(infile)) {
-                                       flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR during read\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename);
-                                       return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
-                               }
-                       }
-                       else if(bytes_read % bytes_per_wide_sample != 0) {
-                               flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: got partial sample\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename);
+       {
+               FLAC__uint64 total_samples_in_input; /* WATCHOUT: may be 0 to mean "unknown" */
+               FLAC__uint64 skip;
+               FLAC__uint64 until; /* a value of 0 mean end-of-stream (i.e. --until=-0) */
+               unsigned align_remainder = 0;
+
+               switch(options.format) {
+                       case FORMAT_RAW:
+                               if(infilesize < 0)
+                                       total_samples_in_input = 0;
+                               else
+                                       total_samples_in_input = (FLAC__uint64)infilesize / encoder_session.info.bytes_per_wide_sample + *options.align_reservoir_samples;
+                               break;
+                       case FORMAT_WAVE:
+                       case FORMAT_WAVE64:
+                       case FORMAT_RF64:
+                       case FORMAT_AIFF:
+                       case FORMAT_AIFF_C:
+                               /* truncation in the division removes any padding byte that was counted in encoder_session.fmt.iff.data_bytes */
+                               total_samples_in_input = encoder_session.fmt.iff.data_bytes / encoder_session.info.bytes_per_wide_sample + *options.align_reservoir_samples;
+                               break;
+                       case FORMAT_FLAC:
+                       case FORMAT_OGGFLAC:
+                               total_samples_in_input = encoder_session.fmt.flac.client_data.metadata_blocks[0]->data.stream_info.total_samples + *options.align_reservoir_samples;
+                               break;
+                       default:
+                               FLAC__ASSERT(0);
+                               /* double protection */
                                return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
-                       }
-                       else {
-                               unsigned wide_samples = bytes_read / bytes_per_wide_sample;
-                               if(!format_input(input_, wide_samples, options.is_big_endian, options.is_unsigned_samples, options.channels, options.bps, /*shift=*/0, /*channel_map=*/0))
-                                       return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
+               }
 
-                               if(!EncoderSession_process(&encoder_session, (const FLAC__int32 * const *)input_, wide_samples)) {
-                                       print_error_with_state(&encoder_session, "ERROR during encoding");
-                                       return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
+               /*
+                * now that we know the sample rate, canonicalize the
+                * --skip string to an absolute sample number:
+                */
+               flac__utils_canonicalize_skip_until_specification(&options.skip_specification, encoder_session.info.sample_rate);
+               FLAC__ASSERT(options.skip_specification.value.samples >= 0);
+               skip = (FLAC__uint64)options.skip_specification.value.samples;
+               FLAC__ASSERT(!options.sector_align || (options.format != FORMAT_FLAC && options.format != FORMAT_OGGFLAC && skip == 0));
+               /* *options.align_reservoir_samples will be 0 unless --sector-align is used */
+               FLAC__ASSERT(options.sector_align || *options.align_reservoir_samples == 0);
+
+               /*
+                * now that we possibly know the input size, canonicalize the
+                * --until string to an absolute sample number:
+                */
+               if(!canonicalize_until_specification(&options.until_specification, encoder_session.inbasefilename, encoder_session.info.sample_rate, skip, total_samples_in_input))
+                       return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
+               until = (FLAC__uint64)options.until_specification.value.samples;
+               FLAC__ASSERT(!options.sector_align || until == 0);
+
+               /* adjust encoding parameters based on skip and until values */
+               switch(options.format) {
+                       case FORMAT_RAW:
+                               infilesize -= (off_t)skip * encoder_session.info.bytes_per_wide_sample;
+                               encoder_session.total_samples_to_encode = total_samples_in_input - skip;
+                               break;
+                       case FORMAT_WAVE:
+                       case FORMAT_WAVE64:
+                       case FORMAT_RF64:
+                       case FORMAT_AIFF:
+                       case FORMAT_AIFF_C:
+                               encoder_session.fmt.iff.data_bytes -= skip * encoder_session.info.bytes_per_wide_sample;
+                               if(options.ignore_chunk_sizes) {
+                                       encoder_session.total_samples_to_encode = 0;
+                                       flac__utils_printf(stderr, 2, "(No runtime statistics possible; please wait for encoding to finish...)\n");
+                                       FLAC__ASSERT(0 == until);
                                }
-                       }
-               }
-       }
-       else {
-               const FLAC__uint64 max_input_bytes = infilesize;
-               FLAC__uint64 total_input_bytes_read = 0;
-               while(total_input_bytes_read < max_input_bytes) {
-                       {
-                               size_t wanted = (CHUNK_OF_SAMPLES * bytes_per_wide_sample);
-                               wanted = (size_t) min((FLAC__uint64)wanted, max_input_bytes - total_input_bytes_read);
-
-                               if(lookahead_length > 0) {
-                                       FLAC__ASSERT(lookahead_length <= wanted);
-                                       memcpy(ucbuffer_, lookahead, lookahead_length);
-                                       wanted -= lookahead_length;
-                                       bytes_read = lookahead_length;
-                                       if(wanted > 0) {
-                                               bytes_read += fread(ucbuffer_+lookahead_length, sizeof(unsigned char), wanted, infile);
-                                               if(ferror(infile)) {
-                                                       flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR during read\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename);
-                                                       return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
-                                               }
-                                       }
-                                       lookahead_length = 0;
+                               else {
+                                       encoder_session.total_samples_to_encode = total_samples_in_input - skip;
                                }
+                               break;
+                       case FORMAT_FLAC:
+                       case FORMAT_OGGFLAC:
+                               encoder_session.total_samples_to_encode = total_samples_in_input - skip;
+                               break;
+                       default:
+                               FLAC__ASSERT(0);
+                               /* double protection */
+                               return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
+               }
+               if(until > 0) {
+                       const FLAC__uint64 trim = total_samples_in_input - until;
+                       FLAC__ASSERT(total_samples_in_input > 0);
+                       FLAC__ASSERT(!options.sector_align);
+                       if(options.format == FORMAT_RAW)
+                               infilesize -= (off_t)trim * encoder_session.info.bytes_per_wide_sample;
+                       else if(EncoderSession_format_is_iff(&encoder_session))
+                               encoder_session.fmt.iff.data_bytes -= trim * encoder_session.info.bytes_per_wide_sample;
+                       encoder_session.total_samples_to_encode -= trim;
+               }
+               if(options.sector_align && (options.format != FORMAT_RAW || infilesize >=0)) { /* for RAW, need to know the filesize */
+                       FLAC__ASSERT(skip == 0); /* asserted above too, but lest we forget */
+                       align_remainder = (unsigned)(encoder_session.total_samples_to_encode % 588);
+                       if(options.is_last_file)
+                               encoder_session.total_samples_to_encode += (588-align_remainder); /* will pad with zeroes */
+                       else
+                               encoder_session.total_samples_to_encode -= align_remainder; /* will stop short and carry over to next file */
+               }
+               switch(options.format) {
+                       case FORMAT_RAW:
+                               encoder_session.unencoded_size = encoder_session.total_samples_to_encode * encoder_session.info.bytes_per_wide_sample;
+                               break;
+                       case FORMAT_WAVE:
+                               /* +44 for the size of the WAVE headers; this is just an estimate for the progress indicator and doesn't need to be exact */
+                               encoder_session.unencoded_size = encoder_session.total_samples_to_encode * encoder_session.info.bytes_per_wide_sample + 44;
+                               break;
+                       case FORMAT_WAVE64:
+                               /* +44 for the size of the WAVE headers; this is just an estimate for the progress indicator and doesn't need to be exact */
+                               encoder_session.unencoded_size = encoder_session.total_samples_to_encode * encoder_session.info.bytes_per_wide_sample + 104;
+                               break;
+                       case FORMAT_RF64:
+                               /* +72 for the size of the RF64 headers; this is just an estimate for the progress indicator and doesn't need to be exact */
+                               encoder_session.unencoded_size = encoder_session.total_samples_to_encode * encoder_session.info.bytes_per_wide_sample + 80;
+                               break;
+                       case FORMAT_AIFF:
+                       case FORMAT_AIFF_C:
+                               /* +54 for the size of the AIFF headers; this is just an estimate for the progress indicator and doesn't need to be exact */
+                               encoder_session.unencoded_size = encoder_session.total_samples_to_encode * encoder_session.info.bytes_per_wide_sample + 54;
+                               break;
+                       case FORMAT_FLAC:
+                       case FORMAT_OGGFLAC:
+                               if(infilesize < 0)
+                                       /* if we don't know, use 0 as hint to progress indicator (which is the only place this is used): */
+                                       encoder_session.unencoded_size = 0;
+                               else if(skip == 0 && until == 0)
+                                       encoder_session.unencoded_size = (FLAC__uint64)infilesize;
+                               else if(total_samples_in_input)
+                                       encoder_session.unencoded_size = (FLAC__uint64)infilesize * encoder_session.total_samples_to_encode / total_samples_in_input;
                                else
-                                       bytes_read = fread(ucbuffer_, sizeof(unsigned char), wanted, infile);
-                       }
+                                       encoder_session.unencoded_size = (FLAC__uint64)infilesize;
+                               break;
+                       default:
+                               FLAC__ASSERT(0);
+                               /* double protection */
+                               return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
+               }
 
-                       if(bytes_read == 0) {
-                               if(ferror(infile)) {
-                                       flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR during read\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename);
-                                       return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
-                               }
-                               else if(feof(infile)) {
-                                       flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: WARNING: unexpected EOF; expected %u samples, got %u samples\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename, (unsigned)encoder_session.total_samples_to_encode, (unsigned)encoder_session.samples_written);
-                                       total_input_bytes_read = max_input_bytes;
-                               }
-                       }
-                       else {
-                               if(bytes_read % bytes_per_wide_sample != 0) {
-                                       flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: got partial sample\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename);
-                                       return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
-                               }
-                               else {
-                                       unsigned wide_samples = bytes_read / bytes_per_wide_sample;
-                                       if(!format_input(input_, wide_samples, options.is_big_endian, options.is_unsigned_samples, options.channels, options.bps, /*shift=*/0, /*channel_map=*/0))
-                                               return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
+               if(encoder_session.total_samples_to_encode == 0)
+                       flac__utils_printf(stderr, 2, "(No runtime statistics possible; please wait for encoding to finish...)\n");
 
