increase progress report rate with -p and -e used together (SF#1580122: http://source...
[flac.git] / src / flac / encode.c
1 /* flac - Command-line FLAC encoder/decoder
2  * Copyright (C) 2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006  Josh Coalson
3  *
4  * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
5  * modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
6  * as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2
7  * of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
8  *
9  * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
10  * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
11  * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
12  * GNU General Public License for more details.
13  *
14  * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
15  * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
16  * Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place - Suite 330, Boston, MA  02111-1307, USA.
17  */
18
19 #if HAVE_CONFIG_H
20 #  include <config.h>
21 #endif
22
23 #if defined _WIN32 && !defined __CYGWIN__
24 /* where MSVC puts unlink() */
25 # include <io.h>
26 #else
27 # include <unistd.h>
28 #endif
29 #if defined _MSC_VER || defined __MINGW32__
30 #include <sys/types.h> /* for off_t */
31 #if _MSC_VER <= 1200 /* @@@ [2G limit] */
32 #define fseeko fseek
33 #define ftello ftell
34 #endif
35 #endif
36 #include <errno.h>
37 #include <limits.h> /* for LONG_MAX */
38 #include <math.h> /* for floor() */
39 #include <stdio.h> /* for FILE etc. */
40 #include <stdlib.h> /* for malloc */
41 #include <string.h> /* for strcmp(), strerror( */
42 #include "FLAC/all.h"
43 #include "share/grabbag.h"
44 #include "encode.h"
45
46 #ifdef min
47 #undef min
48 #endif
49 #define min(x,y) ((x)<(y)?(x):(y))
50 #ifdef max
51 #undef max
52 #endif
53 #define max(x,y) ((x)>(y)?(x):(y))
54
55 /* this MUST be >= 588 so that sector aligning can take place with one read */
56 #define CHUNK_OF_SAMPLES 2048
57
58 typedef struct {
59 #ifdef FLAC__HAS_OGG
60         FLAC__bool use_ogg;
61 #endif
62         FLAC__bool verify;
63         FLAC__bool is_stdout;
64         FLAC__bool outputfile_opened; /* true if we successfully opened the output file and we want it to be deleted if there is an error */
65         const char *inbasefilename;
66         const char *outfilename;
67
68         FLAC__uint64 skip;
69         FLAC__uint64 until; /* a value of 0 mean end-of-stream (i.e. --until=-0) */
70         FLAC__bool replay_gain;
71         unsigned channels;
72         unsigned bits_per_sample;
73         unsigned sample_rate;
74         FLAC__uint64 unencoded_size;
75         FLAC__uint64 total_samples_to_encode;
76         FLAC__uint64 bytes_written;
77         FLAC__uint64 samples_written;
78         unsigned stats_mask;
79
80         FLAC__StreamEncoder *encoder;
81
82         FILE *fin;
83         FLAC__StreamMetadata *seek_table_template;
84 } EncoderSession;
85
86 /* this is data attached to the FLAC decoder when encoding from a FLAC file */
87 typedef struct {
88         EncoderSession *encoder_session;
89         off_t filesize;
90         const FLAC__byte *lookahead;
91         unsigned lookahead_length;
92         size_t num_metadata_blocks;
93         FLAC__StreamMetadata *metadata_blocks[1024]; /*@@@ BAD MAGIC number */
94         FLAC__uint64 samples_left_to_process;
95         FLAC__bool fatal_error;
96 } FLACDecoderData;
97
98 const int FLAC_ENCODE__DEFAULT_PADDING = 8192;
99
100 static FLAC__bool is_big_endian_host_;
101
102 static unsigned char ucbuffer_[CHUNK_OF_SAMPLES*FLAC__MAX_CHANNELS*((FLAC__REFERENCE_CODEC_MAX_BITS_PER_SAMPLE+7)/8)];
103 static signed char *scbuffer_ = (signed char *)ucbuffer_;
104 static FLAC__uint16 *usbuffer_ = (FLAC__uint16 *)ucbuffer_;
105 static FLAC__int16 *ssbuffer_ = (FLAC__int16 *)ucbuffer_;
106
107 static FLAC__int32 in_[FLAC__MAX_CHANNELS][CHUNK_OF_SAMPLES];
108 static FLAC__int32 *input_[FLAC__MAX_CHANNELS];
109
110
111 /*
112  * unpublished debug routines from the FLAC libs
113  */
114 extern FLAC__bool FLAC__stream_encoder_disable_constant_subframes(FLAC__StreamEncoder *encoder, FLAC__bool value);
115 extern FLAC__bool FLAC__stream_encoder_disable_fixed_subframes(FLAC__StreamEncoder *encoder, FLAC__bool value);
116 extern FLAC__bool FLAC__stream_encoder_disable_verbatim_subframes(FLAC__StreamEncoder *encoder, FLAC__bool value);
117
118 /*
119  * local routines
120  */
121 static FLAC__bool EncoderSession_construct(EncoderSession *e, FLAC__bool use_ogg, FLAC__bool verify, FILE *infile, const char *infilename, const char *outfilename);
122 static void EncoderSession_destroy(EncoderSession *e);
123 static int EncoderSession_finish_ok(EncoderSession *e, int info_align_carry, int info_align_zero);
124 static int EncoderSession_finish_error(EncoderSession *e);
125 static FLAC__bool EncoderSession_init_encoder(EncoderSession *e, encode_options_t options, FLAC__uint32 channel_mask, unsigned channels, unsigned bps, unsigned sample_rate, FLACDecoderData *flac_decoder_data);
126 static FLAC__bool EncoderSession_process(EncoderSession *e, const FLAC__int32 * const buffer[], unsigned samples);
127 static FLAC__bool convert_to_seek_table_template(const char *requested_seek_points, int num_requested_seek_points, FLAC__StreamMetadata *cuesheet, EncoderSession *e);
128 static FLAC__bool canonicalize_until_specification(utils__SkipUntilSpecification *spec, const char *inbasefilename, unsigned sample_rate, FLAC__uint64 skip, FLAC__uint64 total_samples_in_input);
129 static FLAC__bool verify_metadata(const EncoderSession *e, FLAC__StreamMetadata **metadata, unsigned num_metadata);
130 static FLAC__bool format_input(FLAC__int32 *dest[], unsigned wide_samples, FLAC__bool is_big_endian, FLAC__bool is_unsigned_samples, unsigned channels, unsigned bps, unsigned shift, size_t *channel_map);
131 static void encoder_progress_callback(const FLAC__StreamEncoder *encoder, FLAC__uint64 bytes_written, FLAC__uint64 samples_written, unsigned frames_written, unsigned total_frames_estimate, void *client_data);
132 static FLAC__StreamDecoderReadStatus flac_decoder_read_callback(const FLAC__StreamDecoder *decoder, FLAC__byte buffer[], size_t *bytes, void *client_data);
133 static FLAC__StreamDecoderSeekStatus flac_decoder_seek_callback(const FLAC__StreamDecoder *decoder, FLAC__uint64 absolute_byte_offset, void *client_data);
134 static FLAC__StreamDecoderTellStatus flac_decoder_tell_callback(const FLAC__StreamDecoder *decoder, FLAC__uint64 *absolute_byte_offset, void *client_data);
135 static FLAC__StreamDecoderLengthStatus flac_decoder_length_callback(const FLAC__StreamDecoder *decoder, FLAC__uint64 *stream_length, void *client_data);
136 static FLAC__bool flac_decoder_eof_callback(const FLAC__StreamDecoder *decoder, void *client_data);
137 static FLAC__StreamDecoderWriteStatus flac_decoder_write_callback(const FLAC__StreamDecoder *decoder, const FLAC__Frame *frame, const FLAC__int32 * const buffer[], void *client_data);
138 static void flac_decoder_metadata_callback(const FLAC__StreamDecoder *decoder, const FLAC__StreamMetadata *metadata, void *client_data);
139 static void flac_decoder_error_callback(const FLAC__StreamDecoder *decoder, FLAC__StreamDecoderErrorStatus status, void *client_data);
140 static FLAC__bool parse_cuesheet(FLAC__StreamMetadata **cuesheet, const char *cuesheet_filename, const char *inbasefilename, FLAC__bool is_cdda, FLAC__uint64 lead_out_offset);
141 static void print_stats(const EncoderSession *encoder_session);
142 static void print_error_with_init_status(const EncoderSession *e, const char *message, FLAC__StreamEncoderInitStatus init_status);
143 static void print_error_with_state(const EncoderSession *e, const char *message);
144 static void print_verify_error(EncoderSession *e);
145 static FLAC__bool read_little_endian_uint16(FILE *f, FLAC__uint16 *val, FLAC__bool eof_ok, const char *fn);
146 static FLAC__bool read_little_endian_uint32(FILE *f, FLAC__uint32 *val, FLAC__bool eof_ok, const char *fn);
147 static FLAC__bool read_big_endian_uint16(FILE *f, FLAC__uint16 *val, FLAC__bool eof_ok, const char *fn);
148 static FLAC__bool read_big_endian_uint32(FILE *f, FLAC__uint32 *val, FLAC__bool eof_ok, const char *fn);
149 static FLAC__bool read_sane_extended(FILE *f, FLAC__uint32 *val, FLAC__bool eof_ok, const char *fn);
150 static FLAC__bool fskip_ahead(FILE *f, FLAC__uint64 offset);
151 static unsigned count_channel_mask_bits(FLAC__uint32 mask);
152 static FLAC__uint32 limit_channel_mask(FLAC__uint32 mask, unsigned channels);
153
154 /*
155  * public routines
156  */
157 int flac__encode_aif(FILE *infile, off_t infilesize, const char *infilename, const char *outfilename, const FLAC__byte *lookahead, unsigned lookahead_length, wav_encode_options_t options, FLAC__bool is_aifc)
158 {
159         EncoderSession encoder_session;
160         FLAC__uint16 x;
161         FLAC__uint32 xx;
162         unsigned int channels= 0U, bps= 0U, shift= 0U, sample_rate= 0U, sample_frames= 0U;
163         size_t channel_map[FLAC__MAX_CHANNELS];
164         FLAC__bool got_comm_chunk= false, got_ssnd_chunk= false;
165         int info_align_carry= -1, info_align_zero= -1;
166         FLAC__bool is_big_endian_pcm = true;
167
168         (void)infilesize; /* silence compiler warning about unused parameter */
169         (void)lookahead; /* silence compiler warning about unused parameter */
170         (void)lookahead_length; /* silence compiler warning about unused parameter */
171
172         if(!
173                 EncoderSession_construct(
174                         &encoder_session,
175 #ifdef FLAC__HAS_OGG
176                         options.common.use_ogg,
177 #else
178                         /*use_ogg=*/false,
179 #endif
180                         options.common.verify,
181                         infile,
182                         infilename,
183                         outfilename
184                 )
185         )
186                 return 1;
187
188         /* initialize default channel map that preserves channel order */
189         {
190                 size_t i;
191                 for(i = 0; i < sizeof(channel_map)/sizeof(channel_map[0]); i++)
192                         channel_map[i] = i;
193         }
194
195         /* lookahead[] already has "FORMxxxxAIFF", do sub-chunks */
196
197         while(1) {
198                 size_t c= 0U;
199                 char chunk_id[5] = { '\0', '\0', '\0', '\0', '\0' }; /* one extra byte for terminating NUL so we can also treat it like a C string */
200
201                 /* chunk identifier; really conservative about behavior of fread() and feof() */
202                 if(feof(infile) || ((c= fread(chunk_id, 1U, 4U, infile)), c==0U && feof(infile)))
203                         break;
204                 else if(c<4U || feof(infile)) {
205                         flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: incomplete chunk identifier\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename);
206                         return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
207                 }
208
209                 if(got_comm_chunk==false && !memcmp(chunk_id, "COMM", 4)) { /* common chunk */
210                         unsigned long skip;
211                         const FLAC__uint32 minimum_comm_size = (is_aifc? 22 : 18);
212
213                         /* COMM chunk size */
214                         if(!read_big_endian_uint32(infile, &xx, false, encoder_session.inbasefilename))
215                                 return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
216                         else if(xx<minimum_comm_size) {
217                                 flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: non-standard %s 'COMM' chunk has length = %u\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename, is_aifc? "AIFF-C" : "AIFF", (unsigned int)xx);
218                                 return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
219                         }
220                         else if(!is_aifc && xx!=minimum_comm_size) {
221                                 flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: WARNING: non-standard %s 'COMM' chunk has length = %u, expected %u\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename, is_aifc? "AIFF-C" : "AIFF", (unsigned int)xx, minimum_comm_size);
222                         }
223                         skip= (xx-minimum_comm_size)+(xx & 1U);
224
225                         /* number of channels */
226                         if(!read_big_endian_uint16(infile, &x, false, encoder_session.inbasefilename))
227                                 return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
228                         else if(x==0U || x>FLAC__MAX_CHANNELS) {
229                                 flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: unsupported number channels %u\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename, (unsigned int)x);
230                                 return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
231                         }
232                         else if(x>2U && !options.common.channel_map_none) {
233                                 flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: unsupported number channels %u for AIFF\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename, (unsigned int)x);
234                                 return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
235                         }
236                         else if(options.common.sector_align && x!=2U) {
237                                 flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: file has %u channels, must be 2 for --sector-align\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename, (unsigned int)x);
238                                 return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
239                         }
240                         channels= x;
241
242                         /* number of sample frames */
243                         if(!read_big_endian_uint32(infile, &xx, false, encoder_session.inbasefilename))
244                                 return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
245                         sample_frames= xx;
246
247                         /* bits per sample */
248                         if(!read_big_endian_uint16(infile, &x, false, encoder_session.inbasefilename))
249                                 return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
250                         else if(x<4U || x>24U) {
251                                 flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: unsupported bits-per-sample %u\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename, (unsigned int)x);
252                                 return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
253                         }
254                         else if(options.common.sector_align && x!=16U) {
255                                 flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: file has %u bits-per-sample, must be 16 for --sector-align\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename, (unsigned int)x);
256                                 return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
257                         }
258                         bps= x;
259                         shift= (bps%8)? 8-(bps%8) : 0; /* SSND data is always byte-aligned, left-justified but format_input() will double-check */
260                         bps+= shift;
261
262                         /* sample rate */
263                         if(!read_sane_extended(infile, &xx, false, encoder_session.inbasefilename))
264                                 return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
265                         else if(!FLAC__format_sample_rate_is_valid(xx)) {
266                                 flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: unsupported sample rate %u\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename, (unsigned int)xx);
267                                 return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
268                         }
269                         else if(options.common.sector_align && xx!=44100U) {
270                                 flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: file's sample rate is %u, must be 44100 for --sector-align\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename, (unsigned int)xx);
271                                 return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
272                         }
273                         sample_rate= xx;
274
275                         /* check compression type for AIFF-C */
276                         if(is_aifc) {
277                                 if(!read_big_endian_uint32(infile, &xx, false, encoder_session.inbasefilename))
278                                         return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
279                                 if(xx == 0x736F7774) /* "sowt" */
280                                         is_big_endian_pcm = false;
281                                 else if(xx == 0x4E4F4E45) /* "NONE" */
282                                         ; /* nothing to do, we already default to big-endian */
283                                 else {
284                                         flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: can't handle AIFF-C compression type \"%c%c%c%c\"\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename, (char)(xx>>24), (char)((xx>>16)&8), (char)((xx>>8)&8), (char)(xx&8));
285                                         return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
286                                 }
287                         }
288
289                         /* set channel mapping */
290                         /* FLAC order follows SMPTE and WAVEFORMATEXTENSIBLE but with fewer channels, which are: */
291                         /* front left, front right, center, LFE, back left, back right, surround left, surround right */
292                         /* specs say the channel ordering is:
293                          *                             1     2   3   4   5   6
294                          * ___________________________________________________
295                          * 2         stereo            l     r
296                          * 3                           l     r   c
297                          * 4                           l     c   r   S
298                          * quad (ambiguous with 4ch)  Fl    Fr   Bl  Br
299                          * 5                          Fl     Fr  Fc  Sl  Sr
300                          * 6                           l     lc  c   r   rc  S
301                          * l:left r:right c:center Fl:front-left Fr:front-right Bl:back-left Br:back-right Lc:left-center Rc:right-center S:surround
302                          * so we only have unambiguous mappings for 2, 3, and 5 channels
303                          */
304                         if(
305                                 options.common.channel_map_none ||
306                                 channels == 1 || /* 1 channel: (mono) */
307                                 channels == 2 || /* 2 channels: left, right */
308                                 channels == 3 || /* 3 channels: left, right, center */
309                                 channels == 5    /* 5 channels: front left, front right, center, surround left, surround right */
310                         ) {
311                                 /* keep default channel order */
312                         }
313                         else {
314                                 flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: unsupported number channels %u for AIFF\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename, channels);
315                                 return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
316                         }
317
318                         /* skip any extra data in the COMM chunk */
319                         if(!fskip_ahead(infile, skip)) {
320                                 flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR during read while skipping extra COMM data\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename);
321                                 return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
322                         }
323
324                         /*
325                          * now that we know the sample rate, canonicalize the
326                          * --skip string to a number of samples:
327                          */
328                         flac__utils_canonicalize_skip_until_specification(&options.common.skip_specification, sample_rate);
329                         FLAC__ASSERT(options.common.skip_specification.value.samples >= 0);
330                         encoder_session.skip = (FLAC__uint64)options.common.skip_specification.value.samples;
331                         FLAC__ASSERT(!options.common.sector_align || encoder_session.skip == 0);
332
333                         got_comm_chunk= true;
334                 }
335                 else if(got_ssnd_chunk==false && !memcmp(chunk_id, "SSND", 4)) { /* sound data chunk */
336                         unsigned int offset= 0U, block_size= 0U, align_remainder= 0U, data_bytes;
337                         size_t bytes_per_frame= channels*(bps>>3);
338                         FLAC__uint64 total_samples_in_input, trim = 0;
339                         FLAC__bool pad= false;