-                                       if(!EncoderSession_process(&encoder_session, (const FLAC__int32 * const *)input_, wide_samples)) {
-                                               print_error_with_state(&encoder_session, "ERROR during encoding");
+               if(options.format == FORMAT_FLAC || options.format == FORMAT_OGGFLAC)
+                       encoder_session.fmt.flac.client_data.samples_left_to_process = encoder_session.total_samples_to_encode;
+
+               /* init the encoder */
+               if(!EncoderSession_init_encoder(&encoder_session, options))
+                       return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
+
+               /* skip over any samples as requested */
+               if(skip > 0) {
+                       switch(options.format) {
+                               case FORMAT_RAW:
+                                       {
+                                               unsigned skip_bytes = encoder_session.info.bytes_per_wide_sample * (unsigned)skip;
+                                               if(skip_bytes > lookahead_length) {
+                                                       skip_bytes -= lookahead_length;
+                                                       lookahead_length = 0;
+                                                       if(!fskip_ahead(encoder_session.fin, skip_bytes)) {
+                                                               flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR during read while skipping samples\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename);
+                                                               return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
+                                                       }
+                                               }
+                                               else {
+                                                       lookahead += skip_bytes;
+                                                       lookahead_length -= skip_bytes;
+                                               }
+                                       }
+                                       break;
+                               case FORMAT_WAVE:
+                               case FORMAT_WAVE64:
+                               case FORMAT_RF64:
+                               case FORMAT_AIFF:
+                               case FORMAT_AIFF_C:
+                                       if(!fskip_ahead(encoder_session.fin, skip * encoder_session.info.bytes_per_wide_sample)) {
+                                               flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR during read while skipping samples\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename);
                                                return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
                                        }
-                                       total_input_bytes_read += bytes_read;
-                               }
+                                       break;
+                               case FORMAT_FLAC:
+                               case FORMAT_OGGFLAC:
+                                       /*
+                                        * have to wait until the FLAC encoder is set up for writing
+                                        * before any seeking in the input FLAC file, because the seek
+                                        * itself will usually call the decoder's write callback, and
+                                        * our decoder's write callback passes samples to our FLAC
+                                        * encoder
+                                        */
+                                       if(!FLAC__stream_decoder_seek_absolute(encoder_session.fmt.flac.decoder, skip)) {
+                                               flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR while skipping samples, FLAC decoder state = %s\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename, FLAC__stream_decoder_get_resolved_state_string(encoder_session.fmt.flac.decoder));
+                                               return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
+                                       }
+                                       break;
+                               default:
+                                       FLAC__ASSERT(0);
+                                       /* double protection */
+                                       return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
                        }
                }
-       }
 
-       /*
-        * now read unaligned samples into reservoir or pad with zeroes if necessary
-        */
-       if(options.common.sector_align) {
-               if(options.common.is_last_file) {
-                       unsigned wide_samples = 588 - align_remainder;
-                       if(wide_samples < 588) {
-                               unsigned channel;
-
-                               info_align_zero = wide_samples;
-                               for(channel = 0; channel < options.channels; channel++)
-                                       memset(input_[channel], 0, sizeof(input_[0][0]) * wide_samples);
-
-                               if(!EncoderSession_process(&encoder_session, (const FLAC__int32 * const *)input_, wide_samples)) {
-                                       print_error_with_state(&encoder_session, "ERROR during encoding");
-                                       return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
-                               }
+               /*
+                * first do any samples in the reservoir
+                */
+               if(options.sector_align && *options.align_reservoir_samples > 0) {
+                       FLAC__ASSERT(options.format != FORMAT_FLAC && options.format != FORMAT_OGGFLAC); /* check again */
+                       if(!EncoderSession_process(&encoder_session, (const FLAC__int32 * const *)options.align_reservoir, *options.align_reservoir_samples)) {
+                               print_error_with_state(&encoder_session, "ERROR during encoding");
+                               return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
                        }
                }
-               else {
-                       if(*options.common.align_reservoir_samples > 0) {
-                               FLAC__ASSERT(CHUNK_OF_SAMPLES >= 588);
-                               bytes_read = fread(ucbuffer_, sizeof(unsigned char), (*options.common.align_reservoir_samples) * bytes_per_wide_sample, infile);
-                               if(bytes_read == 0 && ferror(infile)) {
-                                       flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR during read\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename);
-                                       return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
-                               }
-                               else if(bytes_read != (*options.common.align_reservoir_samples) * bytes_per_wide_sample) {
-                                       flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: WARNING: unexpected EOF; read %u bytes; expected %u samples, got %u samples\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename, (unsigned)bytes_read, (unsigned)encoder_session.total_samples_to_encode, (unsigned)encoder_session.samples_written);
-                               }
-                               else {
-                                       info_align_carry = *options.common.align_reservoir_samples;
-                                       if(!format_input(options.common.align_reservoir, *options.common.align_reservoir_samples, options.is_big_endian, options.is_unsigned_samples, options.channels, options.bps, /*shift=*/0, /*channel_map=*/0))
-                                               return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
+
+               /*
+                * decrement infilesize or the data_bytes counter if we need to align the file
+                */
+               if(options.sector_align) {
+                       if(options.is_last_file) {
+                               *options.align_reservoir_samples = 0;
+                       }
+                       else {
+                               *options.align_reservoir_samples = align_remainder;
+                               if(options.format == FORMAT_RAW) {
+                                       FLAC__ASSERT(infilesize >= 0);
+                                       infilesize -= (off_t)((*options.align_reservoir_samples) * encoder_session.info.bytes_per_wide_sample);
+                                       FLAC__ASSERT(infilesize >= 0);
                                }
+                               else if(EncoderSession_format_is_iff(&encoder_session))
+                                       encoder_session.fmt.iff.data_bytes -= (*options.align_reservoir_samples) * encoder_session.info.bytes_per_wide_sample;
                        }
                }
-       }
-
-       return EncoderSession_finish_ok(&encoder_session, info_align_carry, info_align_zero);
-}
 
-int flac__encode_flac(FILE *infile, off_t infilesize, const char *infilename, const char *outfilename, const FLAC__byte *lookahead, unsigned lookahead_length, flac_encode_options_t options, FLAC__bool input_is_ogg)
-{
-       EncoderSession encoder_session;
-       FLAC__StreamDecoder *decoder = 0;
-       FLACDecoderData decoder_data;
-       size_t i;
-       int retval;
-
-       if(!
-               EncoderSession_construct(
-                       &encoder_session,
-#if FLAC__HAS_OGG
-                       options.common.use_ogg,
-#else
-                       /*use_ogg=*/false,
-#endif
-                       options.common.verify,
-                       options.common.continue_through_decode_errors,
-                       infile,
-                       infilename,
-                       outfilename
-               )
-       )
-               return 1;
-
-       decoder_data.encoder_session = &encoder_session;
-       decoder_data.filesize = (infilesize == (off_t)(-1)? 0 : infilesize);
-       decoder_data.lookahead = lookahead;
-       decoder_data.lookahead_length = lookahead_length;
-       decoder_data.num_metadata_blocks = 0;
-       decoder_data.samples_left_to_process = 0;
-       decoder_data.fatal_error = false;
-
-       /*
-        * set up FLAC decoder for the input
-        */
-       if (0 == (decoder = FLAC__stream_decoder_new())) {
-               flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: creating decoder for FLAC input\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename);
-               return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
-       }
-       if (!(
-               FLAC__stream_decoder_set_md5_checking(decoder, false) &&
-               FLAC__stream_decoder_set_metadata_respond_all(decoder)
-       )) {
-               flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: setting up decoder for FLAC input\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename);
-               goto fubar1; /*@@@ yuck */
-       }
-
-       if (input_is_ogg) {
-               if (FLAC__stream_decoder_init_ogg_stream(decoder, flac_decoder_read_callback, flac_decoder_seek_callback, flac_decoder_tell_callback, flac_decoder_length_callback, flac_decoder_eof_callback, flac_decoder_write_callback, flac_decoder_metadata_callback, flac_decoder_error_callback, /*client_data=*/&decoder_data) != FLAC__STREAM_DECODER_INIT_STATUS_OK) {
-                       flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: initializing decoder for Ogg FLAC input, state = %s\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename, FLAC__stream_decoder_get_resolved_state_string(decoder));
-                       goto fubar1; /*@@@ yuck */
-               }
-       }
-       else if (FLAC__stream_decoder_init_stream(decoder, flac_decoder_read_callback, flac_decoder_seek_callback, flac_decoder_tell_callback, flac_decoder_length_callback, flac_decoder_eof_callback, flac_decoder_write_callback, flac_decoder_metadata_callback, flac_decoder_error_callback, /*client_data=*/&decoder_data) != FLAC__STREAM_DECODER_INIT_STATUS_OK) {
-               flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: initializing decoder for FLAC input, state = %s\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename, FLAC__stream_decoder_get_resolved_state_string(decoder));
-               goto fubar1; /*@@@ yuck */
-       }
-
-       if (!FLAC__stream_decoder_process_until_end_of_metadata(decoder) || decoder_data.fatal_error) {
-               if (decoder_data.fatal_error)
-                       flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: out of memory or too many metadata blocks while reading metadata in FLAC input\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename);
-               else
-                       flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: reading metadata in FLAC input, state = %s\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename, FLAC__stream_decoder_get_resolved_state_string(decoder));
-               goto fubar1; /*@@@ yuck */
-       }
+               /*
+                * now do samples from the file
+                */
+               switch(options.format) {
+                       case FORMAT_RAW:
+                               if(infilesize < 0) {
+                                       size_t bytes_read;
+                                       while(!feof(infile)) {
+                                               if(lookahead_length > 0) {
+                                                       FLAC__ASSERT(lookahead_length < CHUNK_OF_SAMPLES * encoder_session.info.bytes_per_wide_sample);
+                                                       memcpy(ucbuffer_, lookahead, lookahead_length);
+                                                       bytes_read = fread(ucbuffer_+lookahead_length, sizeof(unsigned char), CHUNK_OF_SAMPLES * encoder_session.info.bytes_per_wide_sample - lookahead_length, infile) + lookahead_length;
+                                                       if(ferror(infile)) {
+                                                               flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR during read\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename);
+                                                               return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
+                                                       }
+                                                       lookahead_length = 0;
+                                               }
+                                               else
+                                                       bytes_read = fread(ucbuffer_, sizeof(unsigned char), CHUNK_OF_SAMPLES * encoder_session.info.bytes_per_wide_sample, infile);
 
-       if (decoder_data.num_metadata_blocks == 0) {
-               flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: reading metadata in FLAC input, got no metadata blocks\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename);
-               goto fubar2; /*@@@ yuck */
-       }
-       else if (decoder_data.metadata_blocks[0]->type != FLAC__METADATA_TYPE_STREAMINFO) {
-               flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: reading metadata in FLAC input, first metadata block is not STREAMINFO\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename);
-               goto fubar2; /*@@@ yuck */
-       }
-       else if (decoder_data.metadata_blocks[0]->data.stream_info.total_samples == 0) {
-               flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: FLAC input has STREAMINFO with unknown total samples which is not supported\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename);
-               goto fubar2; /*@@@ yuck */
-       }
+                                               if(bytes_read == 0) {
+                                                       if(ferror(infile)) {
+                                                               flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR during read\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename);
+                                                               return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
+                                                       }
+                                               }
+                                               else if(bytes_read % encoder_session.info.bytes_per_wide_sample != 0) {
+                                                       flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: got partial sample\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename);
+                                                       return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
+                                               }
+                                               else {
+                                                       unsigned wide_samples = bytes_read / encoder_session.info.bytes_per_wide_sample;
+                                                       if(!format_input(input_, wide_samples, encoder_session.info.is_big_endian, encoder_session.info.is_unsigned_samples, encoder_session.info.channels, encoder_session.info.bits_per_sample, encoder_session.info.shift, channel_map))
+                                                               return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
 
-       /*
-        * now that we have the STREAMINFO and know the sample rate,
-        * canonicalize the --skip string to a number of samples:
-        */
-       flac__utils_canonicalize_skip_until_specification(&options.common.skip_specification, decoder_data.metadata_blocks[0]->data.stream_info.sample_rate);
-       FLAC__ASSERT(options.common.skip_specification.value.samples >= 0);
-       encoder_session.skip = (FLAC__uint64)options.common.skip_specification.value.samples;
-       FLAC__ASSERT(!options.common.sector_align); /* --sector-align with FLAC input is not supported */
+                                                       if(!EncoderSession_process(&encoder_session, (const FLAC__int32 * const *)input_, wide_samples)) {
+                                                               print_error_with_state(&encoder_session, "ERROR during encoding");
+                                                               return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
+                                                       }
+                                               }
+                                       }
+                               }
+                               else {
+                                       size_t bytes_read;
+                                       const FLAC__uint64 max_input_bytes = infilesize;
+                                       FLAC__uint64 total_input_bytes_read = 0;
+                                       while(total_input_bytes_read < max_input_bytes) {
+                                               {
+                                                       size_t wanted = (CHUNK_OF_SAMPLES * encoder_session.info.bytes_per_wide_sample);
+                                                       wanted = (size_t) min((FLAC__uint64)wanted, max_input_bytes - total_input_bytes_read);
+
+                                                       if(lookahead_length > 0) {
+                                                               FLAC__ASSERT(lookahead_length <= wanted);
+                                                               memcpy(ucbuffer_, lookahead, lookahead_length);
+                                                               wanted -= lookahead_length;
+                                                               bytes_read = lookahead_length;
+                                                               if(wanted > 0) {
+                                                                       bytes_read += fread(ucbuffer_+lookahead_length, sizeof(unsigned char), wanted, infile);
+                                                                       if(ferror(infile)) {
+                                                                               flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR during read\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename);
+                                                                               return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
+                                                                       }
+                                                               }
+                                                               lookahead_length = 0;
+                                                       }
+                                                       else
+                                                               bytes_read = fread(ucbuffer_, sizeof(unsigned char), wanted, infile);
+                                               }
 
-       {
-               FLAC__uint64 total_samples_in_input, trim = 0;
+                                               if(bytes_read == 0) {
+                                                       if(ferror(infile)) {
+                                                               flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR during read\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename);
+                                                               return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
+                                                       }
+                                                       else if(feof(infile)) {
+                                                               flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: WARNING: unexpected EOF; expected %u samples, got %u samples\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename, (unsigned)encoder_session.total_samples_to_encode, (unsigned)encoder_session.samples_written);
+                                                               if(encoder_session.treat_warnings_as_errors)
+                                                                       return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
+                                                               total_input_bytes_read = max_input_bytes;
+                                                       }
+                                               }
+                                               else {
+                                                       if(bytes_read % encoder_session.info.bytes_per_wide_sample != 0) {
+                                                               flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: got partial sample\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename);
+                                                               return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
+                                                       }
+                                                       else {
+                                                               unsigned wide_samples = bytes_read / encoder_session.info.bytes_per_wide_sample;
+                                                               if(!format_input(input_, wide_samples, encoder_session.info.is_big_endian, encoder_session.info.is_unsigned_samples, encoder_session.info.channels, encoder_session.info.bits_per_sample, encoder_session.info.shift, channel_map))
+                                                                       return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
+
+                                                               if(!EncoderSession_process(&encoder_session, (const FLAC__int32 * const *)input_, wide_samples)) {
+                                                                       print_error_with_state(&encoder_session, "ERROR during encoding");
+                                                                       return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
+                                                               }
+                                                               total_input_bytes_read += bytes_read;
+                                                       }
+                                               }
+                                       }
+                               }
+                               break;
+                       case FORMAT_WAVE:
+                       case FORMAT_WAVE64:
+                       case FORMAT_RF64:
+                       case FORMAT_AIFF:
+                       case FORMAT_AIFF_C:
+                               while(encoder_session.fmt.iff.data_bytes > 0) {
+                                       const size_t bytes_to_read = (size_t)min(
+                                               encoder_session.fmt.iff.data_bytes,
+                                               (FLAC__uint64)CHUNK_OF_SAMPLES * (FLAC__uint64)encoder_session.info.bytes_per_wide_sample
+                                       );
+                                       size_t bytes_read = fread(ucbuffer_, sizeof(unsigned char), bytes_to_read, infile);
+                                       if(bytes_read == 0) {
+                                               if(ferror(infile)) {
+                                                       flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR during read\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename);
+                                                       return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
+                                               }
+                                               else if(feof(infile)) {
+                                                       if(options.ignore_chunk_sizes) {
+                                                               flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: INFO: hit EOF with --ignore-chunk-sizes, got %u samples\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename, (unsigned)encoder_session.samples_written);
+                                                       }
+                                                       else {
+                                                               flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: WARNING: unexpected EOF; expected %u samples, got %u samples\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename, (unsigned)encoder_session.total_samples_to_encode, (unsigned)encoder_session.samples_written);
+                                                               if(encoder_session.treat_warnings_as_errors)
+                                                                       return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
+                                                       }
+                                                       encoder_session.fmt.iff.data_bytes = 0;
+                                               }
+                                       }
+                                       else {
+                                               if(bytes_read % encoder_session.info.bytes_per_wide_sample != 0) {
+                                                       flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: got partial sample\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename);
+                                                       return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
+                                               }
+                                               else {
+                                                       unsigned wide_samples = bytes_read / encoder_session.info.bytes_per_wide_sample;
+                                                       if(!format_input(input_, wide_samples, encoder_session.info.is_big_endian, encoder_session.info.is_unsigned_samples, encoder_session.info.channels, encoder_session.info.bits_per_sample, encoder_session.info.shift, channel_map))
+                                                               return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
 
-               total_samples_in_input = decoder_data.metadata_blocks[0]->data.stream_info.total_samples;
+                                                       if(!EncoderSession_process(&encoder_session, (const FLAC__int32 * const *)input_, wide_samples)) {
+                                                               print_error_with_state(&encoder_session, "ERROR during encoding");
+                                                               return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
+                                                       }
+                                                       encoder_session.fmt.iff.data_bytes -= bytes_read;
+                                               }
+                                       }
+                               }
+                               break;
+                       case FORMAT_FLAC:
+                       case FORMAT_OGGFLAC:
+                               while(!encoder_session.fmt.flac.client_data.fatal_error && encoder_session.fmt.flac.client_data.samples_left_to_process > 0) {
+                                       /* We can also hit the end of stream without samples_left_to_process
+                                        * going to 0 if there are errors and continue_through_decode_errors
+                                        * is on, so we want to break in that case too:
+                                        */
+                                       if(encoder_session.continue_through_decode_errors && FLAC__stream_decoder_get_state(encoder_session.fmt.flac.decoder) == FLAC__STREAM_DECODER_END_OF_STREAM)
+                                               break;
+                                       if(!FLAC__stream_decoder_process_single(encoder_session.fmt.flac.decoder)) {
+                                               flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: while decoding FLAC input, state = %s\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename, FLAC__stream_decoder_get_resolved_state_string(encoder_session.fmt.flac.decoder));
+                                               return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
+                                       }
+                               }
+                               if(encoder_session.fmt.flac.client_data.fatal_error) {
+                                       flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: while decoding FLAC input, state = %s\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename, FLAC__stream_decoder_get_resolved_state_string(encoder_session.fmt.flac.decoder));
+                                       return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
+                               }
+                               break;
+                       default:
+                               FLAC__ASSERT(0);
+                               /* double protection */
+                               return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
+               }
 
                /*
-                * now that we know the input size, canonicalize the
-                * --until string to an absolute sample number:
+                * now read unaligned samples into reservoir or pad with zeroes if necessary
                 */
-               if(!canonicalize_until_specification(&options.common.until_specification, encoder_session.inbasefilename, decoder_data.metadata_blocks[0]->data.stream_info.sample_rate, encoder_session.skip, total_samples_in_input))
-                       goto fubar2; /*@@@ yuck */
-               encoder_session.until = (FLAC__uint64)options.common.until_specification.value.samples;
-
-               encoder_session.total_samples_to_encode = total_samples_in_input - encoder_session.skip;
-               if(encoder_session.until > 0) {
-                       trim = total_samples_in_input - encoder_session.until;
-                       FLAC__ASSERT(total_samples_in_input > 0);
-                       encoder_session.total_samples_to_encode -= trim;
-               }
-
-               encoder_session.unencoded_size = decoder_data.filesize;
+               if(options.sector_align) {
+                       if(options.is_last_file) {
+                               unsigned wide_samples = 588 - align_remainder;
+                               if(wide_samples < 588) {
+                                       unsigned channel;
 
-               /* (channel mask will get copied over from the source VORBIS_COMMENT if it exists) */
-               if(!EncoderSession_init_encoder(&encoder_session, options.common, /*channel_mask=*/0, decoder_data.metadata_blocks[0]->data.stream_info.channels, decoder_data.metadata_blocks[0]->data.stream_info.bits_per_sample, decoder_data.metadata_blocks[0]->data.stream_info.sample_rate, &decoder_data))
-                       return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
+                                       info_align_zero = wide_samples;
+                                       for(channel = 0; channel < encoder_session.info.channels; channel++)
+                                               memset(input_[channel], 0, sizeof(input_[0][0]) * wide_samples);
 
-               /*
-                * have to wait until the FLAC encoder is set up for writing
-                * before any seeking in the input FLAC file, because the seek
-                * itself will usually call the decoder's write callback, and
-                * our decoder's write callback passes samples to our FLAC
-                * encoder
-                */
-               decoder_data.samples_left_to_process = encoder_session.total_samples_to_encode;
-               if(encoder_session.skip > 0) {
-                       if(!FLAC__stream_decoder_seek_absolute(decoder, encoder_session.skip)) {
-                               flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR while skipping samples, FLAC decoder state = %s\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename, FLAC__stream_decoder_get_resolved_state_string(decoder));
-                               goto fubar2; /*@@@ yuck */
+                                       if(!EncoderSession_process(&encoder_session, (const FLAC__int32 * const *)input_, wide_samples)) {
+                                               print_error_with_state(&encoder_session, "ERROR during encoding");
+                                               return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
+                                       }
+                               }
                        }
-               }
-
-               /*
-                * now do samples from the file
-                */
-               while(!decoder_data.fatal_error && decoder_data.samples_left_to_process > 0) {
-                       /* We can also hit the end of stream without samples_left_to_process
-                        * going to 0 if there are errors and continue_through_decode_errors
-                        * is on, so we want to break in that case too:
-                        */
-                       if(encoder_session.continue_through_decode_errors && FLAC__stream_decoder_get_state(decoder) == FLAC__STREAM_DECODER_END_OF_STREAM)
-                               break;
-                       if(!FLAC__stream_decoder_process_single(decoder)) {
-                               flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: while decoding FLAC input, state = %s\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename, FLAC__stream_decoder_get_resolved_state_string(decoder));
-                               goto fubar2; /*@@@ yuck */
+                       else {
+                               if(*options.align_reservoir_samples > 0) {
+                                       size_t bytes_read;
+                                       FLAC__ASSERT(CHUNK_OF_SAMPLES >= 588);
+                                       bytes_read = fread(ucbuffer_, sizeof(unsigned char), (*options.align_reservoir_samples) * encoder_session.info.bytes_per_wide_sample, infile);
+                                       if(bytes_read == 0 && ferror(infile)) {
+                                               flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR during read\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename);
+                                               return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
+                                       }
+                                       else if(bytes_read != (*options.align_reservoir_samples) * encoder_session.info.bytes_per_wide_sample) {
+                                               flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: WARNING: unexpected EOF; read %u bytes; expected %u samples, got %u samples\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename, (unsigned)bytes_read, (unsigned)encoder_session.total_samples_to_encode, (unsigned)encoder_session.samples_written);
+                                               if(encoder_session.treat_warnings_as_errors)
+                                                       return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
+                                       }
+                                       else {
+                                               info_align_carry = *options.align_reservoir_samples;
+                                               if(!format_input(options.align_reservoir, *options.align_reservoir_samples, encoder_session.info.is_big_endian, encoder_session.info.is_unsigned_samples, encoder_session.info.channels, encoder_session.info.bits_per_sample, encoder_session.info.shift, channel_map))
+                                                       return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
+                                       }
+                               }
                        }
                }
-               if(decoder_data.fatal_error) {
-                       flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: while decoding FLAC input, state = %s\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename, FLAC__stream_decoder_get_resolved_state_string(decoder));
-                       goto fubar2; /*@@@ yuck */
-               }
        }
 