340
341                         if(got_comm_chunk==false) {
342                                 flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: got 'SSND' chunk before 'COMM' chunk\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename);
343                                 return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
344                         }
345
346                         /* SSND chunk size */
347                         if(!read_big_endian_uint32(infile, &xx, false, encoder_session.inbasefilename))
348                                 return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
349                         data_bytes= xx;
350                         pad= (data_bytes & 1U) ? true : false;
351                         data_bytes-= 8U; /* discount the offset and block size fields */
352
353                         /* offset */
354                         if(!read_big_endian_uint32(infile, &xx, false, encoder_session.inbasefilename))
355                                 return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
356                         offset= xx;
357                         data_bytes-= offset;
358
359                         /* block size */
360                         if(!read_big_endian_uint32(infile, &xx, false, encoder_session.inbasefilename))
361                                 return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
362                         else if(xx!=0U) {
363                                 flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: block size is %u; must be 0\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename, (unsigned int)xx);
364                                 return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
365                         }
366                         block_size= xx;
367
368                         /* skip any SSND offset bytes */
369                         FLAC__ASSERT(offset<=LONG_MAX);
370                         if(!fskip_ahead(infile, offset)) {
371                                 flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: skipping offset in SSND chunk\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename);
372                                 return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
373                         }
374                         if(data_bytes!=(sample_frames*bytes_per_frame)) {
375                                 flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: SSND chunk size inconsistent with sample frame count\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename);
376                                 return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
377                         }
378
379                         /* *options.common.align_reservoir_samples will be 0 unless --sector-align is used */
380                         FLAC__ASSERT(options.common.sector_align || *options.common.align_reservoir_samples == 0);
381                         total_samples_in_input = data_bytes / bytes_per_frame + *options.common.align_reservoir_samples;
382
383                         /*
384                          * now that we know the input size, canonicalize the
385                          * --until string to an absolute sample number:
386                          */
387                         if(!canonicalize_until_specification(&options.common.until_specification, encoder_session.inbasefilename, sample_rate, encoder_session.skip, total_samples_in_input))
388                                 return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
389                         encoder_session.until = (FLAC__uint64)options.common.until_specification.value.samples;
390                         FLAC__ASSERT(!options.common.sector_align || encoder_session.until == 0);
391
392                         if(encoder_session.skip>0U) {
393                                 if(!fskip_ahead(infile, encoder_session.skip*bytes_per_frame)) {
394                                         flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR during read while skipping samples\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename);
395                                         return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
396                                 }
397                         }
398
399                         data_bytes-= (unsigned int)encoder_session.skip*bytes_per_frame; /*@@@ WATCHOUT: 4GB limit */
400                         encoder_session.total_samples_to_encode= total_samples_in_input - encoder_session.skip;
401                         if(encoder_session.until > 0) {
402                                 trim = total_samples_in_input - encoder_session.until;
403                                 FLAC__ASSERT(total_samples_in_input > 0);
404                                 FLAC__ASSERT(!options.common.sector_align);
405                                 data_bytes-= (unsigned int)trim*bytes_per_frame;
406                                 encoder_session.total_samples_to_encode-= trim;
407                         }
408                         if(options.common.sector_align) {
409                                 align_remainder= (unsigned int)(encoder_session.total_samples_to_encode % 588U);
410                                 if(options.common.is_last_file)
411                                         encoder_session.total_samples_to_encode+= (588U-align_remainder); /* will pad with zeroes */
412                                 else
413                                         encoder_session.total_samples_to_encode-= align_remainder; /* will stop short and carry over to next file */
414                         }
415
416                         /* +54 for the size of the AIFF headers; this is just an estimate for the progress indicator and doesn't need to be exact */
417                         encoder_session.unencoded_size= encoder_session.total_samples_to_encode*bytes_per_frame+54;
418
419                         if(!EncoderSession_init_encoder(&encoder_session, options.common, /*channel_mask=*/0, channels, bps-shift, sample_rate, /*flac_decoder_data=*/0))
420                                 return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
421
422                         /* first do any samples in the reservoir */
423                         if(options.common.sector_align && *options.common.align_reservoir_samples>0U) {
424
425                                 if(!EncoderSession_process(&encoder_session, (const FLAC__int32 *const *)options.common.align_reservoir, *options.common.align_reservoir_samples)) {
426                                         print_error_with_state(&encoder_session, "ERROR during encoding");
427                                         return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
428                                 }
429                         }
430
431                         /* decrement the data_bytes counter if we need to align the file */
432                         if(options.common.sector_align) {
433                                 if(options.common.is_last_file)
434                                         *options.common.align_reservoir_samples= 0U;
435                                 else {
436                                         *options.common.align_reservoir_samples= align_remainder;
437                                         data_bytes-= (*options.common.align_reservoir_samples)*bytes_per_frame;
438                                 }
439                         }
440
441                         /* now do from the file */
442                         while(data_bytes>0) {
443                                 size_t bytes_read= fread(ucbuffer_, 1U, min(data_bytes, CHUNK_OF_SAMPLES*bytes_per_frame), infile);
444
445                                 if(bytes_read==0U) {
446                                         if(ferror(infile)) {
447                                                 flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR during read\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename);
448                                                 return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
449                                         }
450                                         else if(feof(infile)) {
451                                                 flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: WARNING: unexpected EOF; expected %u samples, got %u samples\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename, (unsigned int)encoder_session.total_samples_to_encode, (unsigned int)encoder_session.samples_written);
452                                                 data_bytes= 0;
453                                         }
454                                 }
455                                 else {
456                                         if(bytes_read % bytes_per_frame != 0U) {
457                                                 flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: got partial sample\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename);
458                                                 return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
459                                         }
460                                         else {
461                                                 unsigned int frames= bytes_read/bytes_per_frame;
462                                                 if(!format_input(input_, frames, is_big_endian_pcm, /*is_unsigned_samples=*/false, channels, bps, shift, channel_map))
463                                                         return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
464
465                                                 if(!EncoderSession_process(&encoder_session, (const FLAC__int32 *const *)input_, frames)) {
466                                                         print_error_with_state(&encoder_session, "ERROR during encoding");
467                                                         return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
468                                                 }
469                                                 else
470                                                         data_bytes-= bytes_read;
471                                         }
472                                 }
473                         }
474
475                         if(trim>0) {
476                                 FLAC__ASSERT(!options.common.sector_align);
477                                 if(!fskip_ahead(infile, trim*bytes_per_frame)) {
478                                         flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR during read while skipping samples\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename);
479                                         return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
480                                 }
481                         }
482
483                         /* now read unaligned samples into reservoir or pad with zeroes if necessary */
484                         if(options.common.sector_align) {
485                                 if(options.common.is_last_file) {
486                                         unsigned int pad_frames= 588U-align_remainder;
487
488                                         if(pad_frames<588U) {
489                                                 unsigned int i;
490
491                                                 info_align_zero= pad_frames;
492                                                 for(i= 0U; i<channels; ++i)
493                                                         memset(input_[i], 0, sizeof(input_[0][0])*pad_frames);
494
495                                                 if(!EncoderSession_process(&encoder_session, (const FLAC__int32 *const *)input_, pad_frames)) {
496                                                         print_error_with_state(&encoder_session, "ERROR during encoding");
497                                                         return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
498                                                 }
499                                         }
500                                 }
501                                 else {
502                                         if(*options.common.align_reservoir_samples > 0) {
503                                                 size_t bytes_read= fread(ucbuffer_, 1U, (*options.common.align_reservoir_samples)*bytes_per_frame, infile);
504
505                                                 FLAC__ASSERT(CHUNK_OF_SAMPLES>=588U);
506                                                 if(bytes_read==0U && ferror(infile)) {
507                                                         flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR during read\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename);
508                                                         return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
509                                                 }
510                                                 else if(bytes_read != (*options.common.align_reservoir_samples) * bytes_per_frame) {
511                                                         flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: WARNING: unexpected EOF; read %u bytes; expected %u samples, got %u samples\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename, (unsigned int)bytes_read, (unsigned int)encoder_session.total_samples_to_encode, (unsigned int)encoder_session.samples_written);
512                                                 }
513                                                 else {
514                                                         info_align_carry= *options.common.align_reservoir_samples;
515                                                         if(!format_input(options.common.align_reservoir, *options.common.align_reservoir_samples, is_big_endian_pcm, /*is_unsigned_samples=*/false, channels, bps, shift, channel_map))
516                                                                 return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
517                                                 }
518                                         }
519                                 }
520                         }
521
522                         if(pad==true) {
523                                 unsigned char tmp;
524
525                                 if(fread(&tmp, 1U, 1U, infile)<1U) {
526                                         flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR during read of SSND pad byte\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename);
527                                         return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
528                                 }
529                         }
530
531                         got_ssnd_chunk= true;
532                 }
533                 else { /* other chunk */
534                         if(!memcmp(chunk_id, "COMM", 4)) {
535                                 flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: WARNING: skipping extra 'COMM' chunk\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename);
536                         }
537                         else if(!memcmp(chunk_id, "SSND", 4)) {
538                                 flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: WARNING: skipping extra 'SSND' chunk\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename);
539                         }
540                         else {
541                                 flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: WARNING: skipping unknown chunk '%s'\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename, chunk_id);
542                         }
543
544                         /* chunk size */
545                         if(!read_big_endian_uint32(infile, &xx, false, encoder_session.inbasefilename))
546                                 return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
547                         else {
548                                 unsigned long skip= xx+(xx & 1U);
549
550                                 FLAC__ASSERT(skip<=LONG_MAX);
551                                 if(!fskip_ahead(infile, skip)) {
552                                         fprintf(stderr, "%s: ERROR during read while skipping unknown chunk\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename);
553                                         return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
554                                 }
555                         }
556                 }
557         }
558
559         if(got_ssnd_chunk==false && sample_frames!=0U) {
560                 flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: missing SSND chunk\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename);
561                 return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
562         }
563
564         return EncoderSession_finish_ok(&encoder_session, info_align_carry, info_align_zero);
565 }
566
567 int flac__encode_wav(FILE *infile, off_t infilesize, const char *infilename, const char *outfilename, const FLAC__byte *lookahead, unsigned lookahead_length, wav_encode_options_t options)
568 {
569         EncoderSession encoder_session;
570         FLAC__bool is_unsigned_samples = false;
571         unsigned channels = 0, bps = 0, sample_rate = 0, shift = 0;
572         size_t bytes_per_wide_sample, bytes_read;
573         size_t channel_map[FLAC__MAX_CHANNELS];
574         FLAC__uint16 x, format; /* format is the wFormatTag word from the 'fmt ' chunk */
575         FLAC__uint32 xx, channel_mask = 0;
576         FLAC__bool got_fmt_chunk = false, got_data_chunk = false;
577         unsigned align_remainder = 0;
578         int info_align_carry = -1, info_align_zero = -1;
579
580         (void)infilesize;
581         (void)lookahead;
582         (void)lookahead_length;
583
584         if(!
585                 EncoderSession_construct(
586                         &encoder_session,
587 #ifdef FLAC__HAS_OGG
588                         options.common.use_ogg,
589 #else
590                         /*use_ogg=*/false,
591 #endif
592                         options.common.verify,
593                         infile,
594                         infilename,
595                         outfilename
596                 )
597         )
598                 return 1;
599
600         /* initialize default channel map that preserves channel order */
601         {
602                 size_t i;
603                 for(i = 0; i < sizeof(channel_map)/sizeof(channel_map[0]); i++)
604                         channel_map[i] = i;
605         }
606
607         /*
608          * lookahead[] already has "RIFFxxxxWAVE", do sub-chunks
609          */
610         while(!feof(infile)) {
611                 if(!read_little_endian_uint32(infile, &xx, true, encoder_session.inbasefilename))
612                         return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
613                 if(feof(infile))
614                         break;
615                 if(xx == 0x20746d66 && !got_fmt_chunk) { /* "fmt " */
616                         unsigned block_align, data_bytes;
617
618                         /* see
619                          *   http://www-mmsp.ece.mcgill.ca/Documents/AudioFormats/WAVE/WAVE.html
620                          *   http://windowssdk.msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ms713497.aspx
621                          *   http://msdn.microsoft.com/library/default.asp?url=/library/en-us/audio_r/hh/Audio_r/aud-prop_d40f094e-44f9-4baa-8a15-03e4fb369501.xml.asp
622                          *
623                          * WAVEFORMAT is
624                          * 4 byte: subchunk size
625                          * 2 byte: format type: 1 for WAVE_FORMAT_PCM, 65534 for WAVE_FORMAT_EXTENSIBLE
626                          * 2 byte: # channels
627                          * 4 byte: sample rate (Hz)
628                          * 4 byte: avg bytes per sec
629                          * 2 byte: block align
630                          * 2 byte: bits per sample (not necessarily all significant)
631                          * WAVEFORMAT adds
632                          * 2 byte: extension size in bytes (usually 0 for WAVEFORMATEX and 22 for WAVEFORMATEXTENSIBLE with PCM)
633                          * WAVEFORMATEXTENSIBLE adds
634                          * 2 byte: valid bits per sample
635                          * 4 byte: channel mask
636                          * 16 byte: subformat GUID, first 2 bytes have format type, 1 being PCM
637                          *
638                          * Current spec says WAVEFORMATEX with PCM must have bps == 8 or 16, or any multiple of 8 for WAVEFORMATEXTENSIBLE.
639                          * Lots of old broken WAVEs/apps have don't follow it, e.g. 20 bps but a block align of 3/6 for mono/stereo.
640                          *
641                          * Block align for WAVE_FORMAT_PCM or WAVE_FORMAT_EXTENSIBLE is also supposed to be channels*bps/8
642                          *
643                          * If the channel mask has more set bits than # of channels, the extra MSBs are ignored.
644                          * If the channel mask has less set bits than # of channels, the extra channels are unassigned to any speaker.
645                          *
646                          * Data is supposed to be unsigned for bps <= 8 else signed.