-       FLAC__stream_decoder_delete(decoder);
-       retval = EncoderSession_finish_ok(&encoder_session, -1, -1);
-       /* have to wail until encoder is completely finished before deleting because of the final step of writing the seekpoint offsets */
-       for(i = 0; i < decoder_data.num_metadata_blocks; i++)
-               free(decoder_data.metadata_blocks[i]);
-       return retval;
-
-fubar2:
-       for(i = 0; i < decoder_data.num_metadata_blocks; i++)
-               free(decoder_data.metadata_blocks[i]);
-fubar1:
-       FLAC__stream_decoder_delete(decoder);
-       return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
+       return EncoderSession_finish_ok(
+               &encoder_session,
+               info_align_carry,
+               info_align_zero,
+               EncoderSession_format_is_iff(&encoder_session)? options.format_options.iff.foreign_metadata : 0
+       );
 }
 
-FLAC__bool EncoderSession_construct(EncoderSession *e, FLAC__bool use_ogg, FLAC__bool verify, FLAC__bool continue_through_decode_errors, FILE *infile, const char *infilename, const char *outfilename)
+FLAC__bool EncoderSession_construct(EncoderSession *e, encode_options_t options, off_t infilesize, FILE *infile, const char *infilename, const char *outfilename, const FLAC__byte *lookahead, unsigned lookahead_length)
 {
        unsigned i;
        FLAC__uint32 test = 1;
@@ -1538,26 +1524,55 @@ FLAC__bool EncoderSession_construct(EncoderSession *e, FLAC__bool use_ogg, FLAC_
         */
 
 #if FLAC__HAS_OGG
-       e->use_ogg = use_ogg;
-#else
-       (void)use_ogg;
+       e->use_ogg = options.use_ogg;
 #endif
-       e->verify = verify;
-       e->continue_through_decode_errors = continue_through_decode_errors;
+       e->verify = options.verify;
+       e->treat_warnings_as_errors = options.treat_warnings_as_errors;
+       e->continue_through_decode_errors = options.continue_through_decode_errors;
 
        e->is_stdout = (0 == strcmp(outfilename, "-"));
        e->outputfile_opened = false;
 
        e->inbasefilename = grabbag__file_get_basename(infilename);
+       e->infilename = infilename;
        e->outfilename = outfilename;
 
-       e->skip = 0; /* filled in later after the sample_rate is known */
-       e->unencoded_size = 0;
        e->total_samples_to_encode = 0;
+       e->unencoded_size = 0;
        e->bytes_written = 0;
        e->samples_written = 0;
        e->stats_mask = 0;
 
+       memset(&e->info, 0, sizeof(e->info));
+
+       e->format = options.format;
+
+       switch(options.format) {
+               case FORMAT_RAW:
+                       break;
+               case FORMAT_WAVE:
+               case FORMAT_WAVE64:
+               case FORMAT_RF64:
+               case FORMAT_AIFF:
+               case FORMAT_AIFF_C:
+                       e->fmt.iff.data_bytes = 0;
+                       break;
+               case FORMAT_FLAC:
+               case FORMAT_OGGFLAC:
+                       e->fmt.flac.decoder = 0;
+                       e->fmt.flac.client_data.filesize = infilesize;
+                       e->fmt.flac.client_data.lookahead = lookahead;
+                       e->fmt.flac.client_data.lookahead_length = lookahead_length;
+                       e->fmt.flac.client_data.num_metadata_blocks = 0;
+                       e->fmt.flac.client_data.samples_left_to_process = 0;
+                       e->fmt.flac.client_data.fatal_error = false;
+                       break;
+               default:
+                       FLAC__ASSERT(0);
+                       /* double protection */
+                       return false;
+       }
+
        e->encoder = 0;
 
        e->fin = infile;
@@ -1580,6 +1595,16 @@ FLAC__bool EncoderSession_construct(EncoderSession *e, FLAC__bool use_ogg, FLAC_
 
 void EncoderSession_destroy(EncoderSession *e)
 {
+       if(e->format == FORMAT_FLAC || e->format == FORMAT_OGGFLAC) {
+               size_t i;
+               if(e->fmt.flac.decoder)
+                       FLAC__stream_decoder_delete(e->fmt.flac.decoder);
+               e->fmt.flac.decoder = 0;
+               for(i = 0; i < e->fmt.flac.client_data.num_metadata_blocks; i++)
+                       FLAC__metadata_object_delete(e->fmt.flac.client_data.metadata_blocks[i]);
+               e->fmt.flac.client_data.num_metadata_blocks = 0;
+       }
+
        if(e->fin != stdin)
                fclose(e->fin);
 
@@ -1594,7 +1619,7 @@ void EncoderSession_destroy(EncoderSession *e)
        }
 }
 
-int EncoderSession_finish_ok(EncoderSession *e, int info_align_carry, int info_align_zero)
+int EncoderSession_finish_ok(EncoderSession *e, int info_align_carry, int info_align_zero, foreign_metadata_t *foreign_metadata)
 {
        FLAC__StreamEncoderState fse_state = FLAC__STREAM_ENCODER_OK;
        int ret = 0;
@@ -1629,6 +1654,15 @@ int EncoderSession_finish_ok(EncoderSession *e, int info_align_carry, int info_a
                }
        }
 
+       /*@@@@@@ should this go here or somewhere else? */
+       if(ret == 0 && foreign_metadata) {
+               const char *error;
+               if(!flac__foreign_metadata_write_to_flac(foreign_metadata, e->infilename, e->outfilename, &error)) {
+                       flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: updating foreign metadata in FLAC file: %s\n", e->inbasefilename, error);
+                       ret = 1;
+               }
+       }
+
        EncoderSession_destroy(e);
 
        return ret;
@@ -1652,22 +1686,70 @@ int EncoderSession_finish_error(EncoderSession *e)
        return 1;
 }
 
-FLAC__bool EncoderSession_init_encoder(EncoderSession *e, encode_options_t options, FLAC__uint32 channel_mask, unsigned channels, unsigned bps, unsigned sample_rate, FLACDecoderData *flac_decoder_data)
+typedef struct {
+       unsigned num_metadata;
+       FLAC__bool *needs_delete;
+       FLAC__StreamMetadata **metadata;
+       FLAC__StreamMetadata *cuesheet; /* always needs to be deleted */
+} static_metadata_t;
+
+static void static_metadata_init(static_metadata_t *m)
+{
+       m->num_metadata = 0;
+       m->needs_delete = 0;
+       m->metadata = 0;
+       m->cuesheet = 0;
+}
+
+static void static_metadata_clear(static_metadata_t *m)
+{
+       unsigned i;
+       for(i = 0; i < m->num_metadata; i++)
+               if(m->needs_delete[i])
+                       FLAC__metadata_object_delete(m->metadata[i]);
+       if(m->metadata)
+               free(m->metadata);
+       if(m->needs_delete)
+               free(m->needs_delete);
+       if(m->cuesheet)
+               FLAC__metadata_object_delete(m->cuesheet);
+       static_metadata_init(m);
+}
+
+static FLAC__bool static_metadata_append(static_metadata_t *m, FLAC__StreamMetadata *d, FLAC__bool needs_delete)
+{
+       void *x;
+       if(0 == (x = safe_realloc_muladd2_(m->metadata, sizeof(*m->metadata), /*times (*/m->num_metadata, /*+*/1/*)*/)))
+               return false;
+       m->metadata = (FLAC__StreamMetadata**)x;
+       if(0 == (x = safe_realloc_muladd2_(m->needs_delete, sizeof(*m->needs_delete), /*times (*/m->num_metadata, /*+*/1/*)*/)))
+               return false;
+       m->needs_delete = (FLAC__bool*)x;
+       m->metadata[m->num_metadata] = d;
+       m->needs_delete[m->num_metadata] = needs_delete;
+       m->num_metadata++;
+       return true;
+}
+
+FLAC__bool EncoderSession_init_encoder(EncoderSession *e, encode_options_t options)
 {
-       unsigned num_metadata, i;
-       FLAC__StreamMetadata padding, *cuesheet = 0;
-       FLAC__StreamMetadata *static_metadata[4+64]; /* MAGIC +64 is for pictures metadata in options.pictures */
-       FLAC__StreamMetadata **metadata = static_metadata;
+       const unsigned channels = e->info.channels;
+       const unsigned bps = e->info.bits_per_sample - e->info.shift;
+       const unsigned sample_rate = e->info.sample_rate;
+       FLACDecoderData *flac_decoder_data = (e->format == FORMAT_FLAC || e->format == FORMAT_OGGFLAC)? &e->fmt.flac.client_data : 0;
+       FLAC__StreamMetadata padding;
+       FLAC__StreamMetadata **metadata = 0;
+       static_metadata_t static_metadata;
+       unsigned num_metadata = 0, i;
        FLAC__StreamEncoderInitStatus init_status;
        const FLAC__bool is_cdda = (channels == 1 || channels == 2) && (bps == 16) && (sample_rate == 44100);
        char apodizations[2000];
 
        FLAC__ASSERT(sizeof(options.pictures)/sizeof(options.pictures[0]) <= 64);
 
+       static_metadata_init(&static_metadata);
+
        e->replay_gain = options.replay_gain;
-       e->channels = channels;
-       e->bits_per_sample = bps;
-       e->sample_rate = sample_rate;
 
        apodizations[0] = '\0';
 
@@ -1688,61 +1770,34 @@ FLAC__bool EncoderSession_init_encoder(EncoderSession *e, encode_options_t optio
                }
        }
 
-       if(!parse_cuesheet(&cuesheet, options.cuesheet_filename, e->inbasefilename, is_cdda, e->total_samples_to_encode))
+       if(!parse_cuesheet(&static_metadata.cuesheet, options.cuesheet_filename, e->inbasefilename, is_cdda, e->total_samples_to_encode, e->treat_warnings_as_errors))
                return false;
 
-       if(!convert_to_seek_table_template(options.requested_seek_points, options.num_requested_seek_points, options.cued_seekpoints? cuesheet : 0, e)) {
+       if(!convert_to_seek_table_template(options.requested_seek_points, options.num_requested_seek_points, options.cued_seekpoints? static_metadata.cuesheet : 0, e)) {
                flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR allocating memory for seek table\n", e->inbasefilename);
-               if(0 != cuesheet)
-                       FLAC__metadata_object_delete(cuesheet);
+               static_metadata_clear(&static_metadata);
                return false;
        }
 
+       /* build metadata */
        if(flac_decoder_data) {
                /*
                 * we're encoding from FLAC so we will use the FLAC file's
-                * metadata as the basic for the encoded file
+                * metadata as the basis for the encoded file
                 */
                {
                        /*
-                        * first handle padding: if --no-padding was specified,
-                        * then delete all padding; else if -P was specified,
-                        * use that instead of existing padding (if any); else
-                        * if existing file has padding, move all existing
-                        * padding blocks to one padding block at the end; else
-                        * use default padding.
+                        * first handle pictures: simple append any --pictures
+                        * specified.
                         */
-                       int p = -1;
-                       size_t i, j;
-                       for(i = 0, j = 0; i < flac_decoder_data->num_metadata_blocks; i++) {
-                               if(flac_decoder_data->metadata_blocks[i]->type == FLAC__METADATA_TYPE_PADDING) {
-                                       if(p < 0)
-                                               p = 0;
-                                       p += flac_decoder_data->metadata_blocks[i]->length;
-                                       FLAC__metadata_object_delete(flac_decoder_data->metadata_blocks[i]);
-                                       flac_decoder_data->metadata_blocks[i] = 0;
-                               }
-                               else
-                                       flac_decoder_data->metadata_blocks[j++] = flac_decoder_data->metadata_blocks[i];
-                       }
-                       flac_decoder_data->num_metadata_blocks = j;
-                       if(options.padding > 0)
-                               p = options.padding;
-                       if(p < 0)
-                               p = e->total_samples_to_encode / e->sample_rate < 20*60? FLAC_ENCODE__DEFAULT_PADDING : FLAC_ENCODE__DEFAULT_PADDING*8;
-                       if(options.padding != 0) {
-                               if(p > 0 && flac_decoder_data->num_metadata_blocks < sizeof(flac_decoder_data->metadata_blocks)/sizeof(flac_decoder_data->metadata_blocks[0])) {
-                                       flac_decoder_data->metadata_blocks[flac_decoder_data->num_metadata_blocks] = FLAC__metadata_object_new(FLAC__METADATA_TYPE_PADDING);
-                                       if(0 == flac_decoder_data->metadata_blocks[flac_decoder_data->num_metadata_blocks]) {
-                                               flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR allocating memory for PADDING block\n", e->inbasefilename);
-                                               if(0 != cuesheet)
-                                                       FLAC__metadata_object_delete(cuesheet);
-                                               return false;
-                                       }
-                                       flac_decoder_data->metadata_blocks[flac_decoder_data->num_metadata_blocks]->is_last = false; /* the encoder will set this for us */
-                                       flac_decoder_data->metadata_blocks[flac_decoder_data->num_metadata_blocks]->length = p;
-                                       flac_decoder_data->num_metadata_blocks++;
+                       for(i = 0; i < options.num_pictures; i++) {
+                               FLAC__StreamMetadata *pic = FLAC__metadata_object_clone(options.pictures[i]);
+                               if(0 == pic) {
+                                       flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR allocating memory for PICTURE block\n", e->inbasefilename);
+                                       static_metadata_clear(&static_metadata);
+                                       return false;
                                }
+                               flac_decoder_data->metadata_blocks[flac_decoder_data->num_metadata_blocks++] = pic;
                        }
                }
                {
@@ -1753,14 +1808,19 @@ FLAC__bool EncoderSession_init_encoder(EncoderSession *e, encode_options_t optio
                         * we keep the existing one.  also need to make sure to
                         * propagate any channel mask tag.
                         */
+                       /* @@@ change to append -T values from options.vorbis_comment if input has VC already? */
                        size_t i, j;
                        FLAC__bool vc_found = false;
                        for(i = 0, j = 0; i < flac_decoder_data->num_metadata_blocks; i++) {
                                if(flac_decoder_data->metadata_blocks[i]->type == FLAC__METADATA_TYPE_VORBIS_COMMENT)
                                        vc_found = true;
                                if(flac_decoder_data->metadata_blocks[i]->type == FLAC__METADATA_TYPE_VORBIS_COMMENT && options.vorbis_comment->data.vorbis_comment.num_comments > 0) {
-                                       (void) flac__utils_get_channel_mask_tag(flac_decoder_data->metadata_blocks[i], &channel_mask);
+                                       (void) flac__utils_get_channel_mask_tag(flac_decoder_data->metadata_blocks[i], &e->info.channel_mask);
                                        flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: WARNING, replacing tags from input FLAC file with those given on the command-line\n", e->inbasefilename);
+                                       if(e->treat_warnings_as_errors) {
+                                               static_metadata_clear(&static_metadata);
+                                               return false;
+                                       }
                                        FLAC__metadata_object_delete(flac_decoder_data->metadata_blocks[i]);
                                        flac_decoder_data->metadata_blocks[i] = 0;
                                }
@@ -1771,10 +1831,9 @@ FLAC__bool EncoderSession_init_encoder(EncoderSession *e, encode_options_t optio
                        if((!vc_found || options.vorbis_comment->data.vorbis_comment.num_comments > 0) && flac_decoder_data->num_metadata_blocks < sizeof(flac_decoder_data->metadata_blocks)/sizeof(flac_decoder_data->metadata_blocks[0])) {
                                /* prepend ours */
                                FLAC__StreamMetadata *vc = FLAC__metadata_object_clone(options.vorbis_comment);
-                               if(0 == vc || (channel_mask && !flac__utils_set_channel_mask_tag(vc, channel_mask))) {
+                               if(0 == vc || (e->info.channel_mask && !flac__utils_set_channel_mask_tag(vc, e->info.channel_mask))) {
                                        flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR allocating memory for VORBIS_COMMENT block\n", e->inbasefilename);
-                                       if(0 != cuesheet)
-                                               FLAC__metadata_object_delete(cuesheet);
+                                       static_metadata_clear(&static_metadata);
                                        return false;
                                }
                                for(i = flac_decoder_data->num_metadata_blocks; i > 1; i--)
@@ -1793,20 +1852,33 @@ FLAC__bool EncoderSession_init_encoder(EncoderSession *e, encode_options_t optio
                        for(i = 0, j = 0; i < flac_decoder_data->num_metadata_blocks; i++) {
                                FLAC__bool existing_cuesheet_is_bad = false;
                                /* check if existing cuesheet matches the input audio */
-                               if(flac_decoder_data->metadata_blocks[i]->type == FLAC__METADATA_TYPE_CUESHEET && 0 == cuesheet) {
+                               if(flac_decoder_data->metadata_blocks[i]->type == FLAC__METADATA_TYPE_CUESHEET && 0 == static_metadata.cuesheet) {
                                        const FLAC__StreamMetadata_CueSheet *cs = &flac_decoder_data->metadata_blocks[i]->data.cue_sheet;
                                        if(e->total_samples_to_encode == 0) {
                                                flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: WARNING, cuesheet in input FLAC file cannot be kept if input size is not known, dropping it...\n", e->inbasefilename);
+                                               if(e->treat_warnings_as_errors) {
+                                                       static_metadata_clear(&static_metadata);
+                                                       return false;
+                                               }
                                                existing_cuesheet_is_bad = true;
                                        }
                                        else if(e->total_samples_to_encode != cs->tracks[cs->num_tracks-1].offset) {
                                                flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: WARNING, lead-out offset of cuesheet in input FLAC file does not match input length, dropping existing cuesheet...\n", e->inbasefilename);
+                                               if(e->treat_warnings_as_errors) {
+                                                       static_metadata_clear(&static_metadata);
+                                                       return false;
+                                               }
                                                existing_cuesheet_is_bad = true;
                                        }
                                }
-                               if(flac_decoder_data->metadata_blocks[i]->type == FLAC__METADATA_TYPE_CUESHEET && (existing_cuesheet_is_bad || 0 != cuesheet)) {
-                                       if(0 != cuesheet)
+                               if(flac_decoder_data->metadata_blocks[i]->type == FLAC__METADATA_TYPE_CUESHEET && (existing_cuesheet_is_bad || 0 != static_metadata.cuesheet)) {
+                                       if(0 != static_metadata.cuesheet) {
                                                flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: WARNING, replacing cuesheet in input FLAC file with the one given on the command-line\n", e->inbasefilename);
+                                               if(e->treat_warnings_as_errors) {
+                                                       static_metadata_clear(&static_metadata);
+                                                       return false;
+                                               }
+                                       }
                                        FLAC__metadata_object_delete(flac_decoder_data->metadata_blocks[i]);
                                        flac_decoder_data->metadata_blocks[i] = 0;
                                }
@@ -1814,13 +1886,12 @@ FLAC__bool EncoderSession_init_encoder(EncoderSession *e, encode_options_t optio
                                        flac_decoder_data->metadata_blocks[j++] = flac_decoder_data->metadata_blocks[i];
                        }
                        flac_decoder_data->num_metadata_blocks = j;
-                       if(0 != cuesheet && flac_decoder_data->num_metadata_blocks < sizeof(flac_decoder_data->metadata_blocks)/sizeof(flac_decoder_data->metadata_blocks[0])) {
+                       if(0 != static_metadata.cuesheet && flac_decoder_data->num_metadata_blocks < sizeof(flac_decoder_data->metadata_blocks)/sizeof(flac_decoder_data->metadata_blocks[0])) {
                                /* prepend ours */
-                               FLAC__StreamMetadata *cs = FLAC__metadata_object_clone(cuesheet);
+                               FLAC__StreamMetadata *cs = FLAC__metadata_object_clone(static_metadata.cuesheet);
                                if(0 == cs) {
                                        flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR allocating memory for CUESHEET block\n", e->inbasefilename);
-                                       if(0 != cuesheet)
-                                               FLAC__metadata_object_delete(cuesheet);
+                                       static_metadata_clear(&static_metadata);
                                        return false;
                                }
                                for(i = flac_decoder_data->num_metadata_blocks; i > 1; i--)
@@ -1831,7 +1902,7 @@ FLAC__bool EncoderSession_init_encoder(EncoderSession *e, encode_options_t optio
                }
                {
                        /*
-                        * finally handle seektable: if -S- was specified, no
+                        * next handle seektable: if -S- was specified, no
                         * SEEKTABLE; else if -S was specified, use it/them;
                         * else if file has existing SEEKTABLE and input size is
                         * preserved (no --skip/--until/etc specified), keep it;
@@ -1848,12 +1919,22 @@ FLAC__bool EncoderSession_init_encoder(EncoderSession *e, encode_options_t optio
                                if(flac_decoder_data->metadata_blocks[i]->type == FLAC__METADATA_TYPE_SEEKTABLE)
                                        existing_seektable = true;
                                if(flac_decoder_data->metadata_blocks[i]->type == FLAC__METADATA_TYPE_SEEKTABLE && (e->total_samples_to_encode != flac_decoder_data->metadata_blocks[0]->data.stream_info.total_samples || options.num_requested_seek_points >= 0)) {
-                                       if(options.num_requested_seek_points > 0)
+                                       if(options.num_requested_seek_points > 0) {
                                                flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: WARNING, replacing seektable in input FLAC file with the one given on the command-line\n", e->inbasefilename);
+                                               if(e->treat_warnings_as_errors) {
+                                                       static_metadata_clear(&static_metadata);
+                                                       return false;
+                                               }
+                                       }
                                        else if(options.num_requested_seek_points == 0)
                                                ; /* no warning, silently delete existing SEEKTABLE since user specified --no-seektable (-S-) */
-                                       else
+                                       else {
                                                flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: WARNING, can't use existing seektable in input FLAC since the input size is changing or unknown, dropping existing SEEKTABLE block...\n", e->inbasefilename);
+                                               if(e->treat_warnings_as_errors) {
+                                                       static_metadata_clear(&static_metadata);
+                                                       return false;
+                                               }
+                                       }
                                        FLAC__metadata_object_delete(flac_decoder_data->metadata_blocks[i]);
                                        flac_decoder_data->metadata_blocks[i] = 0;
                                        existing_seektable = false;
@@ -1867,8 +1948,7 @@ FLAC__bool EncoderSession_init_encoder(EncoderSession *e, encode_options_t optio
                                FLAC__StreamMetadata *st = FLAC__metadata_object_clone(e->seek_table_template);
                                if(0 == st) {
                                        flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR allocating memory for SEEKTABLE block\n", e->inbasefilename);
-                                       if(0 != cuesheet)
-                                               FLAC__metadata_object_delete(cuesheet);
+                                       static_metadata_clear(&static_metadata);
                                        return false;
                                }
                                for(i = flac_decoder_data->num_metadata_blocks; i > 1; i--)
@@ -1877,6 +1957,47 @@ FLAC__bool EncoderSession_init_encoder(EncoderSession *e, encode_options_t optio
                                flac_decoder_data->num_metadata_blocks++;
                        }
                }
+               {
+                       /*
+                        * finally handle padding: if --no-padding was specified,
+                        * then delete all padding; else if -P was specified,
+                        * use that instead of existing padding (if any); else
+                        * if existing file has padding, move all existing
+                        * padding blocks to one padding block at the end; else
+                        * use default padding.
+                        */
+                       int p = -1;
+                       size_t i, j;
+                       for(i = 0, j = 0; i < flac_decoder_data->num_metadata_blocks; i++) {
+                               if(flac_decoder_data->metadata_blocks[i]->type == FLAC__METADATA_TYPE_PADDING) {
+                                       if(p < 0)
+                                               p = 0;
+                                       p += flac_decoder_data->metadata_blocks[i]->length;
+                                       FLAC__metadata_object_delete(flac_decoder_data->metadata_blocks[i]);
+                                       flac_decoder_data->metadata_blocks[i] = 0;
+                               }
+                               else
+                                       flac_decoder_data->metadata_blocks[j++] = flac_decoder_data->metadata_blocks[i];
+                       }
+                       flac_decoder_data->num_metadata_blocks = j;
+                       if(options.padding > 0)
+                               p = options.padding;
+                       if(p < 0)
+                               p = e->total_samples_to_encode / sample_rate < 20*60? FLAC_ENCODE__DEFAULT_PADDING : FLAC_ENCODE__DEFAULT_PADDING*8;
+                       if(options.padding != 0) {
+                               if(p > 0 && flac_decoder_data->num_metadata_blocks < sizeof(flac_decoder_data->metadata_blocks)/sizeof(flac_decoder_data->metadata_blocks[0])) {
+                                       flac_decoder_data->metadata_blocks[flac_decoder_data->num_metadata_blocks] = FLAC__metadata_object_new(FLAC__METADATA_TYPE_PADDING);
+                                       if(0 == flac_decoder_data->metadata_blocks[flac_decoder_data->num_metadata_blocks]) {
+                                               flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR allocating memory for PADDING block\n", e->inbasefilename);
+                                               static_metadata_clear(&static_metadata);
+                                               return false;
+                                       }
+                                       flac_decoder_data->metadata_blocks[flac_decoder_data->num_metadata_blocks]->is_last = false; /* the encoder will set this for us */
+                                       flac_decoder_data->metadata_blocks[flac_decoder_data->num_metadata_blocks]->length = p;
+                                       flac_decoder_data->num_metadata_blocks++;
+                               }
+                       }
+               }
                metadata = &flac_decoder_data->metadata_blocks[1]; /* don't include STREAMINFO */
                num_metadata = flac_decoder_data->num_metadata_blocks - 1;
        }
@@ -1885,30 +2006,44 @@ FLAC__bool EncoderSession_init_encoder(EncoderSession *e, encode_options_t optio
                 * we're not encoding from FLAC so we will build the metadata
                 * from scratch
                 */
-               num_metadata = 0;
+               const foreign_metadata_t *foreign_metadata = EncoderSession_format_is_iff(e)? options.format_options.iff.foreign_metadata : 0;
+
                if(e->seek_table_template->data.seek_table.num_points > 0) {
                        e->seek_table_template->is_last = false; /* the encoder will set this for us */
-                       metadata[num_metadata++] = e->seek_table_template;
+                       static_metadata_append(&static_metadata, e->seek_table_template, /*needs_delete=*/false);
                }
-               if(0 != cuesheet)
-                       metadata[num_metadata++] = cuesheet;
-               if(channel_mask) {
-                       if(!flac__utils_set_channel_mask_tag(options.vorbis_comment, channel_mask)) {
+               if(0 != static_metadata.cuesheet)
+                       static_metadata_append(&static_metadata, static_metadata.cuesheet, /*needs_delete=*/false);
+               if(e->info.channel_mask) {
+                       if(!flac__utils_set_channel_mask_tag(options.vorbis_comment, e->info.channel_mask)) {
                                flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR adding channel mask tag\n", e->inbasefilename);
-                               if(0 != cuesheet)
-                                       FLAC__metadata_object_delete(cuesheet);
+                               static_metadata_clear(&static_metadata);
                                return false;
                        }
                }
-               metadata[num_metadata++] = options.vorbis_comment;
+               static_metadata_append(&static_metadata, options.vorbis_comment, /*needs_delete=*/false);
                for(i = 0; i < options.num_pictures; i++)
-                       metadata[num_metadata++] = options.pictures[i];
+                       static_metadata_append(&static_metadata, options.pictures[i], /*needs_delete=*/false);
+               if(foreign_metadata) {
+                       for(i = 0; i < foreign_metadata->num_blocks; i++) {
+                               FLAC__StreamMetadata *p = FLAC__metadata_object_new(FLAC__METADATA_TYPE_PADDING);
+                               if(!p) {
+                                       flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: out of memory\n", e->inbasefilename);
+                                       static_metadata_clear(&static_metadata);
+                                       return false;
+                               }
+                               static_metadata_append(&static_metadata, p, /*needs_delete=*/true);
+                               static_metadata.metadata[static_metadata.num_metadata-1]->length = FLAC__STREAM_METADATA_APPLICATION_ID_LEN/8 + foreign_metadata->blocks[i].size;
+                       }
+               }
                if(options.padding != 0) {
                        padding.is_last = false; /* the encoder will set this for us */
                        padding.type = FLAC__METADATA_TYPE_PADDING;
-                       padding.length = (unsigned)(options.padding>0? options.padding : (e->total_samples_to_encode / e->sample_rate < 20*60? FLAC_ENCODE__DEFAULT_PADDING : FLAC_ENCODE__DEFAULT_PADDING*8));
-                       metadata[num_metadata++] = &padding;
+                       padding.length = (unsigned)(options.padding>0? options.padding : (e->total_samples_to_encode / sample_rate < 20*60? FLAC_ENCODE__DEFAULT_PADDING : FLAC_ENCODE__DEFAULT_PADDING*8));
+                       static_metadata_append(&static_metadata, &padding, /*needs_delete=*/false);
                }
+               metadata = static_metadata.metadata;
+               num_metadata = static_metadata.num_metadata;
        }
 