647                          */
648
649                         /* fmt sub-chunk size */
650                         if(!read_little_endian_uint32(infile, &xx, false, encoder_session.inbasefilename))
651                                 return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
652                         data_bytes = xx;
653                         if(data_bytes < 16) {
654                                 flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: found non-standard 'fmt ' sub-chunk which has length = %u\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename, data_bytes);
655                                 return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
656                         }
657                         /* format code */
658                         if(!read_little_endian_uint16(infile, &format, false, encoder_session.inbasefilename))
659                                 return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
660                         if(format != 1 /*WAVE_FORMAT_PCM*/ && format != 65534 /*WAVE_FORMAT_EXTENSIBLE*/) {
661                                 flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: unsupported format type %u\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename, (unsigned)format);
662                                 return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
663                         }
664                         /* number of channels */
665                         if(!read_little_endian_uint16(infile, &x, false, encoder_session.inbasefilename))
666                                 return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
667                         channels = (unsigned)x;
668                         if(channels == 0 || channels > FLAC__MAX_CHANNELS) {
669                                 flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: unsupported number of channels %u\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename, channels);
670                                 return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
671                         }
672                         else if(options.common.sector_align && channels != 2) {
673                                 flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: file has %u channels, must be 2 for --sector-align\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename, channels);
674                                 return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
675                         }
676                         /* sample rate */
677                         if(!read_little_endian_uint32(infile, &xx, false, encoder_session.inbasefilename))
678                                 return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
679                         sample_rate = xx;
680                         if(!FLAC__format_sample_rate_is_valid(sample_rate)) {
681                                 flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: unsupported sample rate %u\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename, sample_rate);
682                                 return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
683                         }
684                         else if(options.common.sector_align && sample_rate != 44100) {
685                                 flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: file's sample rate is %u, must be 44100 for --sector-align\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename, sample_rate);
686                                 return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
687                         }
688                         /* avg bytes per second (ignored) */
689                         if(!read_little_endian_uint32(infile, &xx, false, encoder_session.inbasefilename))
690                                 return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
691                         /* block align */
692                         if(!read_little_endian_uint16(infile, &x, false, encoder_session.inbasefilename))
693                                 return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
694                         block_align = (unsigned)x;
695                         /* bits per sample */
696                         if(!read_little_endian_uint16(infile, &x, false, encoder_session.inbasefilename))
697                                 return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
698                         bps = (unsigned)x;
699                         is_unsigned_samples = (bps <= 8);
700                         if(format == 1) {
701                                 if(bps != 8 && bps != 16) {
702                                         if(bps == 24 || bps == 32) {
703                                                 /* let these slide with a warning since they're unambiguous */
704                                                 flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: WARNING: legacy WAVE file has format type %u but bits-per-sample=%u\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename, (unsigned)format, bps);
705                                         }
706                                         else {
707                                                 /* @@@ we could add an option to specify left- or right-justified blocks so we knew how to set 'shift' */
708                                                 flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: legacy WAVE file has format type %u but bits-per-sample=%u\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename, (unsigned)format, bps);
709                                                 return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
710                                         }
711                                 }
712 #if 0 /* @@@ reinstate once we can get an answer about whether the samples are left- or right-justified */
713                                 if((bps+7)/8 * channels == block_align) {
714                                         if(bps % 8) {
715                                                 /* assume legacy file is byte aligned with some LSBs zero; this is double-checked in format_input() */
716                                                 flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: WARNING: legacy WAVE file (format type %d) has block alignment=%u, bits-per-sample=%u, channels=%u\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename, (unsigned)format, block_align, bps, channels);
717                                                 shift = 8 - (bps % 8);
718                                                 bps += shift;
719                                         }
720                                         else
721                                                 shift = 0;
722                                 }
723                                 else {
724                                         flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: illegal WAVE file (format type %d) has block alignment=%u, bits-per-sample=%u, channels=%u\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename, (unsigned)format, block_align, bps, channels);
725                                         return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
726                                 }
727 #else
728                                 shift = 0;
729 #endif
730                                 if(channels > 2 && !options.common.channel_map_none) {
731                                         flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: WAVE has >2 channels but is not WAVE_FORMAT_EXTENSIBLE; cannot assign channels\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename);
732                                         return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
733                                 }
734                                 FLAC__ASSERT(data_bytes >= 16);
735                                 data_bytes -= 16;
736                         }
737                         else {
738                                 if(data_bytes < 40) {
739                                         flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: invalid WAVEFORMATEXTENSIBLE chunk with size %u\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename, data_bytes);
740                                         return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
741                                 }
742                                 /* cbSize */
743                                 if(!read_little_endian_uint16(infile, &x, false, encoder_session.inbasefilename))
744                                         return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
745                                 if(x < 22) {
746                                         flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: invalid WAVEFORMATEXTENSIBLE chunk with cbSize %u\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename, (unsigned)x);
747                                         return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
748                                 }
749                                 /* valid bps */
750                                 if(!read_little_endian_uint16(infile, &x, false, encoder_session.inbasefilename))
751                                         return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
752                                 if((unsigned)x > bps) {
753                                         flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: invalid WAVEFORMATEXTENSIBLE chunk with wValidBitsPerSample (%u) > wBitsPerSample (%u)\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename, (unsigned)x, bps);
754                                         return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
755                                 }
756                                 shift = bps - (unsigned)x;
757                                 /* channel mask */
758                                 if(!read_little_endian_uint32(infile, &channel_mask, false, encoder_session.inbasefilename))
759                                         return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
760                                 /* for mono/stereo and unassigned channels, we fake the mask */
761                                 if(channel_mask == 0) {
762                                         if(channels == 1)
763                                                 channel_mask = 0x0001;
764                                         else if(channels == 2)
765                                                 channel_mask = 0x0003;
766                                 }
767                                 /* set channel mapping */
768                                 /* FLAC order follows SMPTE and WAVEFORMATEXTENSIBLE but with fewer channels, which are: */
769                                 /* front left, front right, center, LFE, back left, back right, surround left, surround right */
770                                 /* the default mapping is sufficient for 1-6 channels and 7-8 are currently unspecified anyway */
771 #if 0
772                                 /* @@@ example for dolby/vorbis order, for reference later in case it becomes important */
773                                 if(
774                                         options.common.channel_map_none ||
775                                         channel_mask == 0x0001 || /* 1 channel: (mono) */
776                                         channel_mask == 0x0003 || /* 2 channels: front left, front right */
777                                         channel_mask == 0x0033 || /* 4 channels: front left, front right, back left, back right */
778                                         channel_mask == 0x0603    /* 4 channels: front left, front right, side left, side right */
779                                 ) {
780                                         /* keep default channel order */
781                                 }
782                                 else if(
783                                         channel_mask == 0x0007 || /* 3 channels: front left, front right, front center */
784                                         channel_mask == 0x0037 || /* 5 channels: front left, front right, front center, back left, back right */
785                                         channel_mask == 0x0607    /* 5 channels: front left, front right, front center, side left, side right */
786                                 ) {
787                                         /* to dolby order: front left, center, front right [, surround left, surround right ] */
788                                         channel_map[1] = 2;
789                                         channel_map[2] = 1;
790                                 }
791                                 else if(
792                                         channel_mask == 0x003f || /* 6 channels: front left, front right, front center, LFE, back left, back right */
793                                         channel_mask == 0x060f    /* 6 channels: front left, front right, front center, LFE, side left, side right */
794                                 ) {
795                                         /* to dolby order: front left, center, front right, surround left, surround right, LFE */
796                                         channel_map[1] = 2;
797                                         channel_map[2] = 1;
798                                         channel_map[3] = 5;
799                                         channel_map[4] = 3;
800                                         channel_map[5] = 4;
801                                 }
802 #else
803                                 if(
804                                         options.common.channel_map_none ||
805                                         channel_mask == 0x0001 || /* 1 channel: (mono) */
806                                         channel_mask == 0x0003 || /* 2 channels: front left, front right */
807                                         channel_mask == 0x0007 || /* 3 channels: front left, front right, front center */
808                                         channel_mask == 0x0033 || /* 4 channels: front left, front right, back left, back right */
809                                         channel_mask == 0x0603 || /* 4 channels: front left, front right, side left, side right */
810                                         channel_mask == 0x0037 || /* 5 channels: front left, front right, front center, back left, back right */
811                                         channel_mask == 0x0607 || /* 5 channels: front left, front right, front center, side left, side right */
812                                         channel_mask == 0x003f || /* 6 channels: front left, front right, front center, LFE, back left, back right */
813                                         channel_mask == 0x060f    /* 6 channels: front left, front right, front center, LFE, side left, side right */
814                                 ) {
815                                         /* keep default channel order */
816                                 }
817 #endif
818                                 else {
819                                         flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: WAVEFORMATEXTENSIBLE chunk with unsupported channel mask=0x%04X\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename, (unsigned)channel_mask);
820                                         return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
821                                 }
822                                 if(!options.common.channel_map_none) {
823                                         if(count_channel_mask_bits(channel_mask) < channels) {
824                                                 flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: WAVEFORMATEXTENSIBLE chunk: channel mask 0x%04X has unassigned channels (#channels=%u)\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename, (unsigned)channel_mask, channels);
825                                                 return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
826                                         }
827 #if 0
828                                         /* supporting this is too difficult with channel mapping; e.g. what if mask is 0x003f but #channels=4?
829                                          * there would be holes in the order that would have to be filled in, or the mask would have to be
830                                          * limited and the logic above rerun to see if it still fits into the FLAC mapping.
831                                          */
832                                         else if(count_channel_mask_bits(channel_mask) > channels)
833                                                 channel_mask = limit_channel_mask(channel_mask, channels);
834 #else
835                                         else if(count_channel_mask_bits(channel_mask) > channels) {
836                                                 flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: WAVEFORMATEXTENSIBLE chunk: channel mask 0x%04X has extra bits for non-existant channels (#channels=%u)\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename, (unsigned)channel_mask, channels);
837                                                 return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
838                                         }
839 #endif
840                                 }
841                                 /* first part of GUID */
842                                 if(!read_little_endian_uint16(infile, &x, false, encoder_session.inbasefilename))
843                                         return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
844                                 if(x != 1) {
845                                         flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: unsupported WAVEFORMATEXTENSIBLE chunk with non-PCM format %u\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename, (unsigned)x);
846                                         return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
847                                 }
848                                 data_bytes -= 26;
849                         }
850
851                         if(bps-shift < 4 || bps-shift > 24) {
852                                 flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: unsupported bits-per-sample %u\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename, bps-shift);
853                                 return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
854                         }
855                         else if(options.common.sector_align && bps-shift != 16) {
856                                 flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: file has %u bits-per-sample, must be 16 for --sector-align\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename, bps-shift);
857                                 return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
858                         }
859
860                         /* skip any extra data in the fmt sub-chunk */
861                         if(!fskip_ahead(infile, data_bytes)) {
862                                 flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR during read while skipping extra 'fmt' data\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename);
863                                 return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
864                         }
865
866                         /*
867                          * now that we know the sample rate, canonicalize the
868                          * --skip string to a number of samples:
869                          */
870                         flac__utils_canonicalize_skip_until_specification(&options.common.skip_specification, sample_rate);
871                         FLAC__ASSERT(options.common.skip_specification.value.samples >= 0);
872                         encoder_session.skip = (FLAC__uint64)options.common.skip_specification.value.samples;
873                         FLAC__ASSERT(!options.common.sector_align || encoder_session.skip == 0);
874
875                         got_fmt_chunk = true;
876                 }
877                 else if(xx == 0x61746164 && !got_data_chunk && got_fmt_chunk) { /* "data" */
878                         FLAC__uint64 total_samples_in_input, trim = 0;
879                         FLAC__bool pad = false;
880                         unsigned data_bytes;
881
882                         /* data size */
883                         if(!read_little_endian_uint32(infile, &xx, false, encoder_session.inbasefilename))
884                                 return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
885                         data_bytes = xx;
886                         if(0 == data_bytes) {
887                                 flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: 'data' subchunk has size of 0\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename);
888                                 return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
889                         }
890                         pad = (data_bytes & 1U) ? true : false;
891
892                         bytes_per_wide_sample = channels * (bps >> 3);
893
894                         /* *options.common.align_reservoir_samples will be 0 unless --sector-align is used */
895                         FLAC__ASSERT(options.common.sector_align || *options.common.align_reservoir_samples == 0);
896                         total_samples_in_input = data_bytes / bytes_per_wide_sample + *options.common.align_reservoir_samples;
897
898                         /*
899                          * now that we know the input size, canonicalize the
900                          * --until string to an absolute sample number:
901                          */
902                         if(!canonicalize_until_specification(&options.common.until_specification, encoder_session.inbasefilename, sample_rate, encoder_session.skip, total_samples_in_input))
903                                 return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
904                         encoder_session.until = (FLAC__uint64)options.common.until_specification.value.samples;
905                         FLAC__ASSERT(!options.common.sector_align || encoder_session.until == 0);
906
907                         if(encoder_session.skip > 0) {
908                                 if(!fskip_ahead(infile, encoder_session.skip * bytes_per_wide_sample)) {
909                                         flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR during read while skipping samples\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename);
910                                         return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
911                                 }
912                         }
913
914                         data_bytes -= (unsigned)encoder_session.skip * bytes_per_wide_sample; /*@@@ WATCHOUT: 4GB limit */
915                         encoder_session.total_samples_to_encode = total_samples_in_input - encoder_session.skip;
916                         if(encoder_session.until > 0) {
917                                 trim = total_samples_in_input - encoder_session.until;
918                                 FLAC__ASSERT(total_samples_in_input > 0);
919                                 FLAC__ASSERT(!options.common.sector_align);
920                                 data_bytes -= (unsigned int)trim * bytes_per_wide_sample;
921                                 encoder_session.total_samples_to_encode -= trim;
922                         }
923                         if(options.common.sector_align) {
924                                 align_remainder = (unsigned)(encoder_session.total_samples_to_encode % 588);
925                                 if(options.common.is_last_file)
926                                         encoder_session.total_samples_to_encode += (588-align_remainder); /* will pad with zeroes */
927                                 else
928                                         encoder_session.total_samples_to_encode -= align_remainder; /* will stop short and carry over to next file */
929                         }
930
931                         /* +44 for the size of the WAV headers; this is just an estimate for the progress indicator and doesn't need to be exact */
932                         encoder_session.unencoded_size = encoder_session.total_samples_to_encode * bytes_per_wide_sample + 44;
933
934                         if(!EncoderSession_init_encoder(&encoder_session, options.common, channel_mask, channels, bps-shift, sample_rate, /*flac_decoder_data=*/0))
935                                 return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
936
937                         /*
938                          * first do any samples in the reservoir
939                          */
940                         if(options.common.sector_align && *options.common.align_reservoir_samples > 0) {
941                                 if(!EncoderSession_process(&encoder_session, (const FLAC__int32 * const *)options.common.align_reservoir, *options.common.align_reservoir_samples)) {
942                                         print_error_with_state(&encoder_session, "ERROR during encoding");
943                                         return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
944                                 }
945                         }
946
947                         /*
948                          * decrement the data_bytes counter if we need to align the file
949                          */
950                         if(options.common.sector_align) {
951                                 if(options.common.is_last_file) {
952                                         *options.common.align_reservoir_samples = 0;
953                                 }
954                                 else {
955                                         *options.common.align_reservoir_samples = align_remainder;
956                                         data_bytes -= (*options.common.align_reservoir_samples) * bytes_per_wide_sample;
957                                 }
958                         }
959
960                         /*
961                          * now do from the file
962                          */
963                         while(data_bytes > 0) {
964                                 bytes_read = fread(ucbuffer_, sizeof(unsigned char), min(data_bytes, CHUNK_OF_SAMPLES * bytes_per_wide_sample), infile);
965                                 if(bytes_read == 0) {
966                                         if(ferror(infile)) {
967                                                 flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR during read\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename);
968                                                 return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
969                                         }
970                                         else if(feof(infile)) {
971                                                 flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: WARNING: unexpected EOF; expected %u samples, got %u samples\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename, (unsigned)encoder_session.total_samples_to_encode, (unsigned)encoder_session.samples_written);
972                                                 data_bytes = 0;
973                                         }
974                                 }
975                                 else {
976                                         if(bytes_read % bytes_per_wide_sample != 0) {
977                                                 flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: got partial sample\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename);
978                                                 return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
979                                         }
980                                         else {
981                                                 unsigned wide_samples = bytes_read / bytes_per_wide_sample;
982                                                 if(!format_input(input_, wide_samples, /*is_big_endian=*/false, is_unsigned_samples, channels, bps, shift, channel_map))
983                                                         return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
984
985                                                 if(!EncoderSession_process(&encoder_session, (const FLAC__int32 * const *)input_, wide_samples)) {
986                                                         print_error_with_state(&encoder_session, "ERROR during encoding");
987                                                         return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
988                                                 }
989                                                 data_bytes -= bytes_read;
990                                         }
991                                 }
992                         }
993
994                         if(trim > 0) {
995                                 FLAC__ASSERT(!options.common.sector_align);
996                                 if(!fskip_ahead(infile, trim * bytes_per_wide_sample)) {
997                                         flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR during read while skipping samples\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename);
998                                         return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
999                                 }
1000                         }
1001
1002                         /*
1003                          * now read unaligned samples into reservoir or pad with zeroes if necessary
1004                          */
1005                         if(options.common.sector_align) {
1006                                 if(options.common.is_last_file) {
1007                                         unsigned wide_samples = 588 - align_remainder;
1008                                         if(wide_samples < 588) {
1009                                                 unsigned channel;
1010
1011                                                 info_align_zero = wide_samples;
1012                                                 for(channel = 0; channel < channels; channel++)
1013                                                         memset(input_[channel], 0, sizeof(input_[0][0]) * wide_samples);
1014
1015                                                 if(!EncoderSession_process(&encoder_session, (const FLAC__int32 * const *)input_, wide_samples)) {
1016                                                         print_error_with_state(&encoder_session, "ERROR during encoding");
1017                                                         return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
1018                                                 }
1019                                         }
1020                                 }
1021                                 else {
1022                                         if(*options.common.align_reservoir_samples > 0) {
1023                                                 FLAC__ASSERT(CHUNK_OF_SAMPLES >= 588);
1024                                                 bytes_read = fread(ucbuffer_, sizeof(unsigned char), (*options.common.align_reservoir_samples) * bytes_per_wide_sample, infile);
1025                                                 if(bytes_read == 0 && ferror(infile)) {
1026                                                         flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR during read\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename);
1027                                                         return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
1028                                                 }
1029                                                 else if(bytes_read != (*options.common.align_reservoir_samples) * bytes_per_wide_sample) {
1030                                                         flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: WARNING: unexpected EOF; read %u bytes; expected %u samples, got %u samples\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename, (unsigned)bytes_read, (unsigned)encoder_session.total_samples_to_encode, (unsigned)encoder_session.samples_written);
1031                                                 }
1032                                                 else {
1033                                                         info_align_carry = *options.common.align_reservoir_samples;
1034                                                         if(!format_input(options.common.align_reservoir, *options.common.align_reservoir_samples, /*is_big_endian=*/false, is_unsigned_samples, channels, bps, shift, channel_map))
1035                                                                 return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
1036                                                 }
1037                                         }
1038                                 }
1039                         }
1040
1041                         if(pad == true) {
1042                                 unsigned char tmp;
1043
1044                                 if(fread(&tmp, 1U, 1U, infile) < 1U) {
1045                                         flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR during read of data pad byte\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename);
1046                                         return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
1047                                 }
1048                         }
1049
1050                         got_data_chunk = true;
1051                 }
1052                 else {
1053                         if(xx == 0x20746d66 && got_fmt_chunk) { /* "fmt " */
1054                                 flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: WARNING: skipping extra 'fmt ' sub-chunk\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename);
1055                         }
1056                         else if(xx == 0x61746164) { /* "data" */
1057                                 if(got_data_chunk) {
1058                                         flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: WARNING: skipping extra 'data' sub-chunk\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename);
1059                                 }
1060                                 else if(!got_fmt_chunk) {
1061                                         flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: got 'data' sub-chunk before 'fmt' sub-chunk\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename);
1062                                         return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
1063                                 }
1064                                 else {
1065                                         FLAC__ASSERT(0);
1066                                 }
1067                         }
1068                         else {
1069                                 flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: WARNING: skipping unknown sub-chunk '%c%c%c%c'\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename, (char)(xx&255), (char)((xx>>8)&255), (char)((xx>>16)&255), (char)(xx>>24));
1070                         }
1071                         /* sub-chunk size */
1072                         if(!read_little_endian_uint32(infile, &xx, false, encoder_session.inbasefilename))
1073                                 return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
1074                         else {
1075                                 unsigned long skip = xx+(xx & 1U);
1076
1077                                 FLAC__ASSERT(skip<=LONG_MAX);
1078                                 if(!fskip_ahead(infile, skip)) {
1079                                         flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR during read while skipping unsupported sub-chunk\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename);
1080                                         return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
1081                                 }
1082                         }
1083                 }
1084         }
1085
1086         return EncoderSession_finish_ok(&encoder_session, info_align_carry, info_align_zero);
1087 }
1088
1089 int flac__encode_raw(FILE *infile, off_t infilesize, const char *infilename, const char *outfilename, const FLAC__byte *lookahead, unsigned lookahead_length, raw_encode_options_t options)
1090 {
1091         EncoderSession encoder_session;
1092         size_t bytes_read;
1093         const size_t bytes_per_wide_sample = options.channels * (options.bps >> 3);
1094         unsigned align_remainder = 0;
1095         int info_align_carry = -1, info_align_zero = -1;
1096         FLAC__uint64 total_samples_in_input = 0;
1097
1098         FLAC__ASSERT(!options.common.sector_align || options.channels == 2);
1099         FLAC__ASSERT(!options.common.sector_align || options.bps == 16);
1100         FLAC__ASSERT(!options.common.sector_align || options.sample_rate == 44100);
1101         FLAC__ASSERT(!options.common.sector_align || infilesize >= 0);
1102         FLAC__ASSERT(!options.common.replay_gain || options.channels <= 2);
1103         FLAC__ASSERT(!options.common.replay_gain || grabbag__replaygain_is_valid_sample_frequency(options.sample_rate));
1104
1105         if(!