        /* check for a few things that have not already been checked.  the
@@ -1917,8 +2052,7 @@ FLAC__bool EncoderSession_init_encoder(EncoderSession *e, encode_options_t optio
         * up front to give a better error message.
         */
        if(!verify_metadata(e, metadata, num_metadata)) {
-               if(0 != cuesheet)
-                       FLAC__metadata_object_delete(cuesheet);
+               static_metadata_clear(&static_metadata);
                return false;
        }
 
@@ -1945,8 +2079,7 @@ FLAC__bool EncoderSession_init_encoder(EncoderSession *e, encode_options_t optio
                        case CST_APODIZATION:
                                if(strlen(apodizations)+strlen(options.compression_settings[i].value.t_string)+2 >= sizeof(apodizations)) {
                                        flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: too many apodization functions requested\n", e->inbasefilename);
-                                       if(0 != cuesheet)
-                                               FLAC__metadata_object_delete(cuesheet);
+                                       static_metadata_clear(&static_metadata);
                                        return false;
                                }
                                else {
@@ -1988,6 +2121,14 @@ FLAC__bool EncoderSession_init_encoder(EncoderSession *e, encode_options_t optio
        FLAC__stream_encoder_disable_constant_subframes(e->encoder, options.debug.disable_constant_subframes);
        FLAC__stream_encoder_disable_fixed_subframes(e->encoder, options.debug.disable_fixed_subframes);
        FLAC__stream_encoder_disable_verbatim_subframes(e->encoder, options.debug.disable_verbatim_subframes);
+       if(!options.debug.do_md5) {
+               flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: WARNING, MD5 computation disabled, resulting file will not have MD5 sum\n", e->inbasefilename);
+               if(e->treat_warnings_as_errors) {
+                       static_metadata_clear(&static_metadata);
+                       return false;
+               }
+               FLAC__stream_encoder_set_do_md5(e->encoder, false);
+       }
 
 #if FLAC__HAS_OGG
        if(e->use_ogg) {
@@ -2005,8 +2146,7 @@ FLAC__bool EncoderSession_init_encoder(EncoderSession *e, encode_options_t optio
                print_error_with_init_status(e, "ERROR initializing encoder", init_status);
                if(FLAC__stream_encoder_get_state(e->encoder) != FLAC__STREAM_ENCODER_IO_ERROR)
                        e->outputfile_opened = true;
-               if(0 != cuesheet)
-                       FLAC__metadata_object_delete(cuesheet);
+               static_metadata_clear(&static_metadata);
                return false;
        }
        else
@@ -2017,8 +2157,7 @@ FLAC__bool EncoderSession_init_encoder(EncoderSession *e, encode_options_t optio
                (FLAC__stream_encoder_get_do_exhaustive_model_search(e->encoder) || FLAC__stream_encoder_get_do_qlp_coeff_prec_search(e->encoder))? 0x0f :
                0x3f;
 
-       if(0 != cuesheet)
-               FLAC__metadata_object_delete(cuesheet);
+       static_metadata_clear(&static_metadata);
 
        return true;
 }
@@ -2026,14 +2165,26 @@ FLAC__bool EncoderSession_init_encoder(EncoderSession *e, encode_options_t optio
 FLAC__bool EncoderSession_process(EncoderSession *e, const FLAC__int32 * const buffer[], unsigned samples)
 {
        if(e->replay_gain) {
-               if(!grabbag__replaygain_analyze(buffer, e->channels==2, e->bits_per_sample, samples)) {
+               if(!grabbag__replaygain_analyze(buffer, e->info.channels==2, e->info.bits_per_sample, samples)) {
                        flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: WARNING, error while calculating ReplayGain\n", e->inbasefilename);
+                       if(e->treat_warnings_as_errors)
+                               return false;
                }
        }
 
        return FLAC__stream_encoder_process(e->encoder, buffer, samples);
 }
 
+FLAC__bool EncoderSession_format_is_iff(const EncoderSession *e)
+{
+       return
+               e->format == FORMAT_WAVE ||
+               e->format == FORMAT_WAVE64 ||
+               e->format == FORMAT_RF64 ||
+               e->format == FORMAT_AIFF ||
+               e->format == FORMAT_AIFF_C;
+}
+
 FLAC__bool convert_to_seek_table_template(const char *requested_seek_points, int num_requested_seek_points, FLAC__StreamMetadata *cuesheet, EncoderSession *e)
 {
        const FLAC__bool only_placeholders = e->is_stdout;
@@ -2043,12 +2194,18 @@ FLAC__bool convert_to_seek_table_template(const char *requested_seek_points, int
                return true;
 
        if(num_requested_seek_points < 0) {
-               requested_seek_points = "10s;";
+#if FLAC__HAS_OGG
+               /*@@@@@@ workaround ogg bug: too many seekpoints makes table not fit in one page */
+               if(e->use_ogg && e->total_samples_to_encode > 0 && e->total_samples_to_encode / e->info.sample_rate / 10 > 230)
+                       requested_seek_points = "230x;";
+               else
+#endif
+                       requested_seek_points = "10s;";
                num_requested_seek_points = 1;
        }
 
        if(num_requested_seek_points > 0) {
-               if(!grabbag__seektable_convert_specification_to_template(requested_seek_points, only_placeholders, e->total_samples_to_encode, e->sample_rate, e->seek_table_template, &has_real_points))
+               if(!grabbag__seektable_convert_specification_to_template(requested_seek_points, only_placeholders, e->total_samples_to_encode, e->info.sample_rate, e->seek_table_template, &has_real_points))
                        return false;
        }
 
@@ -2071,6 +2228,8 @@ FLAC__bool convert_to_seek_table_template(const char *requested_seek_points, int
        if(has_real_points) {
                if(e->is_stdout) {
                        flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: WARNING, cannot write back seekpoints when encoding to stdout\n", e->inbasefilename);
+                       if(e->treat_warnings_as_errors)
+                               return false;
                }
        }
 
@@ -2263,21 +2422,23 @@ FLAC__bool format_input(FLAC__int32 *dest[], unsigned wide_samples, FLAC__bool i
 
 void encoder_progress_callback(const FLAC__StreamEncoder *encoder, FLAC__uint64 bytes_written, FLAC__uint64 samples_written, unsigned frames_written, unsigned total_frames_estimate, void *client_data)
 {
-       EncoderSession *encoder_session = (EncoderSession*)client_data;
+       EncoderSession *e = (EncoderSession*)client_data;
 
        (void)encoder, (void)total_frames_estimate;
 
-       encoder_session->bytes_written = bytes_written;
-       encoder_session->samples_written = samples_written;
+       e->bytes_written = bytes_written;
+       e->samples_written = samples_written;
 
-       if(encoder_session->total_samples_to_encode > 0 && !((frames_written-1) & encoder_session->stats_mask))
-               print_stats(encoder_session);
+       if(e->total_samples_to_encode > 0 && !((frames_written-1) & e->stats_mask))
+               print_stats(e);
 }
 
 FLAC__StreamDecoderReadStatus flac_decoder_read_callback(const FLAC__StreamDecoder *decoder, FLAC__byte buffer[], size_t *bytes, void *client_data)
 {
        size_t n = 0;
-       FLACDecoderData *data = (FLACDecoderData*)client_data;
+       EncoderSession *e = (EncoderSession*)client_data;
+    FLACDecoderData *data = &e->fmt.flac.client_data;
+
        (void)decoder;
 
        if (data->fatal_error)
@@ -2294,8 +2455,8 @@ FLAC__StreamDecoderReadStatus flac_decoder_read_callback(const FLAC__StreamDecod
 
        /* get the rest from file */
        if (*bytes > n) {
-               *bytes = n + fread(buffer, 1, *bytes-n, data->encoder_session->fin);
-               if(ferror(data->encoder_session->fin))
+               *bytes = n + fread(buffer, 1, *bytes-n, e->fin);
+               if(ferror(e->fin))
                        return FLAC__STREAM_DECODER_READ_STATUS_ABORT;
                else if(0 == *bytes)
                        return FLAC__STREAM_DECODER_READ_STATUS_END_OF_STREAM;
@@ -2308,10 +2469,10 @@ FLAC__StreamDecoderReadStatus flac_decoder_read_callback(const FLAC__StreamDecod
 
 FLAC__StreamDecoderSeekStatus flac_decoder_seek_callback(const FLAC__StreamDecoder *decoder, FLAC__uint64 absolute_byte_offset, void *client_data)
 {
-       FLACDecoderData *data = (FLACDecoderData*)client_data;
+       EncoderSession *e = (EncoderSession*)client_data;
        (void)decoder;
 
-       if(fseeko(data->encoder_session->fin, (off_t)absolute_byte_offset, SEEK_SET) < 0)
+       if(fseeko(e->fin, (off_t)absolute_byte_offset, SEEK_SET) < 0)
                return FLAC__STREAM_DECODER_SEEK_STATUS_ERROR;
        else
                return FLAC__STREAM_DECODER_SEEK_STATUS_OK;
@@ -2319,11 +2480,11 @@ FLAC__StreamDecoderSeekStatus flac_decoder_seek_callback(const FLAC__StreamDecod
 
 FLAC__StreamDecoderTellStatus flac_decoder_tell_callback(const FLAC__StreamDecoder *decoder, FLAC__uint64 *absolute_byte_offset, void *client_data)
 {
-       FLACDecoderData *data = (FLACDecoderData*)client_data;
+       EncoderSession *e = (EncoderSession*)client_data;
        off_t pos;
        (void)decoder;
 
-       if((pos = ftello(data->encoder_session->fin)) < 0)
+       if((pos = ftello(e->fin)) < 0)
                return FLAC__STREAM_DECODER_TELL_STATUS_ERROR;
        else {
                *absolute_byte_offset = (FLAC__uint64)pos;
@@ -2333,10 +2494,11 @@ FLAC__StreamDecoderTellStatus flac_decoder_tell_callback(const FLAC__StreamDecod
 
 FLAC__StreamDecoderLengthStatus flac_decoder_length_callback(const FLAC__StreamDecoder *decoder, FLAC__uint64 *stream_length, void *client_data)
 {
-       FLACDecoderData *data = (FLACDecoderData*)client_data;
+       const EncoderSession *e = (EncoderSession*)client_data;
+    const FLACDecoderData *data = &e->fmt.flac.client_data;
        (void)decoder;
 
-       if(0 == data->filesize)
+       if(data->filesize < 0)
                return FLAC__STREAM_DECODER_LENGTH_STATUS_ERROR;
        else {
                *stream_length = (FLAC__uint64)data->filesize;
@@ -2346,20 +2508,21 @@ FLAC__StreamDecoderLengthStatus flac_decoder_length_callback(const FLAC__StreamD
 
 FLAC__bool flac_decoder_eof_callback(const FLAC__StreamDecoder *decoder, void *client_data)
 {
-       FLACDecoderData *data = (FLACDecoderData*)client_data;
+       EncoderSession *e = (EncoderSession*)client_data;
        (void)decoder;
 
-       return feof(data->encoder_session->fin)? true : false;
+       return feof(e->fin)? true : false;
 }
 
 FLAC__StreamDecoderWriteStatus flac_decoder_write_callback(const FLAC__StreamDecoder *decoder, const FLAC__Frame *frame, const FLAC__int32 * const buffer[], void *client_data)
 {
-       FLACDecoderData *data = (FLACDecoderData*)client_data;
+       EncoderSession *e = (EncoderSession*)client_data;
+    FLACDecoderData *data = &e->fmt.flac.client_data;
        FLAC__uint64 n = min(data->samples_left_to_process, frame->header.blocksize);
        (void)decoder;
 
-       if(!EncoderSession_process(data->encoder_session, buffer, (unsigned)n)) {
-               print_error_with_state(data->encoder_session, "ERROR during encoding");
+       if(!EncoderSession_process(e, buffer, (unsigned)n)) {
+               print_error_with_state(e, "ERROR during encoding");
                data->fatal_error = true;
                return FLAC__STREAM_DECODER_WRITE_STATUS_ABORT;
        }
@@ -2370,7 +2533,8 @@ FLAC__StreamDecoderWriteStatus flac_decoder_write_callback(const FLAC__StreamDec
 
 void flac_decoder_metadata_callback(const FLAC__StreamDecoder *decoder, const FLAC__StreamMetadata *metadata, void *client_data)
 {
-       FLACDecoderData *data = (FLACDecoderData*)client_data;
+       EncoderSession *e = (EncoderSession*)client_data;
+    FLACDecoderData *data = &e->fmt.flac.client_data;
        (void)decoder;
 
        if (data->fatal_error)
@@ -2387,15 +2551,16 @@ void flac_decoder_metadata_callback(const FLAC__StreamDecoder *decoder, const FL
 
 void flac_decoder_error_callback(const FLAC__StreamDecoder *decoder, FLAC__StreamDecoderErrorStatus status, void *client_data)
 {
-       FLACDecoderData *data = (FLACDecoderData*)client_data;
+       EncoderSession *e = (EncoderSession*)client_data;
+    FLACDecoderData *data = &e->fmt.flac.client_data;
        (void)decoder;
 
-       flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR got %s while decoding FLAC input\n", data->encoder_session->inbasefilename, FLAC__StreamDecoderErrorStatusString[status]);
-       if(!data->encoder_session->continue_through_decode_errors)
+       flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR got %s while decoding FLAC input\n", e->inbasefilename, FLAC__StreamDecoderErrorStatusString[status]);
+       if(!e->continue_through_decode_errors)
                data->fatal_error = true;
 }
 
-FLAC__bool parse_cuesheet(FLAC__StreamMetadata **cuesheet, const char *cuesheet_filename, const char *inbasefilename, FLAC__bool is_cdda, FLAC__uint64 lead_out_offset)
+FLAC__bool parse_cuesheet(FLAC__StreamMetadata **cuesheet, const char *cuesheet_filename, const char *inbasefilename, FLAC__bool is_cdda, FLAC__uint64 lead_out_offset, FLAC__bool treat_warnings_as_errors)
 {
        FILE *f;
        unsigned last_line_read;
@@ -2431,6 +2596,8 @@ FLAC__bool parse_cuesheet(FLAC__StreamMetadata **cuesheet, const char *cuesheet_
        /* if we're expecting CDDA, warn about non-compliance */
        if(is_cdda && !FLAC__format_cuesheet_is_legal(&(*cuesheet)->data.cue_sheet, /*check_cd_da_subset=*/true, &error_message)) {
                flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: WARNING cuesheet \"%s\" is not audio CD compliant: %s\n", inbasefilename, cuesheet_filename, error_message);
+               if(treat_warnings_as_errors)
+                       return false;
                (*cuesheet)->data.cue_sheet.is_cd = false;
        }
 