1106                 EncoderSession_construct(
1107                         &encoder_session,
1108 #ifdef FLAC__HAS_OGG
1109                         options.common.use_ogg,
1110 #else
1111                         /*use_ogg=*/false,
1112 #endif
1113                         options.common.verify,
1114                         infile,
1115                         infilename,
1116                         outfilename
1117                 )
1118         )
1119                 return 1;
1120
1121         /*
1122          * now that we know the sample rate, canonicalize the
1123          * --skip string to a number of samples:
1124          */
1125         flac__utils_canonicalize_skip_until_specification(&options.common.skip_specification, options.sample_rate);
1126         FLAC__ASSERT(options.common.skip_specification.value.samples >= 0);
1127         encoder_session.skip = (FLAC__uint64)options.common.skip_specification.value.samples;
1128         FLAC__ASSERT(!options.common.sector_align || encoder_session.skip == 0);
1129
1130         if(infilesize < 0)
1131                 total_samples_in_input = 0;
1132         else {
1133                 /* *options.common.align_reservoir_samples will be 0 unless --sector-align is used */
1134                 FLAC__ASSERT(options.common.sector_align || *options.common.align_reservoir_samples == 0);
1135                 total_samples_in_input = (FLAC__uint64)infilesize / bytes_per_wide_sample + *options.common.align_reservoir_samples;
1136         }
1137
1138         /*
1139          * now that we know the input size, canonicalize the
1140          * --until strings to a number of samples:
1141          */
1142         if(!canonicalize_until_specification(&options.common.until_specification, encoder_session.inbasefilename, options.sample_rate, encoder_session.skip, total_samples_in_input))
1143                 return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
1144         encoder_session.until = (FLAC__uint64)options.common.until_specification.value.samples;
1145         FLAC__ASSERT(!options.common.sector_align || encoder_session.until == 0);
1146
1147         infilesize -= (off_t)encoder_session.skip * bytes_per_wide_sample;
1148         encoder_session.total_samples_to_encode = total_samples_in_input - encoder_session.skip;
1149         if(encoder_session.until > 0) {
1150                 const FLAC__uint64 trim = total_samples_in_input - encoder_session.until;
1151                 FLAC__ASSERT(total_samples_in_input > 0);
1152                 FLAC__ASSERT(!options.common.sector_align);
1153                 infilesize -= (off_t)trim * bytes_per_wide_sample;
1154                 encoder_session.total_samples_to_encode -= trim;
1155         }
1156         if(infilesize >= 0 && options.common.sector_align) {
1157                 FLAC__ASSERT(encoder_session.skip == 0);
1158                 align_remainder = (unsigned)(encoder_session.total_samples_to_encode % 588);
1159                 if(options.common.is_last_file)
1160                         encoder_session.total_samples_to_encode += (588-align_remainder); /* will pad with zeroes */
1161                 else
1162                         encoder_session.total_samples_to_encode -= align_remainder; /* will stop short and carry over to next file */
1163         }
1164         encoder_session.unencoded_size = encoder_session.total_samples_to_encode * bytes_per_wide_sample;
1165
1166         if(encoder_session.total_samples_to_encode <= 0)
1167                 flac__utils_printf(stderr, 2, "(No runtime statistics possible; please wait for encoding to finish...)\n");
1168
1169         if(encoder_session.skip > 0) {
1170                 unsigned skip_bytes = bytes_per_wide_sample * (unsigned)encoder_session.skip;
1171                 if(skip_bytes > lookahead_length) {
1172                         skip_bytes -= lookahead_length;
1173                         lookahead_length = 0;
1174                         if(!fskip_ahead(infile, skip_bytes)) {
1175                                 flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR during read while skipping samples\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename);
1176                                 return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
1177                         }
1178                 }
1179                 else {
1180                         lookahead += skip_bytes;
1181                         lookahead_length -= skip_bytes;
1182                 }
1183         }
1184
1185         if(!EncoderSession_init_encoder(&encoder_session, options.common, /*channel_mask=*/0, options.channels, options.bps, options.sample_rate, /*flac_decoder_data=*/0))
1186                 return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
1187
1188         /*
1189          * first do any samples in the reservoir
1190          */
1191         if(options.common.sector_align && *options.common.align_reservoir_samples > 0) {
1192                 if(!EncoderSession_process(&encoder_session, (const FLAC__int32 * const *)options.common.align_reservoir, *options.common.align_reservoir_samples)) {
1193                         print_error_with_state(&encoder_session, "ERROR during encoding");
1194                         return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
1195                 }
1196         }
1197
1198         /*
1199          * decrement infilesize if we need to align the file
1200          */
1201         if(options.common.sector_align) {
1202                 FLAC__ASSERT(infilesize >= 0);
1203                 if(options.common.is_last_file) {
1204                         *options.common.align_reservoir_samples = 0;
1205                 }
1206                 else {
1207                         *options.common.align_reservoir_samples = align_remainder;
1208                         infilesize -= (off_t)((*options.common.align_reservoir_samples) * bytes_per_wide_sample);
1209                         FLAC__ASSERT(infilesize >= 0);
1210                 }
1211         }
1212
1213         /*
1214          * now do from the file
1215          */
1216         if(infilesize < 0) {
1217                 while(!feof(infile)) {
1218                         if(lookahead_length > 0) {
1219                                 FLAC__ASSERT(lookahead_length < CHUNK_OF_SAMPLES * bytes_per_wide_sample);
1220                                 memcpy(ucbuffer_, lookahead, lookahead_length);
1221                                 bytes_read = fread(ucbuffer_+lookahead_length, sizeof(unsigned char), CHUNK_OF_SAMPLES * bytes_per_wide_sample - lookahead_length, infile) + lookahead_length;
1222                                 if(ferror(infile)) {
1223                                         flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR during read\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename);
1224                                         return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
1225                                 }
1226                                 lookahead_length = 0;
1227                         }
1228                         else
1229                                 bytes_read = fread(ucbuffer_, sizeof(unsigned char), CHUNK_OF_SAMPLES * bytes_per_wide_sample, infile);
1230
1231                         if(bytes_read == 0) {
1232                                 if(ferror(infile)) {
1233                                         flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR during read\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename);
1234                                         return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
1235                                 }
1236                         }
1237                         else if(bytes_read % bytes_per_wide_sample != 0) {
1238                                 flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: got partial sample\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename);
1239                                 return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
1240                         }
1241                         else {
1242                                 unsigned wide_samples = bytes_read / bytes_per_wide_sample;
1243                                 if(!format_input(input_, wide_samples, options.is_big_endian, options.is_unsigned_samples, options.channels, options.bps, /*shift=*/0, /*channel_map=*/0))
1244                                         return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
1245
1246                                 if(!EncoderSession_process(&encoder_session, (const FLAC__int32 * const *)input_, wide_samples)) {
1247                                         print_error_with_state(&encoder_session, "ERROR during encoding");
1248                                         return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
1249                                 }
1250                         }
1251                 }
1252         }
1253         else {
1254                 const FLAC__uint64 max_input_bytes = infilesize;
1255                 FLAC__uint64 total_input_bytes_read = 0;
1256                 while(total_input_bytes_read < max_input_bytes) {
1257                         {
1258                                 size_t wanted = (CHUNK_OF_SAMPLES * bytes_per_wide_sample);
1259                                 wanted = (size_t) min((FLAC__uint64)wanted, max_input_bytes - total_input_bytes_read);
1260
1261                                 if(lookahead_length > 0) {
1262                                         FLAC__ASSERT(lookahead_length <= wanted);
1263                                         memcpy(ucbuffer_, lookahead, lookahead_length);
1264                                         wanted -= lookahead_length;
1265                                         bytes_read = lookahead_length;
1266                                         if(wanted > 0) {
1267                                                 bytes_read += fread(ucbuffer_+lookahead_length, sizeof(unsigned char), wanted, infile);
1268                                                 if(ferror(infile)) {
1269                                                         flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR during read\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename);
1270                                                         return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
1271                                                 }
1272                                         }
1273                                         lookahead_length = 0;
1274                                 }
1275                                 else
1276                                         bytes_read = fread(ucbuffer_, sizeof(unsigned char), wanted, infile);
1277                         }
1278
1279                         if(bytes_read == 0) {
1280                                 if(ferror(infile)) {
1281                                         flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR during read\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename);
1282                                         return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
1283                                 }
1284                                 else if(feof(infile)) {
1285                                         flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: WARNING: unexpected EOF; expected %u samples, got %u samples\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename, (unsigned)encoder_session.total_samples_to_encode, (unsigned)encoder_session.samples_written);
1286                                         total_input_bytes_read = max_input_bytes;
1287                                 }
1288                         }
1289                         else {
1290                                 if(bytes_read % bytes_per_wide_sample != 0) {
1291                                         flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: got partial sample\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename);
1292                                         return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
1293                                 }
1294                                 else {
1295                                         unsigned wide_samples = bytes_read / bytes_per_wide_sample;
1296                                         if(!format_input(input_, wide_samples, options.is_big_endian, options.is_unsigned_samples, options.channels, options.bps, /*shift=*/0, /*channel_map=*/0))
1297                                                 return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
1298
1299                                         if(!EncoderSession_process(&encoder_session, (const FLAC__int32 * const *)input_, wide_samples)) {
1300                                                 print_error_with_state(&encoder_session, "ERROR during encoding");
1301                                                 return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
1302                                         }
1303                                         total_input_bytes_read += bytes_read;
1304                                 }
1305                         }
1306                 }
1307         }
1308
1309         /*
1310          * now read unaligned samples into reservoir or pad with zeroes if necessary
1311          */
1312         if(options.common.sector_align) {
1313                 if(options.common.is_last_file) {
1314                         unsigned wide_samples = 588 - align_remainder;
1315                         if(wide_samples < 588) {
1316                                 unsigned channel;
1317
1318                                 info_align_zero = wide_samples;
1319                                 for(channel = 0; channel < options.channels; channel++)
1320                                         memset(input_[channel], 0, sizeof(input_[0][0]) * wide_samples);
1321
1322                                 if(!EncoderSession_process(&encoder_session, (const FLAC__int32 * const *)input_, wide_samples)) {
1323                                         print_error_with_state(&encoder_session, "ERROR during encoding");
1324                                         return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
1325                                 }
1326                         }
1327                 }
1328                 else {
1329                         if(*options.common.align_reservoir_samples > 0) {
1330                                 FLAC__ASSERT(CHUNK_OF_SAMPLES >= 588);
1331                                 bytes_read = fread(ucbuffer_, sizeof(unsigned char), (*options.common.align_reservoir_samples) * bytes_per_wide_sample, infile);
1332                                 if(bytes_read == 0 && ferror(infile)) {
1333                                         flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR during read\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename);
1334                                         return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
1335                                 }
1336                                 else if(bytes_read != (*options.common.align_reservoir_samples) * bytes_per_wide_sample) {
1337                                         flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: WARNING: unexpected EOF; read %u bytes; expected %u samples, got %u samples\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename, (unsigned)bytes_read, (unsigned)encoder_session.total_samples_to_encode, (unsigned)encoder_session.samples_written);
1338                                 }
1339                                 else {
1340                                         info_align_carry = *options.common.align_reservoir_samples;
1341                                         if(!format_input(options.common.align_reservoir, *options.common.align_reservoir_samples, options.is_big_endian, options.is_unsigned_samples, options.channels, options.bps, /*shift=*/0, /*channel_map=*/0))
1342                                                 return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
1343                                 }
1344                         }
1345                 }
1346         }
1347
1348         return EncoderSession_finish_ok(&encoder_session, info_align_carry, info_align_zero);
1349 }
1350
1351 int flac__encode_flac(FILE *infile, off_t infilesize, const char *infilename, const char *outfilename, const FLAC__byte *lookahead, unsigned lookahead_length, flac_encode_options_t options, FLAC__bool input_is_ogg)
1352 {
1353         EncoderSession encoder_session;
1354         FLAC__StreamDecoder *decoder = 0;
1355         FLACDecoderData decoder_data;
1356         size_t i;
1357         int retval;
1358
1359         if(!