@@ -2440,26 +2607,32 @@ FLAC__bool parse_cuesheet(FLAC__StreamMetadata **cuesheet, const char *cuesheet_
 void print_stats(const EncoderSession *encoder_session)
 {
        const FLAC__uint64 samples_written = min(encoder_session->total_samples_to_encode, encoder_session->samples_written);
+       const FLAC__uint64 uesize = encoder_session->unencoded_size;
 #if defined _MSC_VER || defined __MINGW32__
        /* with MSVC you have to spoon feed it the casting */
        const double progress = (double)(FLAC__int64)samples_written / (double)(FLAC__int64)encoder_session->total_samples_to_encode;
-       const double ratio = (double)(FLAC__int64)encoder_session->bytes_written / ((double)(FLAC__int64)encoder_session->unencoded_size * min(1.0, progress));
+       const double ratio = (double)(FLAC__int64)encoder_session->bytes_written / ((double)(FLAC__int64)(uesize? uesize:1) * min(1.0, progress));
 #else
        const double progress = (double)samples_written / (double)encoder_session->total_samples_to_encode;
-       const double ratio = (double)encoder_session->bytes_written / ((double)encoder_session->unencoded_size * min(1.0, progress));
+       const double ratio = (double)encoder_session->bytes_written / ((double)(uesize? uesize:1) * min(1.0, progress));
 #endif
 
+       FLAC__ASSERT(encoder_session->total_samples_to_encode > 0);
+
        if(samples_written == encoder_session->total_samples_to_encode) {
-               flac__utils_printf(stderr, 2, "\r%s:%s wrote %u bytes, ratio=%0.3f",
+               flac__utils_printf(stderr, 2, "\r%s:%s wrote %u bytes, ratio=",
                        encoder_session->inbasefilename,
                        encoder_session->verify? " Verify OK," : "",
-                       (unsigned)encoder_session->bytes_written,
-                       ratio
+                       (unsigned)encoder_session->bytes_written
                );
        }
        else {
-               flac__utils_printf(stderr, 2, "\r%s: %u%% complete, ratio=%0.3f", encoder_session->inbasefilename, (unsigned)floor(progress * 100.0 + 0.5), ratio);
+               flac__utils_printf(stderr, 2, "\r%s: %u%% complete, ratio=", encoder_session->inbasefilename, (unsigned)floor(progress * 100.0 + 0.5));
        }
+       if(uesize)
+               flac__utils_printf(stderr, 2, "%0.3f", ratio);
+       else
+               flac__utils_printf(stderr, 2, "N/A");
 }
 
 void print_error_with_init_status(const EncoderSession *e, const char *message, FLAC__StreamEncoderInitStatus init_status)
@@ -2550,9 +2723,9 @@ void print_verify_error(EncoderSession *e)
        flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "Verify FAILED!  Do not trust %s\n", e->outfilename);
 }
 
-FLAC__bool read_little_endian_uint16(FILE *f, FLAC__uint16 *val, FLAC__bool eof_ok, const char *fn)
+FLAC__bool read_bytes(FILE *f, FLAC__byte *buf, size_t n, FLAC__bool eof_ok, const char *fn)
 {
-       size_t bytes_read = fread(val, 1, 2, f);
+       size_t bytes_read = fread(buf, 1, n, f);
 
        if(bytes_read == 0) {
                if(!eof_ok) {
@@ -2562,111 +2735,76 @@ FLAC__bool read_little_endian_uint16(FILE *f, FLAC__uint16 *val, FLAC__bool eof_
                else
                        return true;
        }
-       else if(bytes_read < 2) {
+       if(bytes_read < n) {
                flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: unexpected EOF\n", fn);
                return false;
        }
-       else {
-               if(is_big_endian_host_) {
-                       FLAC__byte tmp, *b = (FLAC__byte*)val;
-                       tmp = b[1]; b[1] = b[0]; b[0] = tmp;
-               }
-               return true;
-       }
+       return true;
 }
 
-FLAC__bool read_little_endian_uint32(FILE *f, FLAC__uint32 *val, FLAC__bool eof_ok, const char *fn)
+FLAC__bool read_uint16(FILE *f, FLAC__bool big_endian, FLAC__uint16 *val, const char *fn)
 {
-       size_t bytes_read = fread(val, 1, 4, f);
-
-       if(bytes_read == 0) {
-               if(!eof_ok) {
-                       flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: unexpected EOF\n", fn);
-                       return false;
-               }
-               else
-                       return true;
-       }
-       else if(bytes_read < 4) {
-               flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: unexpected EOF\n", fn);
+       if(!read_bytes(f, (FLAC__byte*)val, 2, /*eof_ok=*/false, fn))
                return false;
+       if(is_big_endian_host_ != big_endian) {
+               FLAC__byte tmp, *b = (FLAC__byte*)val;
+               tmp = b[1]; b[1] = b[0]; b[0] = tmp;
        }
-       else {
-               if(is_big_endian_host_) {
-                       FLAC__byte tmp, *b = (FLAC__byte*)val;
-                       tmp = b[3]; b[3] = b[0]; b[0] = tmp;
-                       tmp = b[2]; b[2] = b[1]; b[1] = tmp;
-               }
-               return true;
-       }
+       return true;
 }
 
-FLAC__bool read_big_endian_uint16(FILE *f, FLAC__uint16 *val, FLAC__bool eof_ok, const char *fn)
+FLAC__bool read_uint32(FILE *f, FLAC__bool big_endian, FLAC__uint32 *val, const char *fn)
 {
-       unsigned char buf[4];
-       size_t bytes_read= fread(buf, 1, 2, f);
-
-       if(bytes_read==0U && eof_ok)
-               return true;
-       else if(bytes_read<2U) {
-               flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: unexpected EOF\n", fn);
+       if(!read_bytes(f, (FLAC__byte*)val, 4, /*eof_ok=*/false, fn))
                return false;
+       if(is_big_endian_host_ != big_endian) {
+               FLAC__byte tmp, *b = (FLAC__byte*)val;
+               tmp = b[3]; b[3] = b[0]; b[0] = tmp;
+               tmp = b[2]; b[2] = b[1]; b[1] = tmp;
        }
-
-       /* this is independent of host endianness */
-       *val= (FLAC__uint16)(buf[0])<<8 | buf[1];
-
        return true;
 }
 
-FLAC__bool read_big_endian_uint32(FILE *f, FLAC__uint32 *val, FLAC__bool eof_ok, const char *fn)
+FLAC__bool read_uint64(FILE *f, FLAC__bool big_endian, FLAC__uint64 *val, const char *fn)
 {
-       unsigned char buf[4];
-       size_t bytes_read= fread(buf, 1, 4, f);
-
-       if(bytes_read==0U && eof_ok)
-               return true;
-       else if(bytes_read<4U) {
-               flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: unexpected EOF\n", fn);
+       if(!read_bytes(f, (FLAC__byte*)val, 8, /*eof_ok=*/false, fn))
                return false;
+       if(is_big_endian_host_ != big_endian) {
+               FLAC__byte tmp, *b = (FLAC__byte*)val;
+               tmp = b[7]; b[7] = b[0]; b[0] = tmp;
+               tmp = b[6]; b[6] = b[1]; b[1] = tmp;
+               tmp = b[5]; b[5] = b[2]; b[2] = tmp;
+               tmp = b[4]; b[4] = b[3]; b[3] = tmp;
        }
-
-       /* this is independent of host endianness */
-       *val= (FLAC__uint32)(buf[0])<<24 | (FLAC__uint32)(buf[1])<<16 |
-               (FLAC__uint32)(buf[2])<<8 | buf[3];
-
        return true;
 }
 
-FLAC__bool read_sane_extended(FILE *f, FLAC__uint32 *val, FLAC__bool eof_ok, const char *fn)
+FLAC__bool read_sane_extended(FILE *f, FLAC__uint32 *val, const char *fn)
        /* Read an IEEE 754 80-bit (aka SANE) extended floating point value from 'f',
         * convert it into an integral value and store in 'val'.  Return false if only
-        * between 1 and 9 bytes remain in 'f', if 0 bytes remain in 'f' and 'eof_ok' is
-        * false, or if the value is negative, between zero and one, or too large to be
-        * represented by 'val'; return true otherwise.
+        * between 1 and 9 bytes remain in 'f', if 0 bytes remain in 'f', or if the
+        * value is negative, between zero and one, or too large to be represented by
+        * 'val'; return true otherwise.
         */
 {
        unsigned int i;
-       unsigned char buf[10];
-       size_t bytes_read= fread(buf, 1U, 10U, f);
-       FLAC__int16 e= ((FLAC__uint16)(buf[0])<<8 | (FLAC__uint16)(buf[1]))-0x3FFF;
-       FLAC__int16 shift= 63-e;
-       FLAC__uint64 p= 0U;
+       FLAC__byte buf[10];
+       FLAC__uint64 p = 0;
+       FLAC__int16 e;
+       FLAC__int16 shift;
 
-       if(bytes_read==0U && eof_ok)
-               return true;
-       else if(bytes_read<10U) {
-               flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: unexpected EOF\n", fn);
+       if(!read_bytes(f, buf, sizeof(buf), /*eof_ok=*/false, fn))
                return false;
-       }
-       else if((buf[0]>>7)==1U || e<0 || e>63) {
+       e = ((FLAC__uint16)(buf[0])<<8 | (FLAC__uint16)(buf[1]))-0x3FFF;
+       shift = 63-e;
+       if((buf[0]>>7)==1U || e<0 || e>63) {
                flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: invalid floating-point value\n", fn);
                return false;
        }
 
-       for(i= 0U; i<8U; ++i)
-               p|= (FLAC__uint64)(buf[i+2])<<(56U-i*8);
-       *val= (FLAC__uint32)((p>>shift)+(p>>(shift-1) & 0x1));
+       for(i = 0; i < 8; ++i)
+               p |= (FLAC__uint64)(buf[i+2])<<(56U-i*8);
+       *val = (FLAC__uint32)((p>>shift)+(p>>(shift-1) & 0x1));
 
        return true;
 }
@@ -2675,23 +2813,29 @@ FLAC__bool fskip_ahead(FILE *f, FLAC__uint64 offset)
 {
        static unsigned char dump[8192];
 
-       while(offset > 0) {
-               long need = (long)min(offset, LONG_MAX);
-               if(fseeko(f, need, SEEK_CUR) < 0) {
-                       need = (long)min(offset, sizeof(dump));
+#ifdef _MSC_VER
+       if(f == stdin) {
+               /* MS' stdio impl can't even seek forward on stdin, have to use pure non-fseek() version: */
+               while(offset > 0) {
+                       const long need = (long)min(offset, sizeof(dump));
                        if((long)fread(dump, 1, need, f) < need)
                                return false;
+                       offset -= need;
                }
-               offset -= need;
-       }
-#if 0 /* pure non-fseek() version */
-       while(offset > 0) {
-               const long need = (long)min(offset, sizeof(dump));
-               if(fread(dump, 1, need, f) < need)
-                       return false;
-               offset -= need;
        }
+       else
 #endif
+       {
+               while(offset > 0) {
+                       long need = (long)min(offset, LONG_MAX);
+                       if(fseeko(f, need, SEEK_CUR) < 0) {
+                               need = (long)min(offset, sizeof(dump));
+                               if((long)fread(dump, 1, need, f) < need)
+                                       return false;
+                       }
+                       offset -= need;
+               }
+       }
        return true;
 }
 
@@ -2706,6 +2850,7 @@ unsigned count_channel_mask_bits(FLAC__uint32 mask)
        return count;
 }
 
+#if 0
 FLAC__uint32 limit_channel_mask(FLAC__uint32 mask, unsigned channels)
 {
        FLAC__uint32 x = 0x80000000;
@@ -2720,3 +2865,4 @@ FLAC__uint32 limit_channel_mask(FLAC__uint32 mask, unsigned channels)
        FLAC__ASSERT(count_channel_mask_bits(mask) == channels);
        return mask;
 }
+#endif