1360                 EncoderSession_construct(
1361                         &encoder_session,
1362 #ifdef FLAC__HAS_OGG
1363                         options.common.use_ogg,
1364 #else
1365                         /*use_ogg=*/false,
1366 #endif
1367                         options.common.verify,
1368                         infile,
1369                         infilename,
1370                         outfilename
1371                 )
1372         )
1373                 return 1;
1374
1375         decoder_data.encoder_session = &encoder_session;
1376         decoder_data.filesize = (infilesize == (off_t)(-1)? 0 : infilesize);
1377         decoder_data.lookahead = lookahead;
1378         decoder_data.lookahead_length = lookahead_length;
1379         decoder_data.num_metadata_blocks = 0;
1380         decoder_data.samples_left_to_process = 0;
1381         decoder_data.fatal_error = false;
1382
1383         /*
1384          * set up FLAC decoder for the input
1385          */
1386         if (0 == (decoder = FLAC__stream_decoder_new())) {
1387                 flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: creating decoder for FLAC input\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename);
1388                 return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
1389         }
1390         if (!(
1391                 FLAC__stream_decoder_set_md5_checking(decoder, false) &&
1392                 FLAC__stream_decoder_set_metadata_respond_all(decoder)
1393         )) {
1394                 flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: setting up decoder for FLAC input\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename);
1395                 goto fubar1; /*@@@ yuck */
1396         }
1397
1398         if (input_is_ogg) {
1399                 if (FLAC__stream_decoder_init_ogg_stream(decoder, flac_decoder_read_callback, flac_decoder_seek_callback, flac_decoder_tell_callback, flac_decoder_length_callback, flac_decoder_eof_callback, flac_decoder_write_callback, flac_decoder_metadata_callback, flac_decoder_error_callback, /*client_data=*/&decoder_data) != FLAC__STREAM_DECODER_INIT_STATUS_OK) {
1400                         flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: initializing decoder for Ogg FLAC input, state = %s\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename, FLAC__stream_decoder_get_resolved_state_string(decoder));
1401                         goto fubar1; /*@@@ yuck */
1402                 }
1403         }
1404         else if (FLAC__stream_decoder_init_stream(decoder, flac_decoder_read_callback, flac_decoder_seek_callback, flac_decoder_tell_callback, flac_decoder_length_callback, flac_decoder_eof_callback, flac_decoder_write_callback, flac_decoder_metadata_callback, flac_decoder_error_callback, /*client_data=*/&decoder_data) != FLAC__STREAM_DECODER_INIT_STATUS_OK) {
1405                 flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: initializing decoder for FLAC input, state = %s\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename, FLAC__stream_decoder_get_resolved_state_string(decoder));
1406                 goto fubar1; /*@@@ yuck */
1407         }
1408
1409         if (!FLAC__stream_decoder_process_until_end_of_metadata(decoder) || decoder_data.fatal_error) {
1410                 if (decoder_data.fatal_error)
1411                         flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: out of memory or too many metadata blocks while reading metadata in FLAC input\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename);
1412                 else
1413                         flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: reading metadata in FLAC input, state = %s\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename, FLAC__stream_decoder_get_resolved_state_string(decoder));
1414                 goto fubar1; /*@@@ yuck */
1415         }
1416
1417         if (decoder_data.num_metadata_blocks == 0) {
1418                 flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: reading metadata in FLAC input, got no metadata blocks\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename);
1419                 goto fubar2; /*@@@ yuck */
1420         }
1421         else if (decoder_data.metadata_blocks[0]->type != FLAC__METADATA_TYPE_STREAMINFO) {
1422                 flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: reading metadata in FLAC input, first metadata block is not STREAMINFO\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename);
1423                 goto fubar2; /*@@@ yuck */
1424         }
1425         else if (decoder_data.metadata_blocks[0]->data.stream_info.total_samples == 0) {
1426                 flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: FLAC input has STREAMINFO with unknown total samples which is not supported\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename);
1427                 goto fubar2; /*@@@ yuck */
1428         }
1429
1430         /*
1431          * now that we have the STREAMINFO and know the sample rate,
1432          * canonicalize the --skip string to a number of samples:
1433          */
1434         flac__utils_canonicalize_skip_until_specification(&options.common.skip_specification, decoder_data.metadata_blocks[0]->data.stream_info.sample_rate);
1435         FLAC__ASSERT(options.common.skip_specification.value.samples >= 0);
1436         encoder_session.skip = (FLAC__uint64)options.common.skip_specification.value.samples;
1437         FLAC__ASSERT(!options.common.sector_align); /* --sector-align with FLAC input is not supported */
1438
1439         {
1440                 FLAC__uint64 total_samples_in_input, trim = 0;
1441
1442                 total_samples_in_input = decoder_data.metadata_blocks[0]->data.stream_info.total_samples;
1443
1444                 /*
1445                  * now that we know the input size, canonicalize the
1446                  * --until string to an absolute sample number:
1447                  */
1448                 if(!canonicalize_until_specification(&options.common.until_specification, encoder_session.inbasefilename, decoder_data.metadata_blocks[0]->data.stream_info.sample_rate, encoder_session.skip, total_samples_in_input))
1449                         goto fubar2; /*@@@ yuck */
1450                 encoder_session.until = (FLAC__uint64)options.common.until_specification.value.samples;
1451
1452                 encoder_session.total_samples_to_encode = total_samples_in_input - encoder_session.skip;
1453                 if(encoder_session.until > 0) {
1454                         trim = total_samples_in_input - encoder_session.until;
1455                         FLAC__ASSERT(total_samples_in_input > 0);
1456                         encoder_session.total_samples_to_encode -= trim;
1457                 }
1458
1459                 encoder_session.unencoded_size = decoder_data.filesize;
1460
1461                 /* (channel mask will get copied over from the source VORBIS_COMMENT if it exists) */
1462                 if(!EncoderSession_init_encoder(&encoder_session, options.common, /*channel_mask=*/0, decoder_data.metadata_blocks[0]->data.stream_info.channels, decoder_data.metadata_blocks[0]->data.stream_info.bits_per_sample, decoder_data.metadata_blocks[0]->data.stream_info.sample_rate, &decoder_data))
1463                         return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
1464
1465                 /*
1466                  * have to wait until the FLAC encoder is set up for writing
1467                  * before any seeking in the input FLAC file, because the seek
1468                  * itself will usually call the decoder's write callback, and
1469                  * our decoder's write callback passes samples to our FLAC
1470                  * encoder
1471                  */
1472                 decoder_data.samples_left_to_process = encoder_session.total_samples_to_encode;
1473                 if(encoder_session.skip > 0) {
1474                         if(!FLAC__stream_decoder_seek_absolute(decoder, encoder_session.skip)) {
1475                                 flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR while skipping samples, FLAC decoder state = %s\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename, FLAC__stream_decoder_get_resolved_state_string(decoder));
1476                                 goto fubar2; /*@@@ yuck */
1477                         }
1478                 }
1479
1480                 /*
1481                  * now do samples from the file
1482                  */
1483                 while(!decoder_data.fatal_error && decoder_data.samples_left_to_process > 0) {
1484                         if(!FLAC__stream_decoder_process_single(decoder)) {
1485                                 flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: while decoding FLAC input, state = %s\n", encoder_session.inbasefilename, FLAC__stream_decoder_get_resolved_state_string(decoder));
1486                                 goto fubar2; /*@@@ yuck */
1487                         }
1488                 }
1489         }
1490
1491         FLAC__stream_decoder_delete(decoder);
1492         retval = EncoderSession_finish_ok(&encoder_session, -1, -1);
1493         /* have to wail until encoder is completely finished before deleting because of the final step of writing the seekpoint offsets */
1494         for(i = 0; i < decoder_data.num_metadata_blocks; i++)
1495                 free(decoder_data.metadata_blocks[i]);
1496         return retval;
1497
1498 fubar2:
1499         for(i = 0; i < decoder_data.num_metadata_blocks; i++)
1500                 free(decoder_data.metadata_blocks[i]);
1501 fubar1:
1502         FLAC__stream_decoder_delete(decoder);
1503         return EncoderSession_finish_error(&encoder_session);
1504 }
1505
1506 FLAC__bool EncoderSession_construct(EncoderSession *e, FLAC__bool use_ogg, FLAC__bool verify, FILE *infile, const char *infilename, const char *outfilename)
1507 {
1508         unsigned i;
1509         FLAC__uint32 test = 1;
1510
1511         /*
1512          * initialize globals
1513          */
1514
1515         is_big_endian_host_ = (*((FLAC__byte*)(&test)))? false : true;
1516
1517         for(i = 0; i < FLAC__MAX_CHANNELS; i++)
1518                 input_[i] = &(in_[i][0]);
1519
1520
1521         /*
1522          * initialize instance
1523          */
1524
1525 #ifdef FLAC__HAS_OGG
1526         e->use_ogg = use_ogg;
1527 #else
1528         (void)use_ogg;
1529 #endif
1530         e->verify = verify;
1531
1532         e->is_stdout = (0 == strcmp(outfilename, "-"));
1533         e->outputfile_opened = false;
1534
1535         e->inbasefilename = grabbag__file_get_basename(infilename);
1536         e->outfilename = outfilename;
1537
1538         e->skip = 0; /* filled in later after the sample_rate is known */
1539         e->unencoded_size = 0;
1540         e->total_samples_to_encode = 0;
1541         e->bytes_written = 0;
1542         e->samples_written = 0;
1543         e->stats_mask = 0;
1544
1545         e->encoder = 0;
1546
1547         e->fin = infile;
1548         e->seek_table_template = 0;
1549
1550         if(0 == (e->seek_table_template = FLAC__metadata_object_new(FLAC__METADATA_TYPE_SEEKTABLE))) {
1551                 flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR allocating memory for seek table\n", e->inbasefilename);
1552                 return false;
1553         }
1554
1555         e->encoder = FLAC__stream_encoder_new();
1556         if(0 == e->encoder) {
1557                 flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR creating the encoder instance\n", e->inbasefilename);
1558                 EncoderSession_destroy(e);
1559                 return false;
1560         }
1561
1562         return true;
1563 }
1564
1565 void EncoderSession_destroy(EncoderSession *e)
1566 {
1567         if(e->fin != stdin)
1568                 fclose(e->fin);
1569
1570         if(0 != e->encoder) {
1571                 FLAC__stream_encoder_delete(e->encoder);
1572                 e->encoder = 0;
1573         }
1574
1575         if(0 != e->seek_table_template) {
1576                 FLAC__metadata_object_delete(e->seek_table_template);
1577                 e->seek_table_template = 0;
1578         }
1579 }
1580
1581 int EncoderSession_finish_ok(EncoderSession *e, int info_align_carry, int info_align_zero)
1582 {
1583         FLAC__StreamEncoderState fse_state = FLAC__STREAM_ENCODER_OK;
1584         int ret = 0;
1585
1586         if(e->encoder) {
1587                 fse_state = FLAC__stream_encoder_get_state(e->encoder);
1588                 ret = FLAC__stream_encoder_finish(e->encoder)? 0 : 1;
1589         }
1590
1591         if(e->total_samples_to_encode > 0) {
1592                 print_stats(e);
1593                 flac__utils_printf(stderr, 2, "\n");
1594         }
1595
1596         if(
1597                 fse_state == FLAC__STREAM_ENCODER_VERIFY_MISMATCH_IN_AUDIO_DATA ||
1598                 FLAC__stream_encoder_get_state(e->encoder) == FLAC__STREAM_ENCODER_VERIFY_MISMATCH_IN_AUDIO_DATA
1599         ) {
1600                 print_verify_error(e);
1601                 ret = 1;
1602         }
1603         else {
1604                 if(info_align_carry >= 0) {
1605                         flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: INFO: sector alignment causing %d samples to be carried over\n", e->inbasefilename, info_align_carry);
1606                 }
1607                 if(info_align_zero >= 0) {
1608                         flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: INFO: sector alignment causing %d zero samples to be appended\n", e->inbasefilename, info_align_zero);
1609                 }
1610         }
1611
1612         EncoderSession_destroy(e);
1613
1614         return ret;
1615 }
1616
1617 int EncoderSession_finish_error(EncoderSession *e)
1618 {
1619         FLAC__ASSERT(e->encoder);
1620
1621         if(e->total_samples_to_encode > 0)
1622                 flac__utils_printf(stderr, 2, "\n");
1623
1624         if(FLAC__stream_encoder_get_state(e->encoder) == FLAC__STREAM_ENCODER_VERIFY_MISMATCH_IN_AUDIO_DATA)
1625                 print_verify_error(e);
1626         else if(e->outputfile_opened)
1627                 /* only want to delete the file if we opened it; otherwise it could be an existing file and our overwrite failed */
1628                 unlink(e->outfilename);
1629
1630         EncoderSession_destroy(e);
1631
1632         return 1;
1633 }
1634
1635 FLAC__bool EncoderSession_init_encoder(EncoderSession *e, encode_options_t options, FLAC__uint32 channel_mask, unsigned channels, unsigned bps, unsigned sample_rate, FLACDecoderData *flac_decoder_data)
1636 {
1637         unsigned num_metadata, i;
1638         FLAC__StreamMetadata padding, *cuesheet = 0;
1639         FLAC__StreamMetadata *static_metadata[4+64]; /* MAGIC +64 is for pictures metadata in options.pictures */
1640         FLAC__StreamMetadata **metadata = static_metadata;
1641         FLAC__StreamEncoderInitStatus init_status;
1642         const FLAC__bool is_cdda = (channels == 1 || channels == 2) && (bps == 16) && (sample_rate == 44100);
1643         char apodizations[2000];
1644
1645         FLAC__ASSERT(sizeof(options.pictures)/sizeof(options.pictures[0]) <= 64);
1646
1647         e->replay_gain = options.replay_gain;
1648         e->channels = channels;
1649         e->bits_per_sample = bps;
1650         e->sample_rate = sample_rate;
1651
1652         apodizations[0] = '\0';
1653
1654         if(e->replay_gain) {
1655                 if(channels != 1 && channels != 2) {
1656                         flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR, number of channels (%u) must be 1 or 2 for --replay-gain\n", e->inbasefilename, channels);
1657                         return false;
1658                 }
1659                 if(!grabbag__replaygain_is_valid_sample_frequency(sample_rate)) {
1660                         flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR, invalid sample rate (%u) for --replay-gain\n", e->inbasefilename, sample_rate);
1661                         return false;
1662                 }
1663                 if(options.is_first_file) {
1664                         if(!grabbag__replaygain_init(sample_rate)) {
1665                                 flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR initializing ReplayGain stage\n", e->inbasefilename);
1666                                 return false;
1667                         }
1668                 }
1669         }
1670
1671         if(!parse_cuesheet(&cuesheet, options.cuesheet_filename, e->inbasefilename, is_cdda, e->total_samples_to_encode))
1672                 return false;
1673
1674         if(!convert_to_seek_table_template(options.requested_seek_points, options.num_requested_seek_points, options.cued_seekpoints? cuesheet : 0, e)) {
1675                 flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR allocating memory for seek table\n", e->inbasefilename);
1676                 if(0 != cuesheet)
1677                         FLAC__metadata_object_delete(cuesheet);
1678                 return false;
1679         }
1680
1681         if(flac_decoder_data) {
1682                 /*
1683                  * we're encoding from FLAC so we will use the FLAC file's
1684                  * metadata as the basic for the encoded file
1685                  */
1686                 {
1687                         /*
1688                          * first handle padding: if --no-padding was specified,
1689                          * then delete all padding; else if -P was specified,
1690                          * use that instead of existing padding (if any); else
1691                          * if existing file has padding, move all existing
1692                          * padding blocks to one padding block at the end; else
1693                          * use default padding.
1694                          */
1695                         int p = -1;
1696                         size_t i, j;
1697                         for(i = 0, j = 0; i < flac_decoder_data->num_metadata_blocks; i++) {
1698                                 if(flac_decoder_data->metadata_blocks[i]->type == FLAC__METADATA_TYPE_PADDING) {
1699                                         if(p < 0)
1700                                                 p = 0;
1701                                         p += flac_decoder_data->metadata_blocks[i]->length;
1702                                         FLAC__metadata_object_delete(flac_decoder_data->metadata_blocks[i]);
1703                                         flac_decoder_data->metadata_blocks[i] = 0;
1704                                 }
1705                                 else
1706                                         flac_decoder_data->metadata_blocks[j++] = flac_decoder_data->metadata_blocks[i];
1707                         }
1708                         flac_decoder_data->num_metadata_blocks = j;
1709                         if(options.padding > 0)
1710                                 p = options.padding;
1711                         if(p < 0)
1712                                 p = e->total_samples_to_encode / e->sample_rate < 20*60? FLAC_ENCODE__DEFAULT_PADDING : FLAC_ENCODE__DEFAULT_PADDING*8;
1713                         if(options.padding != 0) {
1714                                 if(p > 0 && flac_decoder_data->num_metadata_blocks < sizeof(flac_decoder_data->metadata_blocks)/sizeof(flac_decoder_data->metadata_blocks[0])) {
1715                                         flac_decoder_data->metadata_blocks[flac_decoder_data->num_metadata_blocks] = FLAC__metadata_object_new(FLAC__METADATA_TYPE_PADDING);
1716                                         if(0 == flac_decoder_data->metadata_blocks[flac_decoder_data->num_metadata_blocks]) {
1717                                                 flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR allocating memory for PADDING block\n", e->inbasefilename);
1718                                                 if(0 != cuesheet)
1719                                                         FLAC__metadata_object_delete(cuesheet);
1720                                                 return false;
1721                                         }
1722                                         flac_decoder_data->metadata_blocks[flac_decoder_data->num_metadata_blocks]->is_last = false; /* the encoder will set this for us */
1723                                         flac_decoder_data->metadata_blocks[flac_decoder_data->num_metadata_blocks]->length = p;
1724                                         flac_decoder_data->num_metadata_blocks++;
1725                                 }
1726                         }
1727                 }
1728                 {
1729                         /*
1730                          * next handle vorbis comment: if any tags were specified
1731                          * or there is no existing vorbis comment, we create a
1732                          * new vorbis comment (discarding any existing one); else
1733                          * we keep the existing one.  also need to make sure to
1734                          * propagate any channel mask tag.
1735                          */
1736                         size_t i, j;
1737                         FLAC__bool vc_found = false;
1738                         for(i = 0, j = 0; i < flac_decoder_data->num_metadata_blocks; i++) {
1739                                 if(flac_decoder_data->metadata_blocks[i]->type == FLAC__METADATA_TYPE_VORBIS_COMMENT)
1740                                         vc_found = true;
1741                                 if(flac_decoder_data->metadata_blocks[i]->type == FLAC__METADATA_TYPE_VORBIS_COMMENT && options.vorbis_comment->data.vorbis_comment.num_comments > 0) {
1742                                         (void) flac__utils_get_channel_mask_tag(flac_decoder_data->metadata_blocks[i], &channel_mask);
1743                                         flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: WARNING, replacing tags from input FLAC file with those given on the command-line\n", e->inbasefilename);
1744                                         FLAC__metadata_object_delete(flac_decoder_data->metadata_blocks[i]);
1745                                         flac_decoder_data->metadata_blocks[i] = 0;
1746                                 }
1747                                 else
1748                                         flac_decoder_data->metadata_blocks[j++] = flac_decoder_data->metadata_blocks[i];
1749                         }
1750                         flac_decoder_data->num_metadata_blocks = j;
1751                         if((!vc_found || options.vorbis_comment->data.vorbis_comment.num_comments > 0) && flac_decoder_data->num_metadata_blocks < sizeof(flac_decoder_data->metadata_blocks)/sizeof(flac_decoder_data->metadata_blocks[0])) {
1752                                 /* prepend ours */
1753                                 FLAC__StreamMetadata *vc = FLAC__metadata_object_clone(options.vorbis_comment);
1754                                 if(0 == vc || (channel_mask && !flac__utils_set_channel_mask_tag(vc, channel_mask))) {
1755                                         flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR allocating memory for VORBIS_COMMENT block\n", e->inbasefilename);
1756                                         if(0 != cuesheet)
1757                                                 FLAC__metadata_object_delete(cuesheet);
1758                                         return false;
1759                                 }
1760                                 for(i = flac_decoder_data->num_metadata_blocks; i > 1; i--)
1761                                         flac_decoder_data->metadata_blocks[i] = flac_decoder_data->metadata_blocks[i-1];
1762                                 flac_decoder_data->metadata_blocks[1] = vc;
1763                                 flac_decoder_data->num_metadata_blocks++;
1764                         }
1765                 }
1766                 {
1767                         /*
1768                          * next handle cuesheet: if --cuesheet was specified, use
1769                          * it; else if file has existing CUESHEET and cuesheet's
1770                          * lead-out offset is correct, keep it; else no CUESHEET
1771                          */
1772                         size_t i, j;
1773                         for(i = 0, j = 0; i < flac_decoder_data->num_metadata_blocks; i++) {
1774                                 FLAC__bool existing_cuesheet_is_bad = false;
1775                                 /* check if existing cuesheet matches the input audio */
1776                                 if(flac_decoder_data->metadata_blocks[i]->type == FLAC__METADATA_TYPE_CUESHEET && 0 == cuesheet) {
1777                                         const FLAC__StreamMetadata_CueSheet *cs = &flac_decoder_data->metadata_blocks[i]->data.cue_sheet;
1778                                         if(e->total_samples_to_encode == 0) {
1779                                                 flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: WARNING, cuesheet in input FLAC file cannot be kept if input size is not known, dropping it...\n", e->inbasefilename);
1780                                                 existing_cuesheet_is_bad = true;
1781                                         }
1782                                         else if(e->total_samples_to_encode != cs->tracks[cs->num_tracks-1].offset) {
1783                                                 flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: WARNING, lead-out offset of cuesheet in input FLAC file does not match input length, dropping existing cuesheet...\n", e->inbasefilename);
1784                                                 existing_cuesheet_is_bad = true;
1785                                         }
1786                                 }
1787                                 if(flac_decoder_data->metadata_blocks[i]->type == FLAC__METADATA_TYPE_CUESHEET && (existing_cuesheet_is_bad || 0 != cuesheet)) {
1788                                         if(0 != cuesheet)
1789                                                 flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: WARNING, replacing cuesheet in input FLAC file with the one given on the command-line\n", e->inbasefilename);
1790                                         FLAC__metadata_object_delete(flac_decoder_data->metadata_blocks[i]);
1791                                         flac_decoder_data->metadata_blocks[i] = 0;
1792                                 }
1793                                 else
1794                                         flac_decoder_data->metadata_blocks[j++] = flac_decoder_data->metadata_blocks[i];
1795                         }
1796                         flac_decoder_data->num_metadata_blocks = j;
1797                         if(0 != cuesheet && flac_decoder_data->num_metadata_blocks < sizeof(flac_decoder_data->metadata_blocks)/sizeof(flac_decoder_data->metadata_blocks[0])) {
1798                                 /* prepend ours */
1799                                 FLAC__StreamMetadata *cs = FLAC__metadata_object_clone(cuesheet);
1800                                 if(0 == cs) {
1801                                         flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR allocating memory for CUESHEET block\n", e->inbasefilename);
1802                                         if(0 != cuesheet)
1803                                                 FLAC__metadata_object_delete(cuesheet);
1804                                         return false;
1805                                 }
1806                                 for(i = flac_decoder_data->num_metadata_blocks; i > 1; i--)
1807                                         flac_decoder_data->metadata_blocks[i] = flac_decoder_data->metadata_blocks[i-1];
1808                                 flac_decoder_data->metadata_blocks[1] = cs;
1809                                 flac_decoder_data->num_metadata_blocks++;
1810                         }
1811                 }
1812                 {
1813                         /*
1814                          * finally handle seektable: if -S- was specified, no
1815                          * SEEKTABLE; else if -S was specified, use it/them;
1816                          * else if file has existing SEEKTABLE and input size is
1817                          * preserved (no --skip/--until/etc specified), keep it;
1818                          * else use default seektable options
1819                          *
1820                          * note: meanings of num_requested_seek_points:
1821                          *  -1 : no -S option given, default to some value
1822                          *   0 : -S- given (no seektable)
1823                          *  >0 : one or more -S options given
1824                          */
1825                         size_t i, j;
1826                         FLAC__bool existing_seektable = false;
1827                         for(i = 0, j = 0; i < flac_decoder_data->num_metadata_blocks; i++) {
1828                                 if(flac_decoder_data->metadata_blocks[i]->type == FLAC__METADATA_TYPE_SEEKTABLE)
1829                                         existing_seektable = true;
1830                                 if(flac_decoder_data->metadata_blocks[i]->type == FLAC__METADATA_TYPE_SEEKTABLE && (e->total_samples_to_encode != flac_decoder_data->metadata_blocks[0]->data.stream_info.total_samples || options.num_requested_seek_points >= 0)) {
1831                                         if(options.num_requested_seek_points > 0)
1832                                                 flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: WARNING, replacing seektable in input FLAC file with the one given on the command-line\n", e->inbasefilename);
1833                                         else if(options.num_requested_seek_points == 0)
1834                                                 ; /* no warning, silently delete existing SEEKTABLE since user specified --no-seektable (-S-) */
1835                                         else
1836                                                 flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: WARNING, can't use existing seektable in input FLAC since the input size is changing or unknown, dropping existing SEEKTABLE block...\n", e->inbasefilename);
1837                                         FLAC__metadata_object_delete(flac_decoder_data->metadata_blocks[i]);
1838                                         flac_decoder_data->metadata_blocks[i] = 0;
1839                                         existing_seektable = false;
1840                                 }
1841                                 else
1842                                         flac_decoder_data->metadata_blocks[j++] = flac_decoder_data->metadata_blocks[i];
1843                         }
1844                         flac_decoder_data->num_metadata_blocks = j;
1845                         if((options.num_requested_seek_points > 0 || (options.num_requested_seek_points < 0 && !existing_seektable)) && flac_decoder_data->num_metadata_blocks < sizeof(flac_decoder_data->metadata_blocks)/sizeof(flac_decoder_data->metadata_blocks[0])) {
1846                                 /* prepend ours */
1847                                 FLAC__StreamMetadata *st = FLAC__metadata_object_clone(e->seek_table_template);
1848                                 if(0 == st) {
1849                                         flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR allocating memory for SEEKTABLE block\n", e->inbasefilename);
1850                                         if(0 != cuesheet)
1851                                                 FLAC__metadata_object_delete(cuesheet);
1852                                         return false;
1853                                 }
1854                                 for(i = flac_decoder_data->num_metadata_blocks; i > 1; i--)
1855                                         flac_decoder_data->metadata_blocks[i] = flac_decoder_data->metadata_blocks[i-1];
1856                                 flac_decoder_data->metadata_blocks[1] = st;
1857                                 flac_decoder_data->num_metadata_blocks++;
1858                         }
1859                 }
1860                 metadata = &flac_decoder_data->metadata_blocks[1]; /* don't include STREAMINFO */
1861                 num_metadata = flac_decoder_data->num_metadata_blocks - 1;
1862         }
1863         else {
1864                 /*
1865                  * we're not encoding from FLAC so we will build the metadata
1866                  * from scratch
1867                  */
1868                 num_metadata = 0;
1869                 if(e->seek_table_template->data.seek_table.num_points > 0) {
1870                         e->seek_table_template->is_last = false; /* the encoder will set this for us */
1871                         metadata[num_metadata++] = e->seek_table_template;
1872                 }
1873                 if(0 != cuesheet)
1874                         metadata[num_metadata++] = cuesheet;
1875                 if(channel_mask) {
1876                         if(!flac__utils_set_channel_mask_tag(options.vorbis_comment, channel_mask)) {
1877                                 flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR adding channel mask tag\n", e->inbasefilename);
1878                                 if(0 != cuesheet)
1879                                         FLAC__metadata_object_delete(cuesheet);
1880                                 return false;
1881                         }
1882                 }
1883                 metadata[num_metadata++] = options.vorbis_comment;
1884                 for(i = 0; i < options.num_pictures; i++)
1885                         metadata[num_metadata++] = options.pictures[i];
1886                 if(options.padding != 0) {
1887                         padding.is_last = false; /* the encoder will set this for us */
1888                         padding.type = FLAC__METADATA_TYPE_PADDING;
1889                         padding.length = (unsigned)(options.padding>0? options.padding : (e->total_samples_to_encode / e->sample_rate < 20*60? FLAC_ENCODE__DEFAULT_PADDING : FLAC_ENCODE__DEFAULT_PADDING*8));
1890                         metadata[num_metadata++] = &padding;
1891                 }
1892         }
1893
1894         /* check for a few things that have not already been checked.  the
1895          * FLAC__stream_encoder_init*() will check it but only return
1896          * FLAC__STREAM_ENCODER_INIT_STATUS_INVALID_METADATA so we check some
1897          * up front to give a better error message.
1898          */
1899         if(!verify_metadata(e, metadata, num_metadata)) {
1900                 if(0 != cuesheet)
1901                         FLAC__metadata_object_delete(cuesheet);
1902                 return false;
1903         }
1904
1905         FLAC__stream_encoder_set_verify(e->encoder, options.verify);
1906         FLAC__stream_encoder_set_streamable_subset(e->encoder, !options.lax);
1907         FLAC__stream_encoder_set_channels(e->encoder, channels);
1908         FLAC__stream_encoder_set_bits_per_sample(e->encoder, bps);
1909         FLAC__stream_encoder_set_sample_rate(e->encoder, sample_rate);
1910         for(i = 0; i < options.num_compression_settings; i++) {
1911                 switch(options.compression_settings[i].type) {
1912                         case CST_BLOCKSIZE:
1913                                 FLAC__stream_encoder_set_blocksize(e->encoder, options.compression_settings[i].value.t_unsigned);
1914                                 break;
1915                         case CST_COMPRESSION_LEVEL:
1916                                 FLAC__stream_encoder_set_compression_level(e->encoder, options.compression_settings[i].value.t_unsigned);
1917                                 apodizations[0] = '\0';
1918                                 break;
1919                         case CST_DO_MID_SIDE:
1920                                 FLAC__stream_encoder_set_do_mid_side_stereo(e->encoder, options.compression_settings[i].value.t_bool);
1921                                 break;
1922                         case CST_LOOSE_MID_SIDE:
1923                                 FLAC__stream_encoder_set_loose_mid_side_stereo(e->encoder, options.compression_settings[i].value.t_bool);
1924                                 break;
1925                         case CST_APODIZATION:
1926                                 if(strlen(apodizations)+strlen(options.compression_settings[i].value.t_string)+2 >= sizeof(apodizations)) {
1927                                         flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: too many apodization functions requested\n", e->inbasefilename);
1928                                         if(0 != cuesheet)
1929                                                 FLAC__metadata_object_delete(cuesheet);
1930                                         return false;
1931                                 }
1932                                 else {
1933                                         strcat(apodizations, options.compression_settings[i].value.t_string);
1934                                         strcat(apodizations, ";");
1935                                 }
1936                                 break;
1937                         case CST_MAX_LPC_ORDER:
1938                                 FLAC__stream_encoder_set_max_lpc_order(e->encoder, options.compression_settings[i].value.t_unsigned);
1939                                 break;
1940                         case CST_QLP_COEFF_PRECISION:
1941                                 FLAC__stream_encoder_set_qlp_coeff_precision(e->encoder, options.compression_settings[i].value.t_unsigned);
1942                                 break;
1943                         case CST_DO_QLP_COEFF_PREC_SEARCH:
1944                                 FLAC__stream_encoder_set_do_qlp_coeff_prec_search(e->encoder, options.compression_settings[i].value.t_bool);
1945                                 break;
1946                         case CST_DO_ESCAPE_CODING:
1947                                 FLAC__stream_encoder_set_do_escape_coding(e->encoder, options.compression_settings[i].value.t_bool);
1948                                 break;
1949                         case CST_DO_EXHAUSTIVE_MODEL_SEARCH:
1950                                 FLAC__stream_encoder_set_do_exhaustive_model_search(e->encoder, options.compression_settings[i].value.t_bool);
1951                                 break;
1952                         case CST_MIN_RESIDUAL_PARTITION_ORDER:
1953                                 FLAC__stream_encoder_set_min_residual_partition_order(e->encoder, options.compression_settings[i].value.t_unsigned);
1954                                 break;
1955                         case CST_MAX_RESIDUAL_PARTITION_ORDER:
1956                                 FLAC__stream_encoder_set_max_residual_partition_order(e->encoder, options.compression_settings[i].value.t_unsigned);
1957                                 break;
1958                         case CST_RICE_PARAMETER_SEARCH_DIST:
1959                                 FLAC__stream_encoder_set_rice_parameter_search_dist(e->encoder, options.compression_settings[i].value.t_unsigned);
1960                                 break;
1961                 }
1962         }
1963         if(*apodizations)
1964                 FLAC__stream_encoder_set_apodization(e->encoder, apodizations);
1965         FLAC__stream_encoder_set_total_samples_estimate(e->encoder, e->total_samples_to_encode);
1966         FLAC__stream_encoder_set_metadata(e->encoder, (num_metadata > 0)? metadata : 0, num_metadata);
1967
1968         FLAC__stream_encoder_disable_constant_subframes(e->encoder, options.debug.disable_constant_subframes);
1969         FLAC__stream_encoder_disable_fixed_subframes(e->encoder, options.debug.disable_fixed_subframes);
1970         FLAC__stream_encoder_disable_verbatim_subframes(e->encoder, options.debug.disable_verbatim_subframes);
1971
1972 #ifdef FLAC__HAS_OGG
1973         if(e->use_ogg) {
1974                 FLAC__stream_encoder_set_ogg_serial_number(e->encoder, options.serial_number);
1975
1976                 init_status = FLAC__stream_encoder_init_ogg_file(e->encoder, e->is_stdout? 0 : e->outfilename, encoder_progress_callback, /*client_data=*/e);
1977         }
1978         else
1979 #endif
1980         {
1981                 init_status = FLAC__stream_encoder_init_file(e->encoder, e->is_stdout? 0 : e->outfilename, encoder_progress_callback, /*client_data=*/e);
1982         }
1983
1984         if(init_status != FLAC__STREAM_ENCODER_INIT_STATUS_OK) {
1985                 print_error_with_init_status(e, "ERROR initializing encoder", init_status);
1986                 if(FLAC__stream_encoder_get_state(e->encoder) != FLAC__STREAM_ENCODER_IO_ERROR)
1987                         e->outputfile_opened = true;
1988                 if(0 != cuesheet)
1989                         FLAC__metadata_object_delete(cuesheet);
1990                 return false;
1991         }
1992         else
1993                 e->outputfile_opened = true;
1994
1995         e->stats_mask =
1996                 (FLAC__stream_encoder_get_do_exhaustive_model_search(e->encoder) && FLAC__stream_encoder_get_do_qlp_coeff_prec_search(e->encoder))? 0x07 :
1997                 (FLAC__stream_encoder_get_do_exhaustive_model_search(e->encoder) || FLAC__stream_encoder_get_do_qlp_coeff_prec_search(e->encoder))? 0x0f :
1998                 0x3f;
1999
2000         if(0 != cuesheet)
2001                 FLAC__metadata_object_delete(cuesheet);
2002
2003         return true;
2004 }
2005
2006 FLAC__bool EncoderSession_process(EncoderSession *e, const FLAC__int32 * const buffer[], unsigned samples)
2007 {
2008         if(e->replay_gain) {
2009                 if(!grabbag__replaygain_analyze(buffer, e->channels==2, e->bits_per_sample, samples)) {
2010                         flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: WARNING, error while calculating ReplayGain\n", e->inbasefilename);
2011                 }
2012         }
2013
2014         return FLAC__stream_encoder_process(e->encoder, buffer, samples);
2015 }
2016
2017 FLAC__bool convert_to_seek_table_template(const char *requested_seek_points, int num_requested_seek_points, FLAC__StreamMetadata *cuesheet, EncoderSession *e)
2018 {
2019         const FLAC__bool only_placeholders = e->is_stdout;
2020         FLAC__bool has_real_points;
2021
2022         if(num_requested_seek_points == 0 && 0 == cuesheet)
2023                 return true;
2024
2025         if(num_requested_seek_points < 0) {
2026                 requested_seek_points = "10s;";
2027                 num_requested_seek_points = 1;
2028         }
2029
2030         if(num_requested_seek_points > 0) {
2031                 if(!grabbag__seektable_convert_specification_to_template(requested_seek_points, only_placeholders, e->total_samples_to_encode, e->sample_rate, e->seek_table_template, &has_real_points))
2032                         return false;
2033         }
2034
2035         if(0 != cuesheet) {
2036                 unsigned i, j;
2037                 const FLAC__StreamMetadata_CueSheet *cs = &cuesheet->data.cue_sheet;
2038                 for(i = 0; i < cs->num_tracks; i++) {
2039                         const FLAC__StreamMetadata_CueSheet_Track *tr = cs->tracks+i;
2040                         for(j = 0; j < tr->num_indices; j++) {
2041                                 if(!FLAC__metadata_object_seektable_template_append_point(e->seek_table_template, tr->offset + tr->indices[j].offset))
2042                                         return false;
2043                                 has_real_points = true;
2044                         }
2045                 }
2046                 if(has_real_points)
2047                         if(!FLAC__metadata_object_seektable_template_sort(e->seek_table_template, /*compact=*/true))
2048                                 return false;
2049         }
2050
2051         if(has_real_points) {
2052                 if(e->is_stdout) {
2053                         flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: WARNING, cannot write back seekpoints when encoding to stdout\n", e->inbasefilename);
2054                 }
2055         }
2056
2057         return true;
2058 }
2059
2060 FLAC__bool canonicalize_until_specification(utils__SkipUntilSpecification *spec, const char *inbasefilename, unsigned sample_rate, FLAC__uint64 skip, FLAC__uint64 total_samples_in_input)
2061 {
2062         /* convert from mm:ss.sss to sample number if necessary */
2063         flac__utils_canonicalize_skip_until_specification(spec, sample_rate);
2064
2065         /* special case: if "--until=-0", use the special value '0' to mean "end-of-stream" */
2066         if(spec->is_relative && spec->value.samples == 0) {
2067                 spec->is_relative = false;
2068                 return true;
2069         }
2070
2071         /* in any other case the total samples in the input must be known */
2072         if(total_samples_in_input == 0) {
2073                 flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR, cannot use --until when input length is unknown\n", inbasefilename);
2074                 return false;
2075         }
2076
2077         FLAC__ASSERT(spec->value_is_samples);
2078
2079         /* convert relative specifications to absolute */
2080         if(spec->is_relative) {
2081                 if(spec->value.samples <= 0)
2082                         spec->value.samples += (FLAC__int64)total_samples_in_input;
2083                 else
2084                         spec->value.samples += skip;
2085                 spec->is_relative = false;
2086         }
2087
2088         /* error check */
2089         if(spec->value.samples < 0) {
2090                 flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR, --until value is before beginning of input\n", inbasefilename);
2091                 return false;
2092         }
2093         if((FLAC__uint64)spec->value.samples <= skip) {
2094                 flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR, --until value is before --skip point\n", inbasefilename);
2095                 return false;
2096         }
2097         if((FLAC__uint64)spec->value.samples > total_samples_in_input) {
2098                 flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR, --until value is after end of input\n", inbasefilename);
2099                 return false;
2100         }
2101
2102         return true;
2103 }
2104
2105 FLAC__bool verify_metadata(const EncoderSession *e, FLAC__StreamMetadata **metadata, unsigned num_metadata)
2106 {
2107         FLAC__bool metadata_picture_has_type1 = false;
2108         FLAC__bool metadata_picture_has_type2 = false;
2109         unsigned i;
2110
2111         FLAC__ASSERT(0 != metadata);
2112         for(i = 0; i < num_metadata; i++) {
2113                 const FLAC__StreamMetadata *m = metadata[i];
2114                 if(m->type == FLAC__METADATA_TYPE_SEEKTABLE) {
2115                         if(!FLAC__format_seektable_is_legal(&m->data.seek_table)) {
2116                                 flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: SEEKTABLE metadata block is invalid\n", e->inbasefilename);
2117                                 return false;
2118                         }
2119                 }
2120                 else if(m->type == FLAC__METADATA_TYPE_CUESHEET) {
2121                         if(!FLAC__format_cuesheet_is_legal(&m->data.cue_sheet, m->data.cue_sheet.is_cd, /*violation=*/0)) {
2122                                 flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: CUESHEET metadata block is invalid\n", e->inbasefilename);
2123                                 return false;
2124                         }
2125                 }
2126                 else if(m->type == FLAC__METADATA_TYPE_PICTURE) {
2127                         const char *error = 0;
2128                         if(!FLAC__format_picture_is_legal(&m->data.picture, &error)) {
2129                                 flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: PICTURE metadata block is invalid: %s\n", e->inbasefilename, error);
2130                                 return false;
2131                         }
2132                         if(m->data.picture.type == FLAC__STREAM_METADATA_PICTURE_TYPE_FILE_ICON_STANDARD) {
2133                                 if(metadata_picture_has_type1) {
2134                                         flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: there may only be one picture of type 1 (32x32 icon) in the file\n", e->inbasefilename);
2135                                         return false;
2136                                 }
2137                                 metadata_picture_has_type1 = true;
2138                         }
2139                         else if(m->data.picture.type == FLAC__STREAM_METADATA_PICTURE_TYPE_FILE_ICON) {
2140                                 if(metadata_picture_has_type2) {
2141                                         flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: there may only be one picture of type 2 (icon) in the file\n", e->inbasefilename);
2142                                         return false;
2143                                 }
2144                                 metadata_picture_has_type2 = true;
2145                         }
2146                 }
2147         }
2148
2149         return true;
2150 }
2151
2152 FLAC__bool format_input(FLAC__int32 *dest[], unsigned wide_samples, FLAC__bool is_big_endian, FLAC__bool is_unsigned_samples, unsigned channels, unsigned bps, unsigned shift, size_t *channel_map)
2153 {
2154         unsigned wide_sample, sample, channel, byte;
2155         FLAC__int32 *out[FLAC__MAX_CHANNELS];
2156
2157         if(0 == channel_map) {
2158                 for(channel = 0; channel < channels; channel++)
2159                         out[channel] = dest[channel];
2160         }
2161         else {
2162                 for(channel = 0; channel < channels; channel++)
2163                         out[channel] = dest[channel_map[channel]];
2164         }
2165
2166         if(bps == 8) {
2167                 if(is_unsigned_samples) {
2168                         for(sample = wide_sample = 0; wide_sample < wide_samples; wide_sample++)
2169                                 for(channel = 0; channel < channels; channel++, sample++)
2170                                         out[channel][wide_sample] = (FLAC__int32)ucbuffer_[sample] - 0x80;
2171                 }
2172                 else {
2173                         for(sample = wide_sample = 0; wide_sample < wide_samples; wide_sample++)
2174                                 for(channel = 0; channel < channels; channel++, sample++)
2175                                         out[channel][wide_sample] = (FLAC__int32)scbuffer_[sample];
2176                 }
2177         }
2178         else if(bps == 16) {
2179                 if(is_big_endian != is_big_endian_host_) {
2180                         unsigned char tmp;
2181                         const unsigned bytes = wide_samples * channels * (bps >> 3);
2182                         for(byte = 0; byte < bytes; byte += 2) {
2183                                 tmp = ucbuffer_[byte];
2184                                 ucbuffer_[byte] = ucbuffer_[byte+1];
2185                                 ucbuffer_[byte+1] = tmp;
2186                         }
2187                 }
2188                 if(is_unsigned_samples) {
2189                         for(sample = wide_sample = 0; wide_sample < wide_samples; wide_sample++)
2190                                 for(channel = 0; channel < channels; channel++, sample++)
2191                                         out[channel][wide_sample] = (FLAC__int32)usbuffer_[sample] - 0x8000;
2192                 }
2193                 else {
2194                         for(sample = wide_sample = 0; wide_sample < wide_samples; wide_sample++)
2195                                 for(channel = 0; channel < channels; channel++, sample++)
2196                                         out[channel][wide_sample] = (FLAC__int32)ssbuffer_[sample];
2197                 }
2198         }
2199         else if(bps == 24) {
2200                 if(!is_big_endian) {
2201                         unsigned char tmp;
2202                         const unsigned bytes = wide_samples * channels * (bps >> 3);
2203                         for(byte = 0; byte < bytes; byte += 3) {
2204                                 tmp = ucbuffer_[byte];
2205                                 ucbuffer_[byte] = ucbuffer_[byte+2];
2206                                 ucbuffer_[byte+2] = tmp;
2207                         }
2208                 }
2209                 if(is_unsigned_samples) {
2210                         for(byte = sample = wide_sample = 0; wide_sample < wide_samples; wide_sample++)
2211                                 for(channel = 0; channel < channels; channel++, sample++) {
2212                                         out[channel][wide_sample]  = ucbuffer_[byte++]; out[channel][wide_sample] <<= 8;
2213                                         out[channel][wide_sample] |= ucbuffer_[byte++]; out[channel][wide_sample] <<= 8;
2214                                         out[channel][wide_sample] |= ucbuffer_[byte++];
2215                                         out[channel][wide_sample] -= 0x800000;
2216                                 }
2217                 }
2218                 else {
2219                         for(byte = sample = wide_sample = 0; wide_sample < wide_samples; wide_sample++)
2220                                 for(channel = 0; channel < channels; channel++, sample++) {
2221                                         out[channel][wide_sample]  = scbuffer_[byte++]; out[channel][wide_sample] <<= 8;
2222                                         out[channel][wide_sample] |= ucbuffer_[byte++]; out[channel][wide_sample] <<= 8;
2223                                         out[channel][wide_sample] |= ucbuffer_[byte++];
2224                                 }
2225                 }
2226         }
2227         else {
2228                 FLAC__ASSERT(0);
2229         }
2230         if(shift > 0) {
2231                 FLAC__int32 mask = (1<<shift)-1;
2232                 for(wide_sample = 0; wide_sample < wide_samples; wide_sample++)
2233                         for(channel = 0; channel < channels; channel++) {
2234                                 if(out[channel][wide_sample] & mask) {
2235                                         flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "ERROR during read, sample data (channel#%u sample#%u = %d) has non-zero least-significant bits\n  WAVE/AIFF header said the last %u bits are not significant and should be zero.\n", channel, wide_sample, out[channel][wide_sample], shift);
2236                                         return false;
2237                                 }
2238                                 out[channel][wide_sample] >>= shift;
2239                         }
2240         }
2241         return true;
2242 }
2243
2244 void encoder_progress_callback(const FLAC__StreamEncoder *encoder, FLAC__uint64 bytes_written, FLAC__uint64 samples_written, unsigned frames_written, unsigned total_frames_estimate, void *client_data)
2245 {
2246         EncoderSession *encoder_session = (EncoderSession*)client_data;
2247
2248         (void)encoder, (void)total_frames_estimate;
2249
2250         encoder_session->bytes_written = bytes_written;
2251         encoder_session->samples_written = samples_written;
2252
2253         if(encoder_session->total_samples_to_encode > 0 && !((frames_written-1) & encoder_session->stats_mask))
2254                 print_stats(encoder_session);
2255 }
2256
2257 FLAC__StreamDecoderReadStatus flac_decoder_read_callback(const FLAC__StreamDecoder *decoder, FLAC__byte buffer[], size_t *bytes, void *client_data)
2258 {
2259         size_t n = 0;
2260         FLACDecoderData *data = (FLACDecoderData*)client_data;
2261         (void)decoder;
2262
2263         if (data->fatal_error)
2264                 return FLAC__STREAM_DECODER_READ_STATUS_ABORT;
2265
2266         /* use up lookahead first */
2267         if (data->lookahead_length) {
2268                 n = min(data->lookahead_length, *bytes);
2269                 memcpy(buffer, data->lookahead, n);
2270                 buffer += n;
2271                 data->lookahead += n;
2272                 data->lookahead_length -= n;
2273         }
2274
2275         /* get the rest from file */
2276         if (*bytes > n) {
2277                 *bytes = n + fread(buffer, 1, *bytes-n, data->encoder_session->fin);
2278                 if(ferror(data->encoder_session->fin))
2279                         return FLAC__STREAM_DECODER_READ_STATUS_ABORT;
2280                 else if(0 == *bytes)
2281                         return FLAC__STREAM_DECODER_READ_STATUS_END_OF_STREAM;
2282                 else
2283                         return FLAC__STREAM_DECODER_READ_STATUS_CONTINUE;
2284         }
2285         else
2286                 return FLAC__STREAM_DECODER_READ_STATUS_CONTINUE;
2287 }
2288
2289 FLAC__StreamDecoderSeekStatus flac_decoder_seek_callback(const FLAC__StreamDecoder *decoder, FLAC__uint64 absolute_byte_offset, void *client_data)
2290 {
2291         FLACDecoderData *data = (FLACDecoderData*)client_data;
2292         (void)decoder;
2293
2294         if(fseeko(data->encoder_session->fin, (off_t)absolute_byte_offset, SEEK_SET) < 0)
2295                 return FLAC__STREAM_DECODER_SEEK_STATUS_ERROR;
2296         else
2297                 return FLAC__STREAM_DECODER_SEEK_STATUS_OK;
2298 }
2299
2300 FLAC__StreamDecoderTellStatus flac_decoder_tell_callback(const FLAC__StreamDecoder *decoder, FLAC__uint64 *absolute_byte_offset, void *client_data)
2301 {
2302         FLACDecoderData *data = (FLACDecoderData*)client_data;
2303         off_t pos;
2304         (void)decoder;
2305
2306         if((pos = ftello(data->encoder_session->fin)) < 0)
2307                 return FLAC__STREAM_DECODER_TELL_STATUS_ERROR;
2308         else {
2309                 *absolute_byte_offset = (FLAC__uint64)pos;
2310                 return FLAC__STREAM_DECODER_TELL_STATUS_OK;
2311         }
2312 }
2313
2314 FLAC__StreamDecoderLengthStatus flac_decoder_length_callback(const FLAC__StreamDecoder *decoder, FLAC__uint64 *stream_length, void *client_data)
2315 {
2316         FLACDecoderData *data = (FLACDecoderData*)client_data;
2317         (void)decoder;
2318
2319         if(0 == data->filesize)
2320                 return FLAC__STREAM_DECODER_LENGTH_STATUS_ERROR;
2321         else {
2322                 *stream_length = (FLAC__uint64)data->filesize;
2323                 return FLAC__STREAM_DECODER_LENGTH_STATUS_OK;
2324         }
2325 }
2326
2327 FLAC__bool flac_decoder_eof_callback(const FLAC__StreamDecoder *decoder, void *client_data)
2328 {
2329         FLACDecoderData *data = (FLACDecoderData*)client_data;
2330         (void)decoder;
2331
2332         return feof(data->encoder_session->fin)? true : false;
2333 }
2334
2335 FLAC__StreamDecoderWriteStatus flac_decoder_write_callback(const FLAC__StreamDecoder *decoder, const FLAC__Frame *frame, const FLAC__int32 * const buffer[], void *client_data)
2336 {
2337         FLACDecoderData *data = (FLACDecoderData*)client_data;
2338         FLAC__uint64 n = min(data->samples_left_to_process, frame->header.blocksize);
2339         (void)decoder;
2340
2341         if(!EncoderSession_process(data->encoder_session, buffer, (unsigned)n)) {
2342                 print_error_with_state(data->encoder_session, "ERROR during encoding");
2343                 data->fatal_error = true;
2344                 return FLAC__STREAM_DECODER_WRITE_STATUS_ABORT;
2345         }
2346
2347         data->samples_left_to_process -= n;
2348         return FLAC__STREAM_DECODER_WRITE_STATUS_CONTINUE;
2349 }
2350
2351 void flac_decoder_metadata_callback(const FLAC__StreamDecoder *decoder, const FLAC__StreamMetadata *metadata, void *client_data)
2352 {
2353         FLACDecoderData *data = (FLACDecoderData*)client_data;
2354         (void)decoder;
2355
2356         if (data->fatal_error)
2357                 return;
2358
2359         if (
2360                 data->num_metadata_blocks == sizeof(data->metadata_blocks)/sizeof(data->metadata_blocks[0]) ||
2361                 0 == (data->metadata_blocks[data->num_metadata_blocks] = FLAC__metadata_object_clone(metadata))
2362         )
2363                 data->fatal_error = true;
2364         else
2365                 data->num_metadata_blocks++;
2366 }
2367
2368 void flac_decoder_error_callback(const FLAC__StreamDecoder *decoder, FLAC__StreamDecoderErrorStatus status, void *client_data)
2369 {
2370         FLACDecoderData *data = (FLACDecoderData*)client_data;
2371         (void)decoder;
2372
2373         flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR got %s while decoding FLAC input\n", data->encoder_session->inbasefilename, FLAC__StreamDecoderErrorStatusString[status]);
2374         data->fatal_error = true;
2375 }
2376
2377 FLAC__bool parse_cuesheet(FLAC__StreamMetadata **cuesheet, const char *cuesheet_filename, const char *inbasefilename, FLAC__bool is_cdda, FLAC__uint64 lead_out_offset)
2378 {
2379         FILE *f;
2380         unsigned last_line_read;
2381         const char *error_message;
2382
2383         if(0 == cuesheet_filename)
2384                 return true;
2385
2386         if(lead_out_offset == 0) {
2387                 flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR cannot import cuesheet when the number of input samples to encode is unknown\n", inbasefilename);
2388                 return false;
2389         }
2390
2391         if(0 == (f = fopen(cuesheet_filename, "r"))) {
2392                 flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR opening cuesheet \"%s\" for reading: %s\n", inbasefilename, cuesheet_filename, strerror(errno));
2393                 return false;
2394         }
2395
2396         *cuesheet = grabbag__cuesheet_parse(f, &error_message, &last_line_read, is_cdda, lead_out_offset);
2397
2398         fclose(f);
2399
2400         if(0 == *cuesheet) {
2401                 flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR parsing cuesheet \"%s\" on line %u: %s\n", inbasefilename, cuesheet_filename, last_line_read, error_message);
2402                 return false;
2403         }
2404
2405         if(!FLAC__format_cuesheet_is_legal(&(*cuesheet)->data.cue_sheet, /*check_cd_da_subset=*/false, &error_message)) {
2406                 flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR parsing cuesheet \"%s\": %s\n", inbasefilename, cuesheet_filename, error_message);
2407                 return false;
2408         }
2409
2410         /* if we're expecting CDDA, warn about non-compliance */
2411         if(is_cdda && !FLAC__format_cuesheet_is_legal(&(*cuesheet)->data.cue_sheet, /*check_cd_da_subset=*/true, &error_message)) {
2412                 flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: WARNING cuesheet \"%s\" is not audio CD compliant: %s\n", inbasefilename, cuesheet_filename, error_message);
2413                 (*cuesheet)->data.cue_sheet.is_cd = false;
2414         }
2415
2416         return true;
2417 }
2418
2419 void print_stats(const EncoderSession *encoder_session)
2420 {
2421         const FLAC__uint64 samples_written = min(encoder_session->total_samples_to_encode, encoder_session->samples_written);
2422 #if defined _MSC_VER || defined __MINGW32__
2423         /* with MSVC you have to spoon feed it the casting */
2424         const double progress = (double)(FLAC__int64)samples_written / (double)(FLAC__int64)encoder_session->total_samples_to_encode;
2425         const double ratio = (double)(FLAC__int64)encoder_session->bytes_written / ((double)(FLAC__int64)encoder_session->unencoded_size * min(1.0, progress));
2426 #else
2427         const double progress = (double)samples_written / (double)encoder_session->total_samples_to_encode;
2428         const double ratio = (double)encoder_session->bytes_written / ((double)encoder_session->unencoded_size * min(1.0, progress));
2429 #endif
2430
2431         if(samples_written == encoder_session->total_samples_to_encode) {
2432                 flac__utils_printf(stderr, 2, "\r%s:%s wrote %u bytes, ratio=%0.3f",
2433                         encoder_session->inbasefilename,
2434                         encoder_session->verify? " Verify OK," : "",
2435                         (unsigned)encoder_session->bytes_written,
2436                         ratio
2437                 );
2438         }
2439         else {
2440                 flac__utils_printf(stderr, 2, "\r%s: %u%% complete, ratio=%0.3f", encoder_session->inbasefilename, (unsigned)floor(progress * 100.0 + 0.5), ratio);
2441         }
2442 }
2443
2444 void print_error_with_init_status(const EncoderSession *e, const char *message, FLAC__StreamEncoderInitStatus init_status)
2445 {
2446         const int ilen = strlen(e->inbasefilename) + 1;
2447         const char *state_string = "";
2448
2449         flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "\n%s: %s\n", e->inbasefilename, message);
2450
2451         flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%*s init_status = %s\n", ilen, "", FLAC__StreamEncoderInitStatusString[init_status]);
2452
2453         if(init_status == FLAC__STREAM_ENCODER_INIT_STATUS_ENCODER_ERROR) {
2454                 state_string = FLAC__stream_encoder_get_resolved_state_string(e->encoder);
2455
2456                 flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%*s state = %s\n", ilen, "", state_string);
2457
2458                 /* print out some more info for some errors: */
2459                 if(0 == strcmp(state_string, FLAC__StreamEncoderStateString[FLAC__STREAM_ENCODER_CLIENT_ERROR])) {
2460                         flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1,
2461                                 "\n"
2462                                 "An error occurred while writing; the most common cause is that the disk is full.\n"
2463                         );
2464                 }
2465                 else if(0 == strcmp(state_string, FLAC__StreamEncoderStateString[FLAC__STREAM_ENCODER_IO_ERROR])) {
2466                         flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1,
2467                                 "\n"
2468                                 "An error occurred opening the output file; it is likely that the output\n"
2469                                 "directory does not exist or is not writable, the output file already exists and\n"
2470                                 "is not writable, or the disk is full.\n"
2471                         );
2472                 }
2473         }
2474         else if(init_status == FLAC__STREAM_ENCODER_INIT_STATUS_NOT_STREAMABLE) {
2475                 flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1,
2476                         "\n"
2477                         "The encoding parameters specified do not conform to the FLAC Subset and may not\n"
2478                         "be streamable or playable in hardware devices.  If you really understand the\n"
2479                         "consequences, you can add --lax to the command-line options to encode with\n"
2480                         "these parameters anyway.  See http://flac.sourceforge.net/format.html#subset\n"
2481                 );
2482         }
2483 }
2484
2485 void print_error_with_state(const EncoderSession *e, const char *message)
2486 {
2487         const int ilen = strlen(e->inbasefilename) + 1;
2488         const char *state_string;
2489
2490         flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "\n%s: %s\n", e->inbasefilename, message);
2491
2492         state_string = FLAC__stream_encoder_get_resolved_state_string(e->encoder);
2493
2494         flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%*s state = %s\n", ilen, "", state_string);
2495
2496         /* print out some more info for some errors: */
2497         if(0 == strcmp(state_string, FLAC__StreamEncoderStateString[FLAC__STREAM_ENCODER_CLIENT_ERROR])) {
2498                 flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1,
2499                         "\n"
2500                         "An error occurred while writing; the most common cause is that the disk is full.\n"
2501                 );
2502         }
2503 }
2504
2505 void print_verify_error(EncoderSession *e)
2506 {
2507         FLAC__uint64 absolute_sample;
2508         unsigned frame_number;
2509         unsigned channel;
2510         unsigned sample;
2511         FLAC__int32 expected;
2512         FLAC__int32 got;
2513
2514         FLAC__stream_encoder_get_verify_decoder_error_stats(e->encoder, &absolute_sample, &frame_number, &channel, &sample, &expected, &got);
2515
2516         flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: mismatch in decoded data, verify FAILED!\n", e->inbasefilename);
2517         flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "       Absolute sample=%u, frame=%u, channel=%u, sample=%u, expected %d, got %d\n", (unsigned)absolute_sample, frame_number, channel, sample, expected, got);
2518         flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "       In all known cases, verify errors are caused by hardware problems,\n");
2519         flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "       usually overclocking or bad RAM.  Delete %s\n", e->outfilename);
2520         flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "       and repeat the flac command exactly as before.  If it does not give a\n");
2521         flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "       verify error in the exact same place each time you try it, then there is\n");
2522         flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "       a problem with your hardware; please see the FAQ:\n");
2523         flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "           http://flac.sourceforge.net/faq.html#tools__hardware_prob\n");
2524         flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "       If it does fail in the exact same place every time, keep\n");
2525         flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "       %s and submit a bug report to:\n", e->outfilename);
2526         flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "           https://sourceforge.net/bugs/?func=addbug&group_id=13478\n");
2527         flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "       Make sure to upload the FLAC file and use the \"Monitor\" feature to\n");
2528         flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "       monitor the bug status.\n");
2529         flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "Verify FAILED!  Do not trust %s\n", e->outfilename);
2530 }
2531
2532 FLAC__bool read_little_endian_uint16(FILE *f, FLAC__uint16 *val, FLAC__bool eof_ok, const char *fn)
2533 {
2534         size_t bytes_read = fread(val, 1, 2, f);
2535
2536         if(bytes_read == 0) {
2537                 if(!eof_ok) {
2538                         flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: unexpected EOF\n", fn);
2539                         return false;
2540                 }
2541                 else
2542                         return true;
2543         }
2544         else if(bytes_read < 2) {
2545                 flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: unexpected EOF\n", fn);
2546                 return false;
2547         }
2548         else {
2549                 if(is_big_endian_host_) {
2550                         FLAC__byte tmp, *b = (FLAC__byte*)val;
2551                         tmp = b[1]; b[1] = b[0]; b[0] = tmp;
2552                 }
2553                 return true;
2554         }
2555 }
2556
2557 FLAC__bool read_little_endian_uint32(FILE *f, FLAC__uint32 *val, FLAC__bool eof_ok, const char *fn)
2558 {
2559         size_t bytes_read = fread(val, 1, 4, f);
2560
2561         if(bytes_read == 0) {
2562                 if(!eof_ok) {
2563                         flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: unexpected EOF\n", fn);
2564                         return false;
2565                 }
2566                 else
2567                         return true;
2568         }
2569         else if(bytes_read < 4) {
2570                 flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: unexpected EOF\n", fn);
2571                 return false;
2572         }
2573         else {
2574                 if(is_big_endian_host_) {
2575                         FLAC__byte tmp, *b = (FLAC__byte*)val;
2576                         tmp = b[3]; b[3] = b[0]; b[0] = tmp;
2577                         tmp = b[2]; b[2] = b[1]; b[1] = tmp;
2578                 }
2579                 return true;
2580         }
2581 }
2582
2583 FLAC__bool read_big_endian_uint16(FILE *f, FLAC__uint16 *val, FLAC__bool eof_ok, const char *fn)
2584 {
2585         unsigned char buf[4];
2586         size_t bytes_read= fread(buf, 1, 2, f);
2587
2588         if(bytes_read==0U && eof_ok)
2589                 return true;
2590         else if(bytes_read<2U) {
2591                 flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: unexpected EOF\n", fn);
2592                 return false;
2593         }
2594
2595         /* this is independent of host endianness */
2596         *val= (FLAC__uint16)(buf[0])<<8 | buf[1];
2597
2598         return true;
2599 }
2600
2601 FLAC__bool read_big_endian_uint32(FILE *f, FLAC__uint32 *val, FLAC__bool eof_ok, const char *fn)
2602 {
2603         unsigned char buf[4];
2604         size_t bytes_read= fread(buf, 1, 4, f);
2605
2606         if(bytes_read==0U && eof_ok)
2607                 return true;
2608         else if(bytes_read<4U) {
2609                 flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: unexpected EOF\n", fn);
2610                 return false;
2611         }
2612
2613         /* this is independent of host endianness */
2614         *val= (FLAC__uint32)(buf[0])<<24 | (FLAC__uint32)(buf[1])<<16 |
2615                 (FLAC__uint32)(buf[2])<<8 | buf[3];
2616
2617         return true;
2618 }
2619
2620 FLAC__bool read_sane_extended(FILE *f, FLAC__uint32 *val, FLAC__bool eof_ok, const char *fn)
2621         /* Read an IEEE 754 80-bit (aka SANE) extended floating point value from 'f',
2622          * convert it into an integral value and store in 'val'.  Return false if only
2623          * between 1 and 9 bytes remain in 'f', if 0 bytes remain in 'f' and 'eof_ok' is
2624          * false, or if the value is negative, between zero and one, or too large to be
2625          * represented by 'val'; return true otherwise.
2626          */
2627 {
2628         unsigned int i;
2629         unsigned char buf[10];
2630         size_t bytes_read= fread(buf, 1U, 10U, f);
2631         FLAC__int16 e= ((FLAC__uint16)(buf[0])<<8 | (FLAC__uint16)(buf[1]))-0x3FFF;
2632         FLAC__int16 shift= 63-e;
2633         FLAC__uint64 p= 0U;
2634
2635         if(bytes_read==0U && eof_ok)
2636                 return true;
2637         else if(bytes_read<10U) {
2638                 flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: unexpected EOF\n", fn);
2639                 return false;
2640         }
2641         else if((buf[0]>>7)==1U || e<0 || e>63) {
2642                 flac__utils_printf(stderr, 1, "%s: ERROR: invalid floating-point value\n", fn);
2643                 return false;
2644         }
2645
2646         for(i= 0U; i<8U; ++i)
2647                 p|= (FLAC__uint64)(buf[i+2])<<(56U-i*8);
2648         *val= (FLAC__uint32)((p>>shift)+(p>>(shift-1) & 0x1));
2649
2650         return true;
2651 }
2652
2653 FLAC__bool fskip_ahead(FILE *f, FLAC__uint64 offset)
2654 {
2655         static unsigned char dump[8192];
2656
2657         while(offset > 0) {
2658                 long need = (long)min(offset, LONG_MAX);
2659                 if(fseeko(f, need, SEEK_CUR) < 0) {
2660                         need = (long)min(offset, sizeof(dump));
2661                         if((long)fread(dump, 1, need, f) < need)
2662                                 return false;
2663                 }
2664                 offset -= need;
2665         }
2666 #if 0 /* pure non-fseek() version */
2667         while(offset > 0) {
2668                 const long need = (long)min(offset, sizeof(dump));
2669                 if(fread(dump, 1, need, f) < need)
2670                         return false;
2671                 offset -= need;
2672         }
2673 #endif
2674         return true;
2675 }
2676
2677 unsigned count_channel_mask_bits(FLAC__uint32 mask)
2678 {
2679         unsigned count = 0;
2680         while(mask) {
2681                 if(mask & 1)
2682                         count++;
2683                 mask >>= 1;
2684         }
2685         return count;
2686 }
2687
2688 FLAC__uint32 limit_channel_mask(FLAC__uint32 mask, unsigned channels)
2689 {
2690         FLAC__uint32 x = 0x80000000;
2691         unsigned count = count_channel_mask_bits(mask);
2692         while(x && count > channels) {
2693                 if(mask & x) {
2694                         mask &= ~x;
2695                         count--;
2696                 }
2697                 x >>= 1;
2698         }
2699         FLAC__ASSERT(count_channel_mask_bits(mask) == channels);
2700         return mask;
2701 